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Capronia Sacc. (1883)

Data Set Maintenance: Data set standard item. Data set author(s): Triebel D. Data set reviewer(s): Scholz P. (06-06-12, 06-08-02, 06-12-18) and Triebel D. (99-02-12; 00-06-12); revised; to be published after submission.

Nomenclature: Current taxonomic status: accepted or basionymous. Taxonomic rank: genus. Number of known taxa within this rank: 30. Capronia. Herpotrichiellaceae Munk (1953); Dothideales.

Type Information: Type: Capronia sexdecemspora (Cooke) Sacc.

Taxonomic Literature: Aptroot A., Diederich P., Sérusiaux E. & Sipman H.J.M., Biblioth. Lichenol. 62: 1-220 [45-47] (1997); Braun U. & Feiler U., Microbiol. Res. 150: 81-91 (1995); Eriksson O.E., The non lichenized pyrenomycetes of Sweden, Lund: 1-208 [7, 24] (1992); Eriksson O.E. & Hawksworth D.L., Syst. Ascomycetum 6: 111-165 [120] (1987); Etayo J., Bull. Soc. Linn. Provençe 47: 111-121 [113-114] (1996); Etayo J., Biblioth. Lichenol. 84: 1-154 [35-39] (2002); Etayo J.. Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 60(1): 19-25 (2003); Etayo J. & van den Boom P.P.G., Herzogia 19: 191-197 [193-194] (2006); Etayo J. & Diederich P., Bull. Soc. Naturalistes Luxemb. 97: 93-118 [96-97] (1996); Etayo J. & Diederich P., Lichenologist 30(2): 103-120 [104-107] (1998); Hawksworth D.L., Trans. Brit. Mycol. Soc. 74: 363-386 (1980) - sub Herpotrichiella; Haase G., Sonntag L., Melzer-Krick B. & Hoog G.S. de, Stud. Mycol. 43: 80-97 (1999);Hawksworth D.L., Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 46: 391-403 (1990); Kondratyuk S.Y. & Galloway D.J., in: Farkas E., Lücking R. & Wirth V. (eds), Biblioth. Lichenol. 58: 235-244 (1995); Martínez Moreno M.I., Ruzia 15: 1-200 [165-166](1999); Müller E., Petrini O., Fischer P.J., Samuels G.J.
& Rossman A.Y., Trans Brit. Mycol. Soc. 88: 63-74 (1987); Nograsek A., Biblioth. Mycol. 133: 1-271 [102-106] (1990); Réblová, M., Czech Mycol. 49: 77-83 (1996); Untereiner W.A., Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 68: 3-17 (1995); Untereiner W.A., Gerrits van den Ende A.H.G. & Hoog G.S. de, Stud. Mycol. 43: 98-106 (1999); Untereiner W.A., Straus N.A. & Malloch D., Mycol. Res. 99(8): 897-913 (1995).

Biogeography: Checklist records: Germany, Great Britain, New Guinea, New Zealand, Sweden and Norway, and United States and Canada (continental).

Ecology: Saprobic (on stems of Saxifraga) or biotroph; lichenized, lichenicolous, or fungicolous; terricolous, lignicolous, corticolous, or epiphyllous; substrate non-calciferous.

Lichen Photobionts: Primary photobiont absent. Secondary photobiont absent.

Thallus: Indistinct.

Reproduction Strategy: Only known as sterile, asexually reproducing form or with sexual (and possible asexual) stages. Ascocarps: Perithecioid, orbicular, not emerging, becoming adnate to soon sessile, stromatic. Margin: External filaments present. Exciple: Black, red, brownish yellow, or brown. Periphyses: Absent or present. Hymenium: Iodine reaction: Lugol’s negative, not hemiamyloid. Interascal Hyphae: Absent. Hypothecium: Black, red, brownish yellow, or brown.

Asci: Tholus thickened, not amyloid; dehiscence bitunicate; exoascus not amyloid, not hemiamyloid.

Ascospores: c. 4 to 16-32 per ascus, ellipsoid, broadly ellipsoid, ovoid, oblong, cylindrical, fusiform, filiform, or curved, 7-29 µm long, 1-14 µm wide, obtuse or aciculate; septa absent or present; transversally septate or both transversally and longitudinally, (0)-1-7-transversally septate; wall thin or thick, distinctly differentiated into primary and secondary wall, not thickened at the septum, hyaline to grey or pale brown or dark brown, in Lugol's Solution negative, wall not ornamented or ornamented.

Conidiomata: Absent resp. not observed or present; hyphomycetous.

Conidia: Globose.

Secondary Metabolites: Not detected.

(report generated 04.Okt.2007)

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