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Anaptychia ciliaris (L.) Körb.

Data Set Maintenance: Data set compiled. Data set author(s): Helms G. (00-11-28).

Nomenclature: Current taxonomic status: accepted. Taxonomic rank: species. Currently accepted name Anaptychia ciliris. Anaptychia. Physciaceae Zahlbr. (1898); Lecanorineae; Lecanorales.

Taxonomic Literature: Purvis et al., Nat. His. Museum Pub.,p. 71 (1992).

Biogeography: Northern hemispheric; submontane, montane, and upper montane. Continent: Africa and Europe. Checklist records: Austria, Germany, Great Britain, and Italy.

Ecology: Biotroph; lichenized; corticolous or rarely saxicolous; episubstratic; growing sun-exposed or partially shaded; under conditions which are dry.

Thallus: Crustose, not subdivided or subdivided into main parts, irregular, subfruticose, continuous throughout; lobes with parallel margins, elongate, more or less horizontal (with ascending apices); branches applanate (moderately flattened); separate thallus parts long, narrow; at least 2 mm wide. Thallus Size and Differentiation: 3-5-(10) cm in diameter; apex not distinctly broader than average; curved upwards; rounded. Thallus Outline: Irregular; distinct; margin levelled. Upper Surface: Pale grey or grey-brown, matt, smooth; immaculate; epruinose; ciliate; cilia slender; not isidate; not sorediate; not blastidiate; not schizidiate; not lobulate. Lower Surface: Present, white (pale brownish), loosely attached attached; attached by holdfasts; not rhizinate; not sorediate.

Upper Cortex: Present. Photobiont Layer: Single-layered.

Reproduction Strategy: Sometimes with sexual (and possible asexual) stages. Ascocarps: Orbicular, substipitate (stalked), strongly constricted at the base, sparse, 2-5 mm in diam.. Margin: Lecanorine, smooth (or conspiciously deeply cranulate), persistent, distinct; not isidiate; not ciliate; not hirsute. Disk: Urceolate (deeply cup shaped to discoid), excavate, or plane; black (brown-black); pruinose, pruina abundant, pale grey (blue-grey).

Ascospores: Physconia-type, c. 8 per ascus, oval (ellipsoid), 40-45-(54) µm long, 18-24 µm wide; septa present; transversally septate; 1-transversally septate; wall thin (uniformly thickened, sculptured with minute spines or ridges), dark brown, not ornamented (uniformly thickened, sculptured with minute spines or ridges).

Conidia: Bacilliform; 3-5 µm long; 1.5 µm wide.

Secondary Metabolites: Present; atranorin (and zeorin (trace)).

(report generated 13.Nov.2007)

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