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Carbonea capsulata (C. W. Dodge & G. E. Baker) Hale

Data Set Maintenance: Data set standard item. Data set author(s): Knoph J.-G., Rambold G. & Triebel D. (00-08-16). Data set reviewer(s): Kainz C. (00-11-15).

Nomenclature: Current taxonomic status: accepted. Taxonomic rank: species. Carbonea. Synonyms: Lecidea oroantarctica Øvstedal; Lecanoraceae Körb. (1855).

Type Information: Basionym: Lecidea capsulata C.W.Dodge & G.E.Baker.

Taxonomic Literature: Knoph et al. in ed., Dodge & Baker (1938: 533-534); Hale (1987: 279-281); Hertel (1988: 68); Øvstedal (1986: 67-68 - sub 'Lecidea' oroantarctica).

Biogeography: Continent: Antarctica.

Ecology: Biotroph; lichenized.

Thallus: Crustose, granular or areolate (primarily areolate) (substipitate); separate thallus parts thin (up to 1 mm). Upper Surface: Red (sporadically; rusty), white, or grey-yellow.

Reproduction Strategy: With sexual (and possible asexual) stages. Ascocarps: Slightly constricted at the base, .2-.4 mm in diam.. Margin: Smooth, persistent (mostly), distinct. Disk: Plane, black, epruinose. Parathecium (proper excipulum): Dark brown. Amphithecium (thalline excipulum): Present; 20-40 µm wide. Epithecium: Apical cells distinctly swollen, turquoise. Hymenium: White or pale aeruginose. Hypothecium: Dark brown or white.

Ascospores: Ellipsoid or oblong-obtuse, 7-9.25-12 µm long, 3.5-4.3-5 µm wide.

Conidiomata: Immersed.

Conidia: Filiform; 16-26 µm long.

Secondary Metabolites: Norstictic acid (in one specimen detected).

(report generated 04.Okt.2007)

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