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Botanische Staatssammlung München © 1995–2004
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Go to: Data maintenance    Nomenclature: Taxonomic Hierarchy    Nomenclature: Taxonomic Literature    Biogeography:    Ecology:    Host or Phorophyte Taxonomy:    Thallus Morphology: General Morphology    Thallus Morphology: Outline    Thallus Morphology: Upper Thallus Surface    Thallus Morphology: Lower Thallus Surface    Thallus Anatomy: Upper Cortex    Thallus Anatomy: Medulla    Reproduction:    Ascocarp Morphology: General Ascocarp Morphology    Ascocarp Morphology: Margin    Ascocarp Morphology: Disk    Ascocarp Anatomy: Exciple    Ascocarp Anatomy: Parathecium    Ascocarp Anatomy: General Amphithecium Anatomy    Ascocarp Anatomy: Amphithecial Cortex    Ascocarp Anatomy: Episamma    Ascocarp Anatomy: Epithecium    Ascocarp Anatomy: Hymenium    Ascocarp Anatomy: Hypothecium    Ascocarp Anatomy: Hypothecium Extension    Ascocarp Anatomy: Ascospores    Conidioma Morphology    Conidioma Anatomy: Pycnidia    Conidioma Anatomy: Conidiophores    Conidioma Anatomy: Conidia    Chemistry: Secondary Metabolites    Index of all items of the project


Taxon name:



Data maintenance   back to top

1. Data set source [mandatory] [mandatory character]     3. template     5. standard item
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2. Data set author(s) [mandatory] [mandatory character]     47. Rambold G.     66. Westberg M.  None selected () ()
3. Data set reviewer(s) [mandatory character]    ()  28. Kainz C. ()

Nomenclature: Taxonomic Hierarchy   back to top

7. Current taxonomic status    ()  1. accepted ()
8. Taxonomic rank [mandatory] [mandatory character]     2. species     3. subspecies     4. variety     5. form  None selected () ()
11. Genus name [mandatory] [mandatory character] () ()
13. Family [mandatory] [mandatory character]     22. Candelariaceae Hakul. (1954)  None selected () ()

Nomenclature: Taxonomic Literature   back to top

21. Taxonomic literature



Biogeography:   back to top

27. Continent distribution [mandatory] [mandatory character]     1. Africa     2. Antarctica     3. Asia-Temperate     4. Australasia     5. Europe     6. Northern America     7. Southern America     8. Pacific
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Ecology:   back to top

43. Life habit    ()  2. biotroph (inhabiting living organisms) ()
44. Lifestyle [mandatory] [mandatory character]     4. lichenized (= parasitic and / or mutual symbiotic with photobionts)     5. lichenicolous (= parasitic on lichens)
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45. Substrate preference [mandatory character]     1. terricolous (on soil)     2. bryophytic (on bryophytes)     3. lignicolous (on wood)     4. corticolous (on bark)
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50. Substrate     5. bark     6. non-calciferous rock     7. calciferous rock
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53. Rock substrate mineral content     1. non-calciferous (lacking calcites)     2. calciferous (containing calcites)
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Host or Phorophyte Taxonomy:   back to top

72. Host fungus genus     6. Aspicilia     24. Lecanora     55. Rhizocarpon
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73. Host fungus family     12. Hymeneliaceae     14. Lecanoraceae     30. Rhizocarpaceae
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Thallus Morphology: General Morphology   back to top

104. Thallus growth form [mandatory character]     1. indistinct     2. crustose
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105. Thallus primary subdivision    ()  1. continuous ()
108. Crustose growth organization     2. granular     3. rimose     5. areolate (primarily areolate)     7. squamulose
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109. Crustose growth structure     1. bullate     2. subsquamulose
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133. Thallus parts thickness [categorical]     1. thin     2. thick
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Thallus Morphology: Outline   back to top

161. Thallus perimeter zonation     1. simple     2. zonate     3. lobed     4. arachnoid     5. fimbriate
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162. Thallus perimeter delimitation    ()  1. indistinct ()
168. Primal thallus persistence     1. disappearing     2. persistent
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170. Primal thallus colour     1. black     8. white
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Thallus Morphology: Upper Thallus Surface   back to top

171. Upper surface aspect     1. verrucose     2. verruculose
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172. Upper surface colour     2. white     3. pale grey (= greyish white, whitish grey)     4. grey     6. black     7. red     14. pale green (= greenish white, whitish green)     16. brownish green (= greenish brown, incl. olive, olivaceous)     25. pale yellow (= whitish yellow, yellowish white, incl. lemon, citrine)     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     28. greenish yellow (= yellowish green, incl. lime green)     30. brown     31. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)     32. grey-brown (= greyish brown, brownish grey)     34. orange (= reddish yellow, yellowish red)
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175. Upper surface glossiness     1. matt (opaque, dull)     2. glossy (shiny)
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176. Upper surface roughness     1. smooth     2. rough
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177. Upper surface texture     2. pulverulaceous     3. byssoid
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178. Upper surface special structures: presence    ()  1. absent ()
196. Upper surface pruina: presence    ()  1. epruinose ()
197. Upper surface pruina: abundance     1. scarce     2. abundant
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213. Upper surface wrinkles: presence    ()  2. present ()
252. Upper surface soralia: presence     1. absent     2. present
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254. Upper surface soralia: diameter [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
mm in diam.

