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Xanthoparmelia hypoprotocetrarica (Kurok. & Elix) Hale

Data Set Maintenance: Data set compiled (Flora of Australia Vol. 55 Lichens-Lecanorales, Parmeliaceae). Data set author(s): Nöske, N. M. @EXCL@ Bungartz F. (06-05-09). Data set not revised; to be published after submission.

Nomenclature: Current taxonomic status: accepted. Taxonomic rank: species. Currently accepted name Xanthoparmelia hypoprotocetrarica (Kurok. & Elix) Hale. Xanthoparmelia. Synonyms: Parmelia hypoprotocetrarica Kurok. & Elix; Parmeliaceae Zenker (1827); Lecanorineae; Lecanorales.

Type Information: Basionym: Parmelia hypoprotocetrarica Kurok. & Elix. Type: Parmelia hypoprotocetrarica Kurok. & Elix; type specimen label data: J. A. Elix 101; holo: TNS; iso: CANB, MEL.

Taxonomic Literature: Phytologia 28: 487 (1974).

Biogeography: Southern hemispheric; upper montane (upland areas with moderate rainfall) and subalpine. Continent: Africa (South Africa) and Australasia. Checklist records: Australia (locally common; S.A., N.S.W., A.C.T., Vic.).

Ecology: Lichenized; saxicolous.

Thallus: Foliose, isotomic-dichotomous (subdichotomously branched), lobed; lobes linear (sublinear), imbricate; plane; separate thallus parts 1-2.5 mm wide. Thallus Size and Differentiation: 6-8 cm in diameter; apex curved upwards (subascending). Thallus Outline: Margin crenate (or not). Upper Surface: Lime green, matt; maculate (distinct or effigurate); wrinkled (becoming rugulose); not isidate; not sorediate; lobulate (laciniae sublinear-elongate, subdichotomously branched, sometimes dominating thallus, 0.5-1 mm wide). Lower Surface: Present, black; attached by holdfasts (loosely adnate); wrinkled (rugulose or not); rhizinate (robust); rhizines sparse, black, not branched (tufted or not).

Medulla: White.

Reproduction Strategy: With sexual (and possible asexual) stages. Ascocarps: Apothecioid (subpedicellate), 3-7 mm in diam.. Margin: Distinct (distinctly undulating, maculate). Disk: Excavate, dark brown.

Ascospores: 6-8 µm long, 4-5 µm wide.

Conidiomata: Present (common).

Conidia: Bifusiform; 5-6 µm long; .5 µm wide.

Secondary Metabolites: Present; usnic acid (other secondary metabolites: hypoprotocetraric acid and +/- 4-O-demethylnotatic acid (trace)).

Spot Tests: Cortex: KC – medulla: K –, C –, KC –, PD –.

UV-Fluorescence: Upper thallus surface – (negative).

(report generated 04.Okt.2007)

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