Botanische Staatssammlung München © 1995–2008
Data remain intellectual property of the data set authors.

Verrucariaceae template_01

Data Set Maintenance: Data set template, compiled, and standard item. Data set author(s): Triebel D. @EXCL@ Breuss O. @EXCL@ Nash T.H. Data set reviewer(s): Nash T.H.

Nomenclature: Current taxonomic status: accepted. Taxonomic rank: species. Number of known taxa within this rank: 1 (Number entered as dummy value). Verrucaria. Synonyms: x; Verrucariaceae Zenker (1827); Verrucariales.

Type Information: Type: x; protologue: x; type specimen label data: x.

Taxonomic Literature: Taxonomic notes: x. X.

Biogeography: Northern hemispheric; holarctic, arctic, subarctic, boreal, Mediterranean, subtropical, pantropical, neotropical, palaeotropic, subantarctic, antarctic, and cosmopolitan; coastal, colline, submontane, montane, upper montane, subalpine, and alpine. Continent: Africa, Antarctica, Asia-Temperate, Australasia, Europe, Northern America, Southern America, Pacific, and Asia-Tropical. Checklist records: Mexico, Sonoran Desert, and United States and Canada (continental).

Ecology: Saprobic or biotroph; lichenized or lichenicolous; terricolous, bryophytic, lignicolous, corticolous, or saxicolous; endosubstratic or episubstratic; growing sun-exposed, partially shaded, or fully shaded; under conditions which are dry, moist, or wet; substrate non-calciferous or calciferous.

Lichen Photobionts: Primary photobiont chlorococcal. Primary photobiont taxonomy: Coccobotrys, Dilabifilum, Heterococcus, Myrmecia, and Stichococcus.

Thallus: Indistinct, crustose, or foliose, not subdivided or subdivided into main parts, squamulose, placodioid, areolate (primarily areolate), or granular, peltate or subsquamulose, areoles not dispersed or dispersed, umbilicate; lobes angular or rounded at the front; separate thallus parts (0)-0-0-0-(0) mm wide; thin or thick; (0)-0-0-0-(0) mm thick. Thallus Size and Differentiation: Very small, small, medium-sized, or large; (0)-0-0-0-(0) cm in diameter; main branches basally not constricted or basally constricted. Thallus Outline: Irregular or orbicular; simple, zonate, lobed, or arachnoid; indistinct or distinct; margin entire, undulate, crenulate, or lobulate. Upper Surface: Verrucose, grey, brown, dark brown, grey-brown, olive, brownish yellow, or brownish red, glossy (shiny), vitreous, or matt, rough or smooth, byssoid or erose; not fissurate or fissurate; fissures sparingly developed or strongly developed; epruinose or pruinose; pruina scarce or abundant, greyish or whitish, continuous or patchy. Lower Surface: Absent or present, black, dark brown, grey-brown, brownish yellow, brownish red, or pale brown; attached by the whole lower surface or attached by holdfasts; not wrinkled or wrinkled, wrinkles isolated or reticulate; not rhizinate or rhizinate; rhizines sparse, moderately abundant, or abundant, brownish yellow or brownish red.

Upper Cortex: Absent or present; (0)-0-0-0-(0) µm high; prosoplectenchymatous or paraplectenchymatous; single-layered or double-layered; outer cortical layer prosoplectenchymatous or paraplectenchymatous; inner cortical layer prosoplectenchymatous or paraplectenchymatous. Medulla: (0)-0-0-0-(0) µm thick, white or pale brown, compact, dense, loose, or very loose, becoming hollow. Lower Cortex: Absent or present; (0)-0-0-0-(0) µm thick.

Ascocarps: Perithecioid, not emerging, becoming adnate to soon sessile, (0)-0-0-0-(0) mm in diam.. Wall: Not carbonized, carbonized only in parts, carbonized around the ostiole, lacking a clypeus, or with a carbonized black clypeus around the ostiole, not fused or fused. Margin: Black, brownish yellow, pale brown, or lemon (citrine). Exciple: Not inspersed with crystals. Amphithecial Cortex: Outer cortical layer black, white, or brownish yellow. Periphyses: Absent or present; not gelatinized or gelatinized. Episamma: Without episamma or with episamma; crystalline. Epithecium: Without epithecium or with epithecium; apical cells hyaline, brownish yellow, or lemon (citrine). Hymenium: Not gelatinized or gelatinized. Interascal Hyphae: Absent or present, irregular, without predominant orientation or predominantly vertical; cells (0)-0-0-0-(0) µm long.

Ascospores: Not uniseriate or uniseriate, 1–2 to 12-16 per ascus, subglobose, broadly ellipsoid, ellipsoid, oval, or fusiform, (0)-0-0-0-(0) µm long, (0)-0-0-0-(0) µm wide; septa absent or present; transversally septate or both transversally and longitudinally; (0)-0-0-0-(0)-transversally septate; (0)-0-0-0-(0) longitudinal septa per transversal septum; wall thin or thick, (0)-0-0-0-(0) µm wide, distinctly differentiated into primary and secondary wall, dark brown, middle brown, grey, hyaline, or pale brown, not ornamented or ornamented.

Conidiomata: Absent resp. not observed or present; pycnidial; sparse, moderately abundant, or strongly abundant.

Conidia: Oblong-obtuse or bacilliform; (0)-0-0-0-(0) µm long; (0)-0-0-0-(0) µm wide.

Secondary Metabolites: Not detected.

Spot Tests: Absent reactions.

(report generated 04.Okt.2007)

In case that additional characters and states are required to be included in this data set, consult the LIAS Instructions to Participants and follow the procedures described there.