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Bryoria chalybeiformis (L.) Brodo & D. Hawksw.

Data Set Maintenance: Data set compiled (from Sonoran Desert Flora Vol. 1). Data set author(s): Bungartz F. @EXCL@ Clerc, P. (02-04-10). Data set to be published after submission; February 2002.

Nomenclature: Current taxonomic status: accepted. Taxonomic rank: species. Currently accepted name Bryoria chalybeiformis (L.) Brodo & Hawksw. Bryoria. Synonyms: Alectoria chalybeiformis (L.) Gray; Parmeliaceae Zenker (1827); Lecanorineae; Lecanorales.

Type Information: Basionym: Lichen chalybeiformis L. Type: Bryoria chalybeiformis (L.) Brodo & Hawksw.

Taxonomic Literature: Brodo & D. Hawksw., Opera Bot. 42: 81 (1977).

Biogeography: Northern hemispheric; arctic (circumpolar, aparently bipolar), subarctic, boreal, subantarctic, and antarctic; montane, upper montane, and subalpine. Continent: Northern America. Checklist records: Sonoran Desert and United States and Canada (continental).

Ecology: Biotroph; lichenized; terricolous, occasionally lignicolous, or saxicolous (on granite in Arizona); growing sun-exposed, under conditions which are dry or moist.

Lichen Photobionts: Primary photobiont present; chlorococcal. Primary photobiont taxonomy: Trebouxia; Trebouxiaceae; Trebouxiales.

Thallus: Fruticose, subdivided into main or not subdivided (branches) parts, and secondary (branchlets) parts, isotomic-dichotomous or anisotomic-dichotomous (towards the tips); lobes elongate or linear; erect; branches terete (most branches) or occasionally applanate (moderately flattened); separate thallus parts (.3)-.5-1-(2) mm wide. Thallus Size and Differentiation: 8-15-(20) cm long. Thallus Outline: Irregular. Upper Surface: Black (olive), brown, olive, or dark brown, usually glossy (shiny), smooth; foveate; not pseudocyphellate; wrinkled (twisted and folded (foveolate)); not isidate; with isidiomorphs (true spinules absent, but often with spinulose lateral branches); not sorediate or sorediate (but sparse); soralia laminal, eroding from the tip of tubercles, isidiate (occasionally spinulose). Lower Surface: Absent.

Reproduction Strategy: Only known as sterile, asexually reproducing form or with sexual (and possible asexual) stages (unknown).

Conidiomata: Absent resp. not observed or present (unknown).

Secondary Metabolites: Present; in soredia (or soralia), fumarprotocetraric acid.

Spot Tests: Cortex: KC –, C –, KC –, PD – medulla: K –, C –, KC –, PD –.

UV-Fluorescence: Upper thallus surface – (negative).

(report generated 04.Okt.2007)

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