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Flavoparmelia soredians (Nyl.) Hale & Elix

Data Set Maintenance: Data set standard item. Data set author(s): Nash T.H. Data set reviewer(s): Nash T.H.

Nomenclature: Current taxonomic status: accepted. Taxonomic rank: species. Flavoparmelia. Synonyms: Pseudoparmelia soredians (Nyl.) Hale; Parmeliaceae Zenker (1827); Lecanorineae; Lecanorales.

Type Information: Type: Parmelia soredians Nyl.

Taxonomic Literature: Nylander 1872 Hale 1976 Hale & Elix 1986.

Biogeography: Northern hemispheric; Mediterranean and subtropical; coastal. Continent: Africa, Australasia, Europe, and Southern America. Checklist records: Chile, Italy, Mexico, New Zealand, and Sonoran Desert.

Ecology: Biotroph; lichenized; lignicolous or corticolous.

Thallus: Foliose, subdivided into main parts, without secondary parts, sub irregular, continuous throughout, lobed; lobes elongate, horizontal; plane; branches applanate (moderately flattened); bifacial; not segmented; separate thallus parts 2-3.5-5 mm wide. Thallus Size and Differentiation: 6-9-12 cm in diameter; main branches basally not constricted; apex rounded. Upper Surface: Lime green, plane, glossy (shiny), smooth; not fissurate; not foveate; convoluted; immaculate; without patches; epruinose; not pseudocyphellate; not wrinkled; eciliate; without hairs; not isidate; not papillate, not pustulate; sorediate; soralia broad, lemon (citrine), laminal, on wrinkles or on folds, semicapitate, punctiform, prominent, confluent, but not fusing or fusing; not tuberculate; not lobulate. Lower Surface: Present, black, black in the centre, brown along the margin; attached by holdfasts; not cyphellate; not wrinkled; rhizinate; rhizines sparse, with a broad non-rhizinate margin, black, not branched; not tuberculate.

Hydrochasic Thallus Movement: Not performing hygrochasic thallus movement.

Upper Cortex: Double-layered.

Reproduction Strategy: With sexual (and possible asexual) stages. Ascocarps: Apothecioid, forming all across the thallus surface, all across the surface, sparse. Margin: Crenulate, epruinose; not sorediate; not isidiate; without pseudocyphellae pseudocyphellae; not ciliate; not hirsute. Disk: Brown.

Asci: Dehiscence lecanoralean.

Ascospores: c. 8 per ascus.

Conidiomata: Absent resp. not observed.

Secondary Metabolites: Present; only in the upper part of the cortex, throughout the cortex, or throughout the thallus medulla, consalazinic acid or salazinic acid, metabolite(s) of unresolved identity: absent.

Spot Tests: Cortex: KC – medulla: K + yellow changing to red, C –, KC –, PD + red.

(report generated 04.Okt.2007)

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