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Botanische Staatssammlung München © 1995–2005
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Go to: Data maintenance    Nomenclature: Taxonomic Hierarchy    Nomenclature: Type Information    Nomenclature: Taxonomic Literature    Biogeography    Ecology    Lichen Photobionts    Thallus Morphology: General Morphology    Thallus Morphology: Thallus Size and Differentiation    Thallus Morphology: Outline    Thallus Morphology: Upper Thallus Surface    Thallus Morphology: Lower Thallus Surface    Thallus Anatomy: Upper Cortex    Thallus Anatomy: Lower Cortex    Reproduction    Ascocarp Morphology: General Ascocarp Morphology    Ascocarp Morphology: Margin    Ascocarp Morphology: Disk    Ascocarp Anatomy: Hymenium    Ascocarp Anatomy: Subhymenium    Ascocarp Anatomy: Asci    Ascocarp Anatomy: Ascospores    Conidioma Morphology    Conidioma Anatomy: Conidia    Chemistry: Secondary Metabolites    Chemistry: Spot Tests    Index of all items of the project


Taxon name:



Data maintenance   back to top

1. Data set source [mandatory] [mandatory character]     2. compiled     3. template     5. standard item
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2. Data set author(s) [mandatory] [mandatory character]     42. Nash T.H.  None selected () ()
3. Data set reviewer(s) [mandatory character]    ()  45. Nash T.H. ()

Nomenclature: Taxonomic Hierarchy   back to top

7. Current taxonomic status    ()  1. accepted ()
8. Taxonomic rank [mandatory] [mandatory character]     2. species  None selected () ()
11. Genus name [mandatory] [mandatory character]     315. Hydrothyria     512. Peltigera     714. Solorina  None selected () ()
12. Synonyms


13. Family name [mandatory] [mandatory character]     93. Peltigeraceae Dumort. (1822)  None selected () ()
15. Order name     9. Lecanorales  None selected () ()

Nomenclature: Type Information   back to top

17. Type [mandatory character]


19. Protologue


20. Type specimen label data



Nomenclature: Taxonomic Literature   back to top

21. Taxonomic notes


22. Taxonomic literature



Biogeography   back to top

23. Hemisphere distribution    ()  1. Northern hemispheric ()
24. Floristic province {= zonal distribution} [mandatory] [mandatory character]     1. holarctic     2. arctic     3. subarctic     4. boreal     5. Mediterranean     6. subtropical     7. pantropical     8. neotropical     9. palaeotropic     10. subantarctic     11. antarctic     14. cosmopolitan
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25. Altitude [mandatory] [mandatory character]     1. coastal     2. colline     3. submontane     4. montane     5. upper montane     6. subalpine     7. alpine
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27. Continent distribution [mandatory] [mandatory character]     1. Africa     2. Antarctica     3. Asia-Temperate     4. Australasia     5. Europe     6. Northern America     7. Southern America     8. Pacific     9. Asia-Tropical
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38. Checklist records [mandatory]     15. Mexico     20. Sonoran Desert     26. United States and Canada (continental)
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Ecology   back to top

45. Substrate preference [mandatory character]    ()  2. bryophytic (on bryophytes) ()
47. Habitat insolation     1. sun-exposed     2. partially shaded     3. fully shaded
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48. Habitat moisture     1. dry     2. moist     3. wet
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50. Substrate     1. inorganic soil     2. organic soil, detritus     3. wood     4. bryophytes     5. bark     6. non-calciferous rock     7. calciferous rock     8. lichens
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53. Rock substrate mineral content     2. calciferous (containing calcites)     3. metalliferous [containing (heavy) metals]     4. gypsiferous (containing gypsum)
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54. Soil substrate organic contents     1. detrital     2. organic     3. inorganic
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55. Soil substrate mineral content     2. calciferous (containing limestone)     4. gypsiferous (containing gypsum)
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Lichen Photobionts   back to top

80. Primary photobiont kind     1. cyanobacterial     2. chlorococcal
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86. Primary photobiont genus     16. Coccomyxa     35. Nostoc
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91. Secondary photobiont presence     1. absent     2. present
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98. Secondary photobiont genus    ()  35. Nostoc ()
101. Secondary photobiont class    ()  1. Cyanobacteria ()
102. Secondary photobiont kingdom    ()  1. Prokaryota ()

Thallus Morphology: General Morphology   back to top

104. Thallus growth form [mandatory character]     2. crustose     3. foliose
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105. Thallus primary subdivision    ()  1. continuous ()
107. Thallus ramification pattern     1. isotomic-dichotomous     2. anisotomic-dichotomous     4. subdichotomous     5. irregular
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108. Crustose growth organization     6. placodioid     7. squamulose     8. subfruticose (minutely fruticose, dactyliform)
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109. Crustose growth structure    ()  2. subsquamulose ()
111. Crustose growth continuity     1. continuous throughout     2. dispersed along the periphery, continuous in the centre     3. dispersed throughout and distinctly seperate
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112. Foliose growth organization    ()  1. lobed ()
114. Foliose lobe outline     1. elongate     3. linear
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116. Foliose lobe orientation     1. horizontal     2. ascending     3. imbricate
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117. Foliose lobe front    ()  2. rounded ()
121. Fruticose branch structure     1. terete     2. subterete     3. applanate (moderately flattened)     4. compressed (strongly flattened)     6. striate
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122. Fruticose branch flattening     1. bifacial     2. unifacial
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126. Thallus parts imbrication     1. not imbricate     2. imbricate
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129. Thallus parts length [categorical]     1. short     2. long
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130. Thallus parts length [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
mm long

