Botanische Staatssammlung München © 1995–2008
Data remain intellectual property of the data set authors.

Hyperphyscia adglutinata (Flörke) H. Mayrhofer & Poelt

Data Set Maintenance: Data set compiled (from Sonoran Desert Lichen Flora). Data set author(s): Bungartz F. (02-04-26). Data set to be published after submission; February 2002.

Nomenclature: Current taxonomic status: accepted. Taxonomic rank: species. Currently accepted name Hyperphyscia adglutinata (Flörke) H. Mayrhofer & Poelt. Hyperphyscia. Synonyms: Physciopsis adglutinata (Flörke) M. Choisy; Physciaceae Zahlbr. (1898); Lecanorineae; Lecanorales.

Type Information: Basionym: Lecanora adglutinata Flörke. Type: Hyperphyscia adglutinata (Flörke) H. Mayrhofer & Poelt,
Herzogia 5: 62 (1979).

Biogeography: Mediterranean (and temperate) and subtropical; coastal, colline, and submontane. Continent: Europe, Northern America, and Southern America. Checklist records: Mexico, Sonoran Desert, and United States and Canada (continental).

Ecology: Biotroph; lichenized; lignicolous; episubstratic; growing sun-exposed or partially shaded; under conditions which are dry or moist.

Thallus: Foliose (to subfoliose (lobes very thightly attached)), subdivided into main parts, lobed (to subfoliose (lobes very thightly attached)); lobes sometimes ascending; plane; separate thallus parts short, narrow; .3-.7 mm wide. Thallus Size and Differentiation: Very small; up to 2 cm in diameter. Thallus Outline: Irregular or orbicular; margin darkened (margins occasionally black) the thallus centre. Upper Surface: Grey, brown (to dark brown), or grey-brown, matt; epruinose or pruinose; pruina scarce; whitish; eciliate; without hairs; not isidate; sorediate; soralia laminal (sometimes arise from small surface lobules or thallus protrusions), capitate or maculiform, soredia coarse; not blastidiate; not schizidiate. Lower Surface: Present, black, grey, or pale brown, black in the centre, black or pale brown along the margin, firmly attached attached; attached by holdfasts (with true rhizines or sometimes without any rhizines); not rhizinate or rhizinate; rhizines sparse, not branched ((rhizines simple)).

Upper Cortex: Present; outer cortical layer paraplectenchymatous (cells with lumina of 3-7 µm in diameter); inner cortical layer prosoplectenchymatous. Medulla: White. Lower Cortex: Absent or present (often rudimentary (integrating with the substrate)).

Reproduction Strategy: With sexual (and possible asexual) stages (very rare). Ascocarps: Apothecioid, orbicular, forming all across the thallus surface, soon sessile, sparse, 1 mm in diam.. Margin: Lecanorine, smooth, persistent, distinct. Disk: Plane; black or brown; epruinose. Epithecium: Apical cells pale brown. Hymenium: White.

Asci: Dehiscence lecanoralean (Lecanora-type).

Ascospores: Physcia-type and Pachysporaria-type, c. 8 per ascus, spores 8 per ascus, ellipsoid, 15-23 µm long, 7-11 µm wide; septa present; transversally septate; wall apically thickened, becoming pigmented, dark brown (at maturity) or middle brown.

Conidiomata: Present; strongly abundant.

Conidia: Fusiform (not fusiform but filiform); 15-20 µm long; .5-1 µm wide.

Secondary Metabolites: Not detected (none detected).

Spot Tests: Absent reactions.

(report generated 13.Nov.2007)

In case that additional characters and states are required to be included in this data set, consult the LIAS Instructions to Participants and follow the procedures described there.