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Physcia tetriachii Moberg

Data Set Maintenance: Data set compiled (from Sonoran Desert Lichen Flora Vol. 1). Data set author(s): Bungartz F. (02-02-22). Data set to be published after submission; February 2002.

Nomenclature: Current taxonomic status: accepted. Taxonomic rank: species. Currently accepted name Physcia tetriachii Moberg. Physcia. Physciaceae Zahlbr. (1898); Lecanorineae; Lecanorales.

Type Information: Basionym: Physcia tetriachii Moberg. Type: Physcia tetriachii Moberg.

Biogeography: Coastal. Continent: Northern America. Checklist records: Mexico and Sonoran Desert (only known from a few localities in Sonora, Sinaloa and Baja California Sur).

Ecology: Biotroph; lichenized; corticolous (branches and twigs); episubstratic; growing sun-exposed or partially shaded; under conditions which are dry or moist.

Thallus: Foliose, subdivided into main parts, lobed; lobes concave or plane; separate thallus parts wide; up to 4 mm wide. Thallus Size and Differentiation: Up to 5 cm in diameter; apex rounded. Thallus Outline: Irregular or orbicular; margin brighter than disk (pruinose, frosted) the thallus centre; soon disappearing. Upper Surface: Grey, grey-blue, or brown (not brown but brownish), matt (frosted rim along the lobe margins); immaculate; pruinose; pruina abundant; greyish or whitish; in the centre or at periphery (frosted); eciliate; without hairs; not isidate; not sorediate; not blastidiate; not schizidiate; not lobulate. Lower Surface: Present, white or pale brown, loosely attached attached; attached by holdfasts (true rhizines); rhizinate; rhizines sparse, brown (brownish, concolorous with lower surface) or white, without projections, not branched or branched (rhizines simple to sparsely branched), sparsely furcate; not sorediate; not tomentose.

Upper Cortex: Present; outer cortical layer paraplectenchymatous; inner cortical layer prosoplectenchymatous. Medulla: White. Lower Cortex: Present.

Reproduction Strategy: With sexual (and possible asexual) stages. Ascocarps: Apothecioid, orbicular, substipitate (short stalked), abundant, up to 5 mm in diam.. Margin: Lecanorine, crenulate, persistent, distinct; not sorediate; not isidiate; not ciliate; not hirsute. Disk: Plane. Epithecium: With epithecium (simple or forked); apical cells subulate (clavate with dark brown cap), pale brown. Hymenium: White; not inspers. Interascal Hyphae: Scarcely branched (paraphyses single or forked above). Subhymenium: White. Hypothecium: White.

Asci: Cylindrical.

Ascospores: Pachysporaria-type, c. 8 per ascus, ellipsoid, (17)-18.5-22-(22.5) µm long, (8.5)-9-10.5-(11) µm wide; septa present; transversally septate; 1-transversally septate; wall thickened at the septum, becoming pigmented, dark brown (at maturity) or middle brown.

Conidiomata: Present; strongly abundant.

Conidia: Bacilliform (not bacilliform: subcylindrical); 4-6 µm long; 1 µm wide.

Secondary Metabolites: Present; throughout the thallus medulla (with triterpenes), atranorin, metabolite(s) of unresolved identity: present (triterpenes).

Spot Tests: Present reactions. Upper surface: K + deep yellow, C –, KC –, PD + yellow; cortex: KC + deep yellow, –, PD + yellow; medulla: K – C –, KC –, PD – soredia: K – KC –.

(report generated 13.Nov.2007)

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