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Neofuscelia Essl. (1978)

Data Set Maintenance: Data set standard item. Data set author(s): Rambold G. Data set reviewer(s): Scholz P. (02-05-15); not revised; to be published after submission.

Nomenclature: Current taxonomic status: accepted or basionymous. Taxonomic rank: genus. Number of known taxa within this rank: 100 (A. Aptroot 99-09-27). Neofuscelia. Parmeliaceae Zenker (1827); Lecanorineae; Lecanorales.

Type Information: Type: Neofuscelia pulla (Ach.) Essl.

Taxonomic Literature: Elix J.A., Bryologist 96: 359-383 (1993); Esslinger T.L., J. Hattori

Bot. Lab. 42: 1-211 (1977); Esslinger T.L., Mycotaxon 7: 45-54

(1978); Esslinger T.L. in: Nash T.H. III et al. (eds) Lichen Flora
of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region vol. 1, 289-295, Tempe (2002);
Esslinger T.L., Barbero M. & Llimona X., Bryologist 96:
(1993); Galloway D.J., Flora of New Zealand. Lichens: 1-662
312] (1985); Henssen A & Titze S., Lichenologist 24: 203-213

(1992); Krug J.C. & Sang S. in: Daniels F.J.A., Schulz M. &

Peine J. (eds), Flechten Follmann: 263-271, Cologne (1995); Rambold

G. & Triebel D., Biblioth. Lichenol. 48: 1-201 [114] (1992);
V.J. & Manrique E. in: Daniels F.J.A., Schulz M. &
Peine J.
(eds), Flechten Follmann: 301-316, Cologne (1995).

Biogeography: Checklist records: Austria, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, New Zealand, Sonoran Desert, Sweden and Norway, United States and Canada (continental), Namibia, and Republic of South Africa.

Ecology: Biotroph; lichenized or lichenicolous; terricolous, lignicolous, or corticolous (very rare on wood and bark); substrate non-calciferous.

Lichen Photobionts: Primary photobiont present; chlorococcal. Primary photobiont taxonomy: Trebouxia (A. Beck 22-05-97); Trebouxiaceae; Trebouxiales, Trebouxiophyceae, Eukariota. Secondary photobiont absent.

Thallus: Crustose or foliose, not subdivided parts, squamulose, lobed. Thallus Outline: Soon disappearing. Upper Surface: Greenish black or brown; special structures absent or present:; not pseudocyphellate; eciliate; without hairs; not isidate or isidiate; not sorediate (but soredioid masses from fragmenting isidia); not cephalodiate; not lobulate; without granules granules, without thalloconidia thalloconidia. Lower Surface: Attached by holdfasts; special structures absent or present:; not pseudocyphellate; not cyphellate; not rhizinate or rhizinate; without thalloconidia thalloconidia; not cavernulate; not tomentose.

Reproduction Strategy: Only known as sterile, asexually reproducing form or with sexual (and possible asexual) stages. Ascocarps: Apothecioid, orbicular, forming all across the thallus surface, soon sessile. Margin: Prominent; external filaments absent. Exciple: Grey or white. Periphyses: Absent. Epithecium: Apical cells brown or brownish yellow. Interascal Hyphae: Present, scarcely branched, not or scarcely anastomosed. Hypothecium: White.

Asci: Tholus thickened, amyloid, with non-amyloid wide axial body and divergent amyloid flanks towards apex; dehiscence lecanoralean.

Ascospores: c. 8 per ascus, almost globose, broadly ellipsoid, or ellipsoid, 6-13 µm long, 3-7 µm wide, obtuse; septa absent; wall thin, not thickened at the septum, hyaline, in Lugol's Solution negative, wall not ornamented.

Conidiomata: Absent resp. not observed or present; pycnidial; immersed, formed all accross the thallus surface.

Conidia: Fusiform, bifusiform, or bacilliform.

Secondary Metabolites: Present (unidentified brown pigments), of the following substance class(es): orcinol depsides, orcinol depsidones, ß-orcinol depsides, ß-orcinol depsidones, (higher) aliphatic acids, or amino acid derivatives.

(report generated 04.Okt.2007)

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