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Hypotrachyna bogotensis (Vain.) Hale

Data Set Maintenance: Data set standard item. Data set author(s): Nash T.H. (00-01-31). Data set reviewer(s): Nash T.H.

Nomenclature: Current taxonomic status: accepted. Taxonomic rank: species. Hypotrachyna. Synonyms: Parmelia bogotensis Vain.; Parmeliaceae Zenker (1827); Lecanorineae; Lecanorales.

Type Information: Type: Hypotrachyna bogotensis (Vain.) Hale.

Taxonomic Literature: Vainio 1899 (Hedwigia 38) Hale 1975 (Smithsonian Contr. Bot.).

Biogeography: Neotropical; montane, upper montane, and subalpine. Continent: Northern America and Southern America. Checklist records: Bolivia, Mexico, Sonoran Desert, Tunisia, and Venezuela.

Ecology: Biotroph; lichenized; lignicolous.

Thallus: Foliose, subdivided into main parts, sub irregular, dispersed throughout and distinctly seperate, lobed; lobes elongate, horizontal; concave, subconcave, plane, subconvex, or convex; branches bifacial; not segmented; separate thallus parts (1)-1.5-1.75-2-(2.5) mm wide. Thallus Size and Differentiation: 2-55-8 cm in diameter; main branches basally not constricted; apex rounded. Upper Surface: Grey, plane or subconvex, matt, smooth; not fissurate; not foveate; not convoluted; immaculate; without patches; epruinose; not pseudocyphellate; not wrinkled; eciliate; without hairs; isidiate; isidia central or laminal, cylindrical, concolorous throughout, not paler or darker at the tip; without isidiomorphs; not papillate, not pustulate; not sorediate; not tuberculate; not lobulate. Lower Surface: Present, black, black in the centre, black along the margin; attached by holdfasts; not cyphellate; not wrinkled; rhizinate; rhizines moderately abundant, black, branched, dichotomously branched; not tuberculate.

Hydrochasic Thallus Movement: Not performing hygrochasic thallus movement.

Upper Cortex: Double-layered. Photobiont Layer: Photobiont cells continuous.

Reproduction Strategy: With sexual (and possible asexual) stages. Ascocarps: Apothecioid, forming all across the thallus surface, sparse, .1-2.5-5 mm in diam.. Margin: Smooth, epruinose; not sorediate; not isidiate; without pseudocyphellae pseudocyphellae; not ciliate; not hirsute. Disk: Brown.

Conidiomata: Present; immersed; formed all accross the thallus surface.

Secondary Metabolites: Present; only in the upper part of the cortex, throughout the cortex, or throughout the thallus medulla, atranorin or lecanoric acid.

Spot Tests: Cortex: KC + deep yellow; medulla: K –, C + red or + pink, KC –, PD –.

(report generated 04.Okt.2007)

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