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Carbonea inactiva (Zahlbr.) Hertel

Data Set Maintenance: Data set standard item. Data set author(s): Knoph J.-G., Rambold G. & Triebel D. (94-07-19). Data set reviewer(s): Kainz C. (00-11-15); to be published after submission; 94-07-19.

Nomenclature: Current taxonomic status: accepted. Taxonomic rank: species. Carbonea. Lecanoraceae Körb. (1855).

Type Information: Basionym: Lecidea inactiva Zahlbr. in Skottsberg.

Taxonomic Literature: Knoph et al. in ed., Zahlbruckner (1925: 598).

Biogeography: Continent: Southern America (only known from Juan Fernandez Islands).

Ecology: Biotroph; lichenized; substrate non-calciferous.

Thallus: Crustose, granular, rimose, or areolate (primarily areolate); separate thallus parts thin (0.3 - 1.3 mm). Thallus Outline: Persistent. Upper Surface: Verrucose, white or brownish yellow; special structures absent. Lower Surface: Special structures present:

Reproduction Strategy: With sexual (and possible asexual) stages. Ascocarps: Slightly constricted at the base, .3-.6 mm in diam.. Margin: Persistent (mostly), distinct to prominent. Disk: Plane, black, epruinose, without an umbo. Exciple: Black, green, or brown. Parathecium (proper excipulum): Dark green or dark dark brown. Amphithecium (thalline excipulum): Present; 20-30 µm wide. Epithecium: Apical cells distinctly swollen, black, brown, or olive. Hymenium: White. Hypothecium: White.

Ascospores: Ellipsoid, 10-10.1-13 µm long, 4.5-5.4-6 µm wide; septa absent.

Secondary Metabolites: 2'-O-methylperlatolic acid, atranorin, or hopane-6a,22-diol.

(report generated 04.Okt.2007)

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