255. Upper surface soralia: colour     2. white     4. grey     21. grey-blue (= bluish grey, greyish blue)     24. yellow     28. greenish yellow (= yellowish green, incl. lime green)
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264. Upper surface soralia: differentiation     1. not confluent     2. confluent (but not fusing)     4. spreading
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269. Upper surface soredia: diameter [categorical]     1. grainy (coarse)     2. farinose (fine)
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270. Upper surface soredia: diameter [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm in diam.


Thallus Morphology: Lower Thallus Surface   back to top

287. Lower surface special structures: presence    ()  2. present ()
300. Lower surface rhizines: presence     1. absent     2. present (rhizinate)
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Thallus Anatomy: Upper Cortex   back to top

350. Upper cortex gel presence    ()  2. present ()

Thallus Anatomy: Medulla   back to top

393. Medulla euamyloid reactivity     1. Lugol´s negative     2. Lugol´s positive
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Reproduction:   back to top

414. Ascomata presence [mandatory] [mandatory character]     1. absent     2. present (fertile, thallus with sexual structures)
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Ascocarp Morphology: General Ascocarp Morphology   back to top

428. Ascocarp emergence    ()  1. not emerging (immersed, e.g., cryptolecanorine, cryptolecideine, aspicilioid) ()
429. Ascocarp attachment     1. adnate (semi-immersed)     2. sessile
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430. Ascocarp basis     1. not constricted (flat below)     2. slightly constricted (moderately conical at the base)     3. strongly constricted (strongly conical at the base)
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438. {orbicular} ascocarp diameter [numerical]
Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Unit:
mm in diam.


Ascocarp Morphology: Margin   back to top

447. Ascocarp margin: type     1. lecideine/biatorine     2. lecanorine (incl. zeorine)
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448. Ascocarp margin: structure     4. crenulate     5. granulose     7. verrucose     8. verruculose
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449. Ascocarp margin: roughness     1. smooth     5. rough
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450. Ascocarp margin: outline     1. not flexuose     2. slightly flexuose     3. strongly flexuose
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451. Ascocarp margin: persistency     1. persistent     2. excluded
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452. Ascocarp margin: development     1. indistinct (thin)     2. distinct (moderately thickened)     3. prominent (thick)
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454. Ascocarp margin: pigment distribution     1. brighter than thallus     2. concolourous with thallus     3. darker than thallus
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460. Ascocarp margin: parathecial crown presence     1. absent     2. present
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463. Ascocarp margin: soredia    ()  2. present (sorediate) ()

Ascocarp Morphology: Disk   back to top

487. Ascocarp disk: curvature     2. excavate (concave)     3. plane (expanded)     4. weakly convex     5. strongly convex
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488. Ascocarp disk: colour     6. black     16. brownish green (= greenish brown, incl. olive, olivaceous)     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     30. brown     32. grey-brown (= greyish brown, brownish grey)     33. dark brown (= brownish black, blackish brown)
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491. Ascocarp disk: pruina presence    ()  1. absent ()
492. Ascocarp disk: pruina abundance     1. scarce     2. abundant
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494. Ascocarp umbo presence    ()  1. absent ()
495. Ascocarp umbo abundance    ()  1. occasional ()

Ascocarp Anatomy: Exciple   back to top

504. Ascocarp exciple: pigment carbonization    ()  1. biatorine (not carbonized) ()
505. Ascocarp exciple: layer pigmentation     2. white     4. grey     6. black     11. bluish red (= reddish blue, incl. violet, purple)     13. green     16. brownish green (= greenish brown, incl. olive, olivaceous)     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     30. brown     34. orange (= reddish yellow, yellowish red)
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Ascocarp Anatomy: Parathecium   back to top

510. Parathecium pigmentation     2. white     13. green     18. dark green (= blackish green, greenish black)     25. pale yellow (= whitish yellow, yellowish white, incl. lemon, citrine)     33. dark brown (= brownish black, blackish brown)
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515. Parathecium crystal inspersion    ()  1. not inspersed with crystals ()
516. Parathecium crystal solubility     1. dissolving in 10% KOH     2. not dissolving in 10% KOH
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Ascocarp Anatomy: General Amphithecium Anatomy   back to top

