Botanische Staatssammlung München © 1995–2008
Data remain intellectual property of the data set authors.

Xanthoparmelia sulcifera (Kurok.) Hale

Data Set Maintenance: Data set compiled (Flora of Australia Vol. 55 Lichens-Lecanorales, Parmeliaceae). Data set author(s): Nöske, N. M. @EXCL@ Bungartz F. (06-06-04). Data set not revised; to be published after submission.

Nomenclature: Current taxonomic status: accepted. Taxonomic rank: species. Currently accepted name Xanthoparmelia sulcifera (Kurok.) Hale. Xanthoparmelia. Synonyms: Parmelia sulcifera Kurok.; Parmeliaceae Zenker (1827); Lecanorineae; Lecanorales.

Type Information: Basionym: Parmelia sulcifera Kurok. Type: Parmelia sulcifera Kurok.; type specimen label data: S. Kurokawa 6450; holo: TNS; iso: ANUC.

Taxonomic Literature: Mycotaxon 20: 79 (1984).

Biogeography: Southern hemispheric. Continent: Australasia. Checklist records: Australia (rare, endemic, in rain shadow areas of central and southern tablelands of N.S.W.).

Ecology: Lichenized; terricolous (found on soil and rarely spreading over pebbles).

Thallus: Foliose, irregular, lobed; lobes linear (sublinear), imbricate; separate thallus parts.7-2 mm wide. Thallus Size and Differentiation: Up to 6 cm in diameter. Upper Surface: Lime green (pale yellow-green; lobe margins often blackened towards apices), convex, matt, smooth (smooth to slightly rugulose), pulverulaceous (becoming pulvinate); immaculate; not isidate; not sorediate; lobulate (laciniae revolute to convolute, subdichotomously branched, often entangled and growing over primary lobes, +/- subascending at apices, 0.3-0.5 (-1) mm wide, without lobules). Lower Surface: Present (partly canaliculate), yellow (straw-yellow to light brown, usually dark brown or black towards apices); attached by holdfasts (loosely adnate to unattched but remaining intact); rhizinate (often grouped subapically 0.2-0.6 mm long); rhizines sparse or moderately abundant, yellow (concolorous with lower surface), not branched (tufted or not).

Medulla: White.

Reproduction Strategy: With sexual (and possible asexual) stages (but rare, subpedicellate). Ascocarps: Apothecioid, 1-3 mm in diam.. Margin: Smooth, distinct (involute and +/- undulating). Disk: Excavate, red or dark brown.

Ascospores: 10-11 µm long, 4-6 µm wide.

Conidiomata: Present (common).

Conidia: Bifusiform; 5-6 µm long; .5 µm wide.

Secondary Metabolites: Present; usnic acid (other secondary metabolites: hypostictic acid, hyposalazinic acid and +/- hypoconstictic acid).

Spot Tests: Cortex: KC – medulla: K + yellow changing to red (then pale reddish), C –, PD –.

UV-Fluorescence: Upper thallus surface – (negative).

(report generated 04.Okt.2007)

In case that additional characters and states are required to be included in this data set, consult the LIAS Instructions to Participants and follow the procedures described there.