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Microcalicium Vain. (1927)

Data Set Maintenance: Data set standard item. Data set author(s): Triebel D. Data set reviewer(s): Triebel D. (99-02-12); revised; to be published after submission.

Nomenclature: Current taxonomic status: accepted or basionymous. Taxonomic rank: genus. Number of known taxa within this rank: 4. Microcalicium. Microcaliciaceae Tibell (1984); of unknown placement (incertae sedis).

Type Information: Type: Microcalicium disseminatum (Ach.) Vain.

Taxonomic Literature: Clauzade G. & Roux C., Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest, N.S. 7: 1-893 [519] (1985); Galloway D.J., Flora of New Zealand. Lichens: 1-662 [293-295] (1985); Hawksworth D.L., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 9(1): 1-98 [41-44] (1981); Middelborg J. & Mattsson J., Sommerfeltia 5: 1-70 [57-61] (1987); Poelt J. & Vezda A., Biblioth. Lichenol. 16: 1-390 [212-213] (1981); Purvis O.W. in: Purvis O.W., Coppins B.J., Hawksworth D.L., James P.W. & Moore D.M. (eds), The lichen flora of Great Britain and Ireland: 1-710 [384-385] (1992); Santesson R., The lichens and lichenicolous fungi of Sweden and Norway, Lund: 1-240 [140-141] (1993); Tibell L., Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 74: 55-69 (1980); Tibell L., Bot. Notiser 131: 229-246 (1978); Tibell L. in: Hertel H. & Oberwinkler F. (eds), Beih. Nova Hedwigia 79: 597-713 (1984); Tibell L. in: Tibell L. & Hedberg, I. (eds), Symb. Bot. Upsal. 32(1): 291-322 (1997); Tibell L., Biblioth. Lichenol. 71: 1-107 [98-102] (1998).

Biogeography: Checklist records: Austria, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Sonoran Desert, Sweden and Norway, New Zealand, and United States and Canada (continental).

Ecology: Biotroph or saprobic; algicolous or lichenicolous; terricolous, lignicolous, or corticolous; substrate non-calciferous.

Lichen Photobionts: Primary photobiont absent. Secondary photobiont absent.

Thallus: Indistinct.

Reproduction Strategy: Only known as sterile, asexually reproducing form or with sexual (and possible asexual) stages. Ascocarps: Apothecioid, orbicular, soon sessile to stipitate. Margin: Indistinct to prominent; external filaments absent. Exciple: Black, brown, green, olive, or red. Epithecium: Apical cells orange. Hymenium: Mazaedioid. Interascal Hyphae: Absent or present, scarcely branched to distinctly branched, not or scarcely anastomosed to distinctly anastomosed.

Asci: Tholus not thickened; dehiscence prototunicate.

Ascospores: Ellipsoid, broadly ellipsoid, oblong, cylindrical, or oblong-obtuse, 5.5-15 µm long, 1.5-4.5 µm wide, obtuse; septa present; transversally septate, 1-7-transversally septate; wall not thickened at the septum, dark brown, in Lugol's Solution negative, wall ornamented.

Conidiomata: Absent resp. not observed or present; pycnidial; sessile.

Conidiogeneous Cells: Apical. Conidia: Globose or bacilliform.

Secondary Metabolites: Not detected.

(report generated 04.Okt.2007)

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