530. Amphithecium presence     1. absent     2. present
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540. Amphithecium width [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm wide

544. Amphithecium inspersion: crystal size    ()  1. small (< 5 µm in diameter) ()
545. Amphithecium inspersion: crystal abundance    ()  2. abundant ()
546. Amphithecium inspersion: crystal solubility     1. not dissolving in 10% KOH     2. dissolving in 10% KOH
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(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )
559. Amphithecial photobiont: abundance     1. absent     2. sparse (eulecanorine)     3. abundant
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Ascocarp Anatomy: Amphithecial Cortex   back to top

566. Amphithecial cortex presence     1. absent     2. present
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567. Amphithecial cortex development     1. indistinct     2. distinct
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568. Amphithecial cortex type     1. pseudocortical     3. eucortical
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572. Amphithecial cortex width [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm wide

573. Amphithecial cortex basal width [categorical]     1. not widened {at the base}     2. widened {at the base}
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574. Amphithecial cortex basal width [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm wide at the base

584. Amphithecial cortex inspersion: type    ()  2. inspersed with oil droplets ()

Ascocarp Anatomy: Episamma   back to top

622. Episamma presence    ()  1. absent ()
626. Episamma solubility    ()  1. dissolving in 10% KOH ()

Ascocarp Anatomy: Epithecium   back to top

633. Epithecial hyphae apical cell: width [categorical]     1. not swollen     2. slightly swollen     3. distinctly swollen
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639. Epithecial hyphae apical cell pigmentation {in H2O}     1. hyaline (translucent)     4. grey     6. black     10. brownish red (= reddish brown)     13. green     16. brownish green (= greenish brown, incl. olive, olivaceous)     17. bluish green (= greenish blue; incl. aeruginose, turquoise)     18. dark green (= blackish green, greenish black)     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     30. brown     33. dark brown (= brownish black, blackish brown)     34. orange (= reddish yellow, yellowish red)
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641. Epithecial hyphae apical cell: pigment solubility {in 10% KOH}     1. insoluble in 10% KOH     2. soluble in 10% KOH
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642. Epithecial hyphae apical cell: pigment reactivity    ()  2. 10% KOH + ()

Ascocarp Anatomy: Hymenium   back to top

654. Hymenium pigmentation {in H2O}     2. white     8. pale red (= reddish white, whitish red, incl. pink, rosé)     14. pale green (= greenish white, whitish green)
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661. Hymenium inspersion: type     1. not inspers     2. inspersed with oil droplets     3. inspersed with crystals
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Ascocarp Anatomy: Hypothecium   back to top

708. Hypothecium pigmentation {in H2O}     2. white     6. black     10. brownish red (= reddish brown)     11. bluish red (= reddish blue, incl. violet, purple)     15. grey-green (= greyish green, greenish gray)     17. bluish green (= greenish blue; incl. aeruginose, turquoise)     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     30. brown     34. orange (= reddish yellow, yellowish red)
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721. Hypothecium inspersion type     1. not inspers     2. inspersed with oil droplets
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Ascocarp Anatomy: Hypothecium Extension   back to top

727. Hypothecial extension presence     1. absent     2. present (differentiated as a separate structure, either as a stalk or stipe)
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Ascocarp Anatomy: Ascospores   back to top

784. Ascospore number [categorical]     3. c. 8 per ascus     4. 12-16 per ascus
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786. Ascospore shape     3. oval     4. ellipsoid     5. broadly ellipsoid     7. obovoid     10. oblong-obtuse     11. oblong     35. allantoid
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787. Ascospore length [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm long

788. Ascospore width [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm wide

790. Ascospore attenuation     1. obtuse     2. aciculate
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792. Ascospore septum presence     1. absent     2. present
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802. Ascospore wall width [categorical]     1. thin     2. thick
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804. Ascospore wall differentiation {visible in the light microscope}    ()  2. distinctly differentiated (into primary and secondary wall) ()
812. Ascospore perispore ornamentation    ()  1. not ornamented (psilate, smooth) ()

Conidioma Morphology   back to top

819. Conidiomata exposure     1. immersed     2. adnate (semi-immersed)
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Conidioma Anatomy: Pycnidia   back to top

833. Pycnidium shape     4. ovoid     15. cerebriform
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Conidioma Anatomy: Conidiophores   back to top

857. Conidiophore type {sensu Vobis, Braun, etc.}     8. Vobis-type II     9. Vobis-type III
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Conidioma Anatomy: Conidia   back to top

873. Conidium shape    ()  17. filiform ()
879. Conidium length [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm long


Chemistry: Secondary Metabolites   back to top

915. Known secondary metabolites: name    ()  244. calycin ()

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Index of all items of the project

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