Botanische Staatssammlung München © 1995–2008
Data remain intellectual property of the data set authors.

Carbonea cyanosarca (Zahlbr.) Knoph & Rambold

Data Set Maintenance: Data set standard item. Data set author(s): Knoph J.-G., Rambold G. & Triebel D. (94-07-19). Data set reviewer(s): Kainz C. (00-11-15); to be published after submission; 94-07-19.

Nomenclature: Current taxonomic status: accepted. Taxonomic rank: species. Carbonea. Synonyms: Lecidella cyanosarca (Zahlbr.) Hertel; Lecidea cyanosarca Zahlbr. f. superfusa Zahlbr. in Skottsberg; Lecanoraceae Körb. (1855).

Type Information: Basionym: Lecidea cyanosarca Zahlbr.

Taxonomic Literature: Knoph et al. in ed., Hertel (1971b: 254-255), Zahlbruckner (1924: 359).

Biogeography: Continent: Southern America (only known from Juan Fernandez Islands).

Ecology: Biotroph; lichenized; substrate non-calciferous.

Thallus: Crustose, not subdivided parts, rimose or areolate (primarily areolate); separate thallus parts thick (up to 2.5 mm). Thallus Outline: Lobed; soon disappearing. Upper Surface: White or brownish yellow, rough; special structures absent. Lower Surface: Special structures present:

Reproduction Strategy: With sexual (and possible asexual) stages. Ascocarps: Not emerging, 1 mm in diam.. Margin: Excluded, distinct to prominent or indistinct. Disk: Plane to weakly convex, black, epruinose, without an umbo. Exciple: Black, green, or brown. Parathecium (proper excipulum): Brown or dark brown. Amphithecium (thalline excipulum): Present; 10-15 µm wide. Epithecium: Apical cells black, green, or turquoise. Hymenium: White. Hypothecium: Pale brown, brownish yellow, or brownish red.

Ascospores: Ellipsoid, 8-9.7-11 µm long, 5-6-8 µm wide; septa absent.

Conidia: 8-9 µm long.

Secondary Metabolites: 2'-O-methylperlatolic acid, confluentic acid, hopane-6a,22-diol, isoarthothelin (= 2,5,7-trichloronorlichexanthone), or norlichexanthone.

(report generated 04.Okt.2007)

In case that additional characters and states are required to be included in this data set, consult the LIAS Instructions to Participants and follow the procedures described there.