131. Thallus parts width [categorical]     1. narrow     2. wide
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132. Thallus parts width [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
mm wide

133. Thallus parts thickness [categorical]     1. thin     2. thick
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134. Thallus parts thickness [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
mm thick


Thallus Morphology: Thallus Size and Differentiation   back to top

151. Overall thallus diameter [categorical]     2. small     3. medium-sized     4. large     5. very large
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152. Overall thallus diameter [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
cm in diameter

159. Thallus apex outline     1. rounded     2. truncate
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Thallus Morphology: Outline   back to top

160. Thallus perimeter outline     1. irregular     2. orbicular
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164. Thallus margin structure     1. entire     3. dentate     4. laciniate     6. undulate     7. isidiate     8. phyllidiate     9. crenulate     10. dissected     11. lobulate     13. crenate
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165. Thallus margin orientation     1. down-turned     2. levelled     3. up-turned
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Thallus Morphology: Upper Thallus Surface   back to top

172. Upper surface colour     4. grey     5. dark gray (= greyish black, blackish grey)     6. black     10. brownish red (= reddish brown)     15. grey-green (= greyish green, greenish gray)     16. brownish green (= greenish brown, incl. olive, olivaceous)     17. bluish green (= greenish blue; incl. aeruginose, turquoise)     18. dark green (= blackish green, greenish black)     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     30. brown     32. grey-brown (= greyish brown, brownish grey)     33. dark brown (= brownish black, blackish brown)
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174. Upper surface curvature     1. plane     2. subconcave     3. concave     4. subconvex     5. convex
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175. Upper surface glossiness     1. matt (opaque, dull)     2. glossy (shiny)     3. vitreous
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176. Upper surface roughness     1. smooth     2. rough
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177. Upper surface texture     2. pulverulaceous     4. erose
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196. Upper surface pruina: presence     1. epruinose     2. pruinose
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197. Upper surface pruina: abundance     1. scarce     2. abundant
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198. Upper surface pruina: colour     2. greyish     8. whitish
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199. Upper surface pruina: distribution     1. continuous     2. patchy
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200. Upper surface pruina: location     1. central     3. peripheral
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225. Upper surface hairs: presence     1. absent     2. present
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227. Upper surface hairs: location     2. apical     3. laminal     5. marginal
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228. Upper surface hairs position    ()  1. on thallus lobes or branches ()
230. Upper surface isidia: presence     1. absent     2. present
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231. Upper surface isidia: location    ()  2. laminal ()
232. Upper surface isidia: position {across the surface}     1. marginal     2. submarginal     3. apical
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235. Upper surface isidia: shape     1. globular     5. cylindrical     6. clavate     7. spathulate
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238. Upper surface isidia: ramification pattern     1. sparse     2. coralloid     3. moderate
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252. Upper surface soralia: presence     1. absent     2. present
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255. Upper surface soralia: colour     2. white     14. pale green (= greenish white, whitish green)     25. pale yellow (= whitish yellow, yellowish white, incl. lemon, citrine)     31. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)
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256. Upper surface soralia: location     2. laminal     3. subperipheral     4. peripheral
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259. Upper surface soralia: shape     1. semicapitate     2. capitate     6. maculiform
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260. Upper surface soralia: outline    ()  1. erose (diffuse, unspecific) ()
262. Upper surface soralia: excavation    ()  2. fully excavated ()
264. Upper surface soralia: differentiation     2. confluent (but not fusing)     3. fusing
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271. Upper surface tubercles: presence     1. absent     2. present
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272. Upper surface tubercles: size [categorical]     1. very small     2. small     3. large
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274. Upper surface tubercles: colour     18. dark green (= blackish green, greenish black)     33. dark brown (= brownish black, blackish brown)
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275. Upper surface cephalodia: presence     1. absent     2. present
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277. Upper surface schizidia: presence     1. absent     2. present
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278. Upper surface lobules: presence     1. absent     2. present
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279. Upper surface granules: presence     1. absent     2. present
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Thallus Morphology: Lower Thallus Surface   back to top

282. Lower surface overall colour     2. white     6. black     10. brownish red (= reddish brown)     15. grey-green (= greyish green, greenish gray)     16. brownish green (= greenish brown, incl. olive, olivaceous)     17. bluish green (= greenish blue; incl. aeruginose, turquoise)     18. dark green (= blackish green, greenish black)     22. brownish blue (= bluish brown)     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     30. brown     31. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)     32. grey-brown (= greyish brown, brownish grey)
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285. Lower surface attachment extent     2. loosely attached     3. firmly attached
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286. Lower surface attachment kind     1. by the whole lower surface     2. by holdfasts
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300. Lower surface rhizines: presence     1. absent     2. present (rhizinate)
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302. Lower surface rhizines: abundance     1. sparse     2. moderately abundant
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307. Lower surface rhizines: colour     2. white     4. grey     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     30. brown     31. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)
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326. Lower surface tomentum: presence     1. absent     2. present
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Thallus Anatomy: Upper Cortex   back to top

