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Xanthoparmelia bungendorensis (Elix) Elix & J. Johnst.

Data Set Maintenance: Data set compiled (Flora of Australia Vol. 55 Lichens-Lecanorales 2, Parmeliaceae). Data set author(s): Nöske, N. M. @EXCL@ Clerc, P. (04-10-09). Data set not revised; to be published after submission.

Nomenclature: Current taxonomic status: accepted. Taxonomic rank: species. Currently accepted name Xanthoparmelia bungendorensis (Elix) Elix & J. Johnst. Xanthoparmelia. Parmeliaceae Zenker (1827); Lecanorineae; Lecanorales.

Type Information: Basionym: Parmelia bungendorensis Elix. Type: Xanthoparmelia bungendorensis (Elix) Elix & J. Johnst.

Taxonomic Literature: Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 205 (1986).

Biogeography: Southern hemispheric (endemic); montane (or grassland). Continent: Australasia. Checklist records: Australia.

Ecology: Biotroph; lichenized; saxicolous; growing sun-exposed, under conditions which are dry (subarid and temperate grassland).

Thallus: Foliose, subdivided into main parts, irregular, lobed; lobes elongate (subirregular to sublinear elongate), imbricate (sometimes imbricate); branches applanate (moderately flattened); separate thallus parts 1-4 mm wide. Thallus Size and Differentiation: 7-10 cm in diameter. Upper Surface: Lime green, glossy (shiny), smooth; immaculate; not isidate; not sorediate. Lower Surface: Present, brown (pale brown to dark brown); rhizinate (robust); rhizines sparse or moderately abundant, brownish yellow (yellow-brown to blackish brown), not branched.

Medulla: White.

Reproduction Strategy: With sexual (and possible asexual) stages. Ascocarps: Apothecioid (subpedicellate), 1.5-5 mm in diam.. Margin: Distinct (involute, becoming undulating). Disk: Excavate, brown (dark brown).

Ascospores: 8.5-9.6 µm long, 4.5-5.5 µm wide.

Conidiomata: Present (common).

Conidia: Bifusiform; 5-6 µm long; .5 µm wide.

Secondary Metabolites: Present; usnic acid (other secondary metabolites: scabrosin 4,4`-diacetate, scabrosin 4-acetate 4´-butyrate, scabrosin 4,4´-dibutyrate and scabrosin 4-acetate 4`-hexanoate).

Spot Tests: Cortex: KC – medulla: K –, C –, KC –, PD –.

UV-Fluorescence: Upper thallus surface – (negative).

(report generated 04.Okt.2007)

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