Botanische Staatssammlung München © 1995–2008
Data remain intellectual property of the data set authors.

Bulbothrix coronata (Fée) Hale

Data Set Maintenance: Data set standard item. Data set author(s): Nash T.H. Data set reviewer(s): Nash T.H. (00-06-09); revised; not to be published after submission.

Nomenclature: Current taxonomic status: accepted or basionymous. Taxonomic rank: species. Bulbothrix. Synonyms: see Hale (1976b); Parmeliaceae Zenker (1827); Lecanorineae; Lecanorales.

Type Information: Type: Parmelia coronata Fée.

Taxonomic Literature: Fee (1824), Hale (1976b).

Biogeography: Northern hemispheric; neotropical; colline and submontane. Continent: Africa, Northern America, and Southern America. Checklist records: Mexico, Sonoran Desert, and United States and Canada (continental).

Ecology: Biotroph; lichenized; corticolous or saxicolous.

Thallus: Foliose, subdivided into main parts, and secondary parts, lobed; lobes sub-elongate or linear (add state 8: irregular;), horizontal; plane; branches bifacial; separate thallus parts.5-2 mm wide. Thallus Size and Differentiation: 3-6 cm in diameter; main branches basally not constricted; apex rounded. Thallus Outline: Margin crenate. Upper Surface: Grey, plane or subconvex, matt, smooth; not fissurate; not foveate; not convoluted; faintly maculate; without patches; epruinose; not pseudocyphellate; not wrinkled; ciliate; cilia marginal; without hairs; not isidate; without isidiomorphs; not papillate, not pustulate; not sorediate; not tuberculate; not lobulate. Lower Surface: Present, black, black in the centre, black along the margin; attached by holdfasts; not cyphellate; not wrinkled; rhizines moderately abundant or abundant, extending all across the lower surface, black, branched, irregularly branched; not tuberculate.

Hydrochasic Thallus Movement: Not performing hygrochasic thallus movement.

Upper Cortex: Double-layered.

Reproduction Strategy: Usually with sexual (and possible asexual) stages. Ascocarps: Apothecioid, forming all across the thallus surface, all across the surface, moderately abundant, 1-3 mm in diam.. Margin: Crenulate, epruinose; not sorediate; not isidiate; without pseudocyphellae pseudocyphellae; not ciliate; not hirsute. Disk: Brown.

Asci: Dehiscence lecanoralean.

Ascospores: c. 8 per ascus, broadly ellipsoid, 6-8 µm long, 5 µm wide.

Conidiomata: Absent resp. not observed.

Secondary Metabolites: Present; only in the upper part of the cortex, throughout the cortex, or throughout the thallus medulla, atranorin (in upper cortex (+ chloroatranorin; + gyrophoric acid in the medulla)), chloroatranorin, or gyrophoric acid, metabolite(s) of unresolved identity: absent.

Spot Tests: Cortex: KC + deep yellow; medulla: K –, C + red, KC + red, PD –.

(report generated 04.Okt.2007)

In case that additional characters and states are required to be included in this data set, consult the LIAS Instructions to Participants and follow the procedures described there.