Botanische Staatssammlung München © 1995–2008
Data remain intellectual property of the data set authors.

Xanthoparmelia substrigosa (Hale) Hale

Data Set Maintenance: Data set compiled (Flora of Australia Vol. 55 Lichens-Lecanorales, Parmeliaceae). Data set author(s): Nöske, N. M. @EXCL@ Bungartz F. (06-06-03). Data set not revised; to be published after submission.

Nomenclature: Current taxonomic status: accepted. Taxonomic rank: species. Currently accepted name Xanthoparmelia substrigosa (Hale) Hale. Xanthoparmelia. Synonyms: Parmelia conspersa var. strigosa Müll. Arg.
Parmelia laxa f. strigosa (Müll. Arg.) Gyeln.
Parmelia substrigosa Hale;
Parmeliaceae Zenker (1827); Lecanorineae; Lecanorales.

Type Information: Basionym: Parmelia substrigosa Hale. Type: Parmelia conspersa var. strigosa Müll. Arg.; type specimen label data: Falck 12; holo: G.

Taxonomic Literature: Phytologia 28: 489 (1974).

Biogeography: Southern hemispheric. Continent: Australasia. Checklist records: Australia (very common and variable, found in tableland and mountain areas of southern and eastern Australia (W.A., S.A., Qld, N.S.W., A.C.T., Vic. and Tas.); also on both islands of New Zealand (in particular Canterbury, Otago)) and New Zealand.

Ecology: Lichenized; terricolous or saxicolous (grows on rock and spreads from rock onto soil).

Thallus: Foliose, irregular (subdichotomously to irregularly branched), lobed; lobes elongate or linear (to irregular), imbricate (rarely imbricate); plane (+/- flat); separate thallus parts 1.5-4-(5) mm wide. Thallus Size and Differentiation: 7-12 cm in diameter; apex not curved or curved upwards (subascending). Thallus Outline: Margin sinuate. Upper Surface: Lime green (darkening, lobe margins commonly black), matt (becoming dull) or glossy (shiny), smooth; immaculate; not isidate; not sorediate; not lobulate. Lower Surface: Present, pale brown or dark brown; attached by holdfasts (loosely adnate); rhizinate; rhizines abundant (very dense), dark brown, not branched (fasciculate to simple) or branched, dichotomously branched.

Medulla: White.

Reproduction Strategy: With sexual (and possible asexual) stages (subpedicellate). Ascocarps: Apothecioid, 8-12 mm in diam.. Margin: Indistinct (entire, undulating). Disk: Excavate to plane (becoming flattened or slightly convex) or weakly convex, dark brown.

Ascospores: 8-10 µm long, 4-6 µm wide.

Conidiomata: Present (common).

Conidia: Bifusiform; 5-6 µm long; .5 µm wide.

Secondary Metabolites: Present; consalazinic acid, norstictic acid (norstictic acid (major) and connorstictic acid), salazinic acid, and usnic acid.

Spot Tests: Cortex: KC – medulla: K + yellow changing to red, C –, PD + orange.

UV-Fluorescence: Upper thallus surface – (negative).

(report generated 04.Okt.2007)

In case that additional characters and states are required to be included in this data set, consult the LIAS Instructions to Participants and follow the procedures described there.