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Physcia sinuosa Moberg

Data Set Maintenance: Data set compiled (from Sonoran Desert Lichen Flora Vol. 1). Data set author(s): Bungartz F. (02-02-21).

Nomenclature: Current taxonomic status: accepted. Taxonomic rank: species. Currently accepted name Physcia sinuosa Moberg. Physcia. Physciaceae Zahlbr. (1898); Lecanorineae; Lecanorales.

Type Information: Basionym: Physcia sinuosa Moberg. Type: Physcia sinuosa Moberg.

Biogeography: Subtropical; colline. Continent: Northern America and Southern America. Checklist records: Mexico and Sonoran Desert.

Ecology: Biotroph; lichenized; saxicolous; episubstratic; growing sun-exposed or partially shaded; under conditions which are dry or moist.

Thallus: Foliose, subdivided into main parts, lobed; lobes rounded (sinuose) at the front; plane or slightly convex; separate thallus parts short, narrow; .5-1 mm wide. Thallus Size and Differentiation: Up to 2 cm in diameter; apex truncate. Thallus Outline: Irregular or orbicular. Upper Surface: Pale grey, smooth; mostly epruinose; eciliate; without hairs; not isidate; sorediate (sometimes abundant); soralia subperipheral or peripheral (at some distance from the lobe tips), semicapitate or labriform, isolated, not confluent with other soralia; not blastidiate; not schizidiate; not lobulate. Lower Surface: Present, grey, white, or pale grey (rarely brownish), loosely attached attached; attached by holdfasts (true rhizines); rhizinate; rhizines more or less abundant, grey (unspecified: pale), without projections or with projections (rhizines simple to sparsely furcate), sparsely furcate; not sorediate; not tomentose.

Upper Cortex: Present; outer cortical layer paraplectenchymatous; inner cortical layer prosoplectenchymatous. Medulla: White.

Reproduction Strategy: With sexual (and possible asexual) stages. Ascocarps: Apothecioid, orbicular, soon sessile or substipitate, abundant, up to 1 mm in diam.. Margin: Lecanorine, persistent, distinct; sorediate; not isidiate; not ciliate; not hirsute. Disk: Plane; sometimes pruinose, pruina white. Epithecium: With epithecium (simple or forked); apical cells subulate (clavate with dark brown cap), pale brown. Hymenium: White; not inspers. Interascal Hyphae: Scarcely branched (paraphyses simple or forked above). Subhymenium: White. Hypothecium: White; not inspers.

Asci: Cylindrical.

Ascospores: Pachysporaria-type, c. 8 per ascus, ellipsoid, 15-19 µm long, 6.5-7.5 µm wide; septa present; transversally septate; 1-transversally septate; wall thickened at the septum, becoming pigmented, dark brown (at maturity) or middle brown.

Conidiomata: Present; sparse.

Conidia: Bacilliform (not bacilliform: cylindrical); 4-6 µm long; 1 µm wide.

Secondary Metabolites: Present; throughout the thallus medulla (atranorin, zeorin and some unknown triterpenes), atranorin or hopane-6a,22-diol, metabolite(s) of unresolved identity: present (triterpenes).

Spot Tests: Present reactions. Upper surface: K + deep yellow, C –, KC –, PD + yellow; cortex: KC + deep yellow, –, PD + yellow; medulla: K + yellow; C –, KC –, PD + deep yellow; soredia: K + deep yellow; KC –.

(report generated 13.Nov.2007)

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