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Carbonea hertelii Knoph

Data Set Maintenance: Data set standard item; reviewer(s): Kainz C. (00-06-30).

Nomenclature: Current taxonomic status: basionymous or accepted. Taxonomic rank: species. Carbonea. Lecanoraceae Körb. (1855).

Taxonomic Literature: Knoph J.-G., Mycotaxon 72: 97-100 (1999).

Biogeography: Continent: Southern America.

Ecology: Biotroph; lichenized; corticolous (of dead Espeletia lutescens).

Thallus: Rimose or areolate (primarily areolate), bullate (sometimes); separate thallus parts thick (up to 0.5 mm). Upper Surface: White.

Medulla: Iodine reaction in Lugol's solution negative.

Reproduction Strategy: With sexual (and possible asexual) stages. Ascocarps: Slightly constricted at the base, .5-.7 mm in diam.. Margin: Persistent (mostly), distinct. Disk: Plane to slightly weakly convex, black, epruinose. Amphithecium (thalline excipulum): Present; 15 µm wide. Epithecium: Apical cells distinctly swollen. Hymenium: White. Hypothecium: Pale brownish yellow.

Ascospores: Ellipsoid, 11.5-13.9-16 µm long, 6-6.9-7.5 µm wide.

Conidiomata: Immersed or adnate.

Conidia: Filiform; 15-20 µm long.

Secondary Metabolites: Atranorin (traces of).

(report generated 04.Okt.2007)

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