329. Upper cortex: presence     1. absent     2. present
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332. Upper cortex height [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm high

335. Upper cortex paraplectenchyma type    ()  1. textura globularis ()
337. Upper cortex hyphal orientation    ()  2. anticlinal ()
339. Upper cortex hyphal cell structure    ()  1. chondroid ()
342. Upper cortex hyphal cell strands     1. conical hyphal cell strands penetrating the photobiont layer     3. without distinct strands of hyphae
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367. Upper cortex outer layer: structure     1. prosoplectenchymatous     2. paraplectenchymatous     3. scleroplectenchymatous
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371. Upper cortex inner layer: structure     1. prosoplectenchymatous     2. paraplectenchymatous     3. scleroplectenchymatous
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Thallus Anatomy: Lower Cortex   back to top

400. Lower cortex height [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm thick


Reproduction   back to top

414. Ascomata presence [mandatory] [mandatory character]     1. absent     2. present
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Ascocarp Morphology: General Ascocarp Morphology   back to top

420. Ascocarp outline     1. orbicular     2. lingulate     3. irregular
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421. Ascocarp location {on main thallus}     1. central     2. laminal     3. subperipheral     4. peripheral
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424. Ascocarp position {on primary thallus parts}     5. subterminal     6. terminal
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428. Ascocarp emergence    ()  1. not emerging (immersed, e.g., cryptolecanorine, cryptolecideine, aspicilioid) ()
429. Ascocarp attachment     1. adnate (semi-immersed)     2. sessile     3. substipitate
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431. Ascocarp abundance [categorical]     1. sparse     2. moderately abundant     3. abundant
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438. {orbicular} ascocarp diameter [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
mm in diam.


Ascocarp Morphology: Margin   back to top

448. Ascocarp margin: structure     4. crenulate     5. granulose     6. scabrose
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449. Ascocarp margin: roughness    ()  1. smooth ()
463. Ascocarp margin: soredia    ()  2. present (sorediate) ()
464. Ascocarp margin: isidia     1. absent     2. present (isidiate)
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467. Ascocarp margin: hairs     1. absent     2. present (hirsute)
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Ascocarp Morphology: Disk   back to top

491. Ascocarp disk: pruina presence     1. absent     2. present
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493. Ascocarp disk: pruina colour     1. white     7. pale grey (= whitish grey, greyish white)
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Ascocarp Anatomy: Hymenium   back to top

653. Hymenium height [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm high

654. Hymenium pigmentation {in H2O}     16. brownish green (= greenish brown, incl. olive, olivaceous)     25. pale yellow (= whitish yellow, yellowish white, incl. lemon, citrine)     26. grey-yellow (= greyish yellow, yellowish grey)     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     31. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)
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Ascocarp Anatomy: Subhymenium   back to top

684. Subhymenium height [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm high


Ascocarp Anatomy: Asci   back to top

751. Ascus shape     1. globose     4. broadly clavate     5. clavate     6. narrowly clavate     7. obclavate     8. cylindrical
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753. Ascus length [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm long

754. Ascus width [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm wide


Ascocarp Anatomy: Ascospores   back to top

784. Ascospore number [categorical]     1. 1–2 per ascus     2. c. 4 per ascus     3. c. 8 per ascus     4. 12-16 per ascus     5. 16-32 per ascus
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786. Ascospore shape     15. acicular     16. fusiform
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787. Ascospore length [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm long

788. Ascospore width [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm wide


Conidioma Morphology   back to top

816. Conidiomata presence [mandatory character]     1. absent     2. present
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818. Conidiomata abundance     1. sparse     2. moderately abundant     3. strongly abundant
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Conidioma Anatomy: Conidia   back to top

873. Conidium shape     11. bacilliform     13. cylindrical
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879. Conidium length [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm long

880. Conidium width [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm wide


Chemistry: Secondary Metabolites   back to top

913. Known secondary metabolites: presence     1. absent     2. present
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915. Known secondary metabolites: name     5. 15a-acetoxyhopan-22-ol     336. gyrophoric acid     345. hopane-15a,22-diol     346. hopane-6a,16b,22-triol     347. hopane-6a,22-diol     348. hopane-6a,7b,22-triol     431. methyl gyrophorate     498. phlebic acid a     499. phlebic acid b     577. tenuiorin
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917. Unknown secondary metabolites: presence     1. absent     2. present
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Chemistry: Spot Tests   back to top

927. Upper surface K reactivity    ()  1. – (negative) ()
928. Upper surface C reactivity     1. –     5. + red
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930. Upper surface KC reactivity     1. –     5. + red
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931. Upper surface PD reactivity    ()  1. – ()

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In case that additional characters and states are required to be included in this data set, consult the LIAS Instructions to Participants and follow the procedures described there.

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