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Lichinella Nyl. (1873)

Data Set Maintenance: Data set standard item. Data set author(s): Rambold G. Data set reviewer(s): Scholz P. (06-06-12); not revised; to be published after submission.

Nomenclature: Current taxonomic status: accepted or basionymous. Taxonomic rank: genus. Number of known taxa within this rank: 11. Lichinella. Synonyms: Gonohymenia §§§ Lichinaceae Nyl. (1854); Lichinales.

Type Information: Type: Lichinella stipatula Nyl.

Taxonomic Literature: Brusse F.A., Bothalia 17: 35-37 (1987) - sub Gonohymenia; Chelidze N.V., Ukrains'k Bot. Zhurn. 27: 104-105 (1970) - sub Gonohymenia; Clauzade G. & Roux C., Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest N.S. - Numero Special 7: 1-893 [371-381, 502-503] (1985) - p. pte. sub Gonohymenia; Galloway D.J., Flora of New Zealand Lichens: i-lxxiii, 1-662 [171-181, 255], Wellington (1985) - p. pte. sub Gonohymenia; Galun M. & Marton K., Bryologist 73: 378-380 (1970) - sub Gonohymenia; Harada H. & Henssen A., Lichenologist 19: 289-293 (1987); Henssen A., Symb. Bot. Upsal. 18: 1-123 [71-75] (1963); Henssen A., Bryologist 73: 617-623 (1970) - sub Gonohymenia; Henssen A., Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges. 92: 483-506 (1980) ['1979'] - sub Gonohymenia; Henssen A., Büdel B. & Nash III T.H., Bryologist 88: 285-292 (1985); Henssen A. & Jørgensen P.M., Lichenologist 22: 137-147 (1990) - sub Gonohymenia; Kondratyuk S.Y.A. & Zelenko S.D., Ukrayins'k. Bot. Zhurn. 59(5): 598-607 (2002); Lange O.L., Nova Hedwigia 3: 361-366 (1961) - sub Gonohymenia; Lange O.L., Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Gesell. 71(7): 293-303 (1958) - sub Gonohymenia; Moreno P.P. & Egea J.M., Cryptog. Bryol. Lichénol. 13(3): 237-260 (1992); Poelt J., Bestimmungsschlüssel Europäischer Flechten: 1-757 [299-300] (1969) - sub Gonohymenia.

Biogeography: Checklist records: Austria, Germany, Italy, New Zealand, Sonoran Desert, Sweden and Norway, and United States and Canada (continental).

Ecology: Biotroph; lichenized; substrate non-calciferous or calciferous.

Lichen Photobionts: Primary photobiont present; cyanobacterial. Primary photobiont taxonomy: Chroococcidiopsis and Gloeocapsa (A. Beck 19-05-97); Microcystaceae and Xenococcaceae; Chroococcales, Cyanobacteria, Prokaryota. Secondary photobiont absent.

Thallus: Crustose, foliose, or fruticose, not subdivided parts, squamulose or subfruticose. Upper Surface: Grey, black, or green; special structures absent. Lower Surface: Attached by the whole lower surface or attached by holdfasts; special structures absent.

Reproduction Strategy: Only known as sterile, asexually reproducing form or with sexual (and possible asexual) stages. Ascocarps: Apothecioid, orbicular, forming all across the thallus surface, directly at the tip of the thallus parts, not emerging, soon sessile. Margin: Prominent; external filaments absent. Periphyses: Absent. Interascal Hyphae: Present?, scarcely branched or distinctly branched, not or scarcely anastomosed.

Ascospores: c. 8, 12-16, 16-32, or more than 32 per ascus, globose, ellipsoid, broadly ellipsoid, or oblong, 4-20 µm long, 2-10 µm wide, obtuse; septa absent; wall thin, not thickened at the septum, hyaline, in Lugol's Solution negative, wall not ornamented.

Conidiomata: Absent resp. not observed or present; pycnidial; formed all accross the thallus surface or along the thallus periphery.

Conidiogeneous Cells: Apical. Conidia: Bacilliform.

Secondary Metabolites: Not detected.

(report generated 04.Okt.2007)

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