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Botanische Staatssammlung München © 1995–2005
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Go to: Data maintenance    Nomenclature: Taxonomic Hierarchy    Nomenclature: Type Information    Nomenclature: Taxonomic Literature    Biogeography    Ecology    Lichen Photobionts    Thallus Morphology: General Morphology    Thallus Morphology: Thallus Size and Differentiation    Thallus Morphology: Outline    Thallus Morphology: Upper Thallus Surface    Thallus Morphology: Lower Thallus Surface    Thallus Anatomy: Upper Cortex    Thallus Anatomy: Medulla    Thallus Anatomy: Lower Cortex    Reproduction    Ascocarp Morphology: General Ascocarp Morphology    Ascocarp Morphology: Margin    Ascocarp Morphology: Disk    Ascocarp Anatomy: Exciple    Ascocarp Anatomy: General Amphithecium Anatomy    Ascocarp Anatomy: Episamma    Ascocarp Anatomy: Epithecium    Ascocarp Anatomy: Hymenium    Ascocarp Anatomy: Interascal Hyphae    Ascocarp Anatomy: Subhymenium    Ascocarp Anatomy: Hypothecium    Ascocarp Anatomy: Asci    Ascocarp Anatomy: Ascospores    Conidioma Morphology    Conidioma Anatomy: Pycnidia    Conidioma Anatomy: Conidia    Chemistry: Secondary Metabolites    Chemistry: Spot Tests    Index of all items of the project


Taxon name:



Data maintenance   back to top

1. Data set source [mandatory] [mandatory character]     1. authentic     2. compiled     3. template     4. checklist item     5. standard item
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(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )
2. Data set author(s) [mandatory] [mandatory character]     42. Nash T.H.     52. Schramm R. & Nash T. H.  None selected () ()
3. Data set reviewer(s) [mandatory character]    ()  59. Schramm R. & Nash T.H. ()
4. Data set revision status [mandatory character]     1. not revised     2. revised  None selected () ()
5. Data set publication permission [mandatory character]     1. no     2. yes  None selected () ()
6. Data set publication date



Nomenclature: Taxonomic Hierarchy   back to top

7. Current taxonomic status    ()  1. accepted ()
8. Taxonomic rank [mandatory] [mandatory character]     2. species     3. subspecies     4. variety     5. form  None selected () ()
10. Taxon number
Mean:

11. Genus name [mandatory] [mandatory character] () ()
12. Synonyms


13. Family name [mandatory] [mandatory character]     3. Acarosporaceae Zahlbr. (1906)  None selected () ()
14. Suborder name     2. Acarosporineae  None selected () ()
15. Order name     9. Lecanorales  None selected () ()

Nomenclature: Type Information   back to top

17. Type [mandatory character]


19. Protologue


20. Type specimen label data



Nomenclature: Taxonomic Literature   back to top

21. Taxonomic notes


22. Taxonomic literature



Biogeography   back to top

23. Hemisphere distribution    ()  1. Northern hemispheric ()
24. Floristic province {= zonal distribution} [mandatory] [mandatory character]     1. holarctic     2. arctic     3. subarctic     4. boreal     5. Mediterranean     6. subtropical     7. pantropical     8. neotropical     9. palaeotropic     10. subantarctic     11. antarctic     14. cosmopolitan
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25. Altitude [mandatory] [mandatory character]     1. coastal     2. colline     3. submontane     4. montane     5. upper montane     6. subalpine     7. alpine
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27. Continent distribution [mandatory] [mandatory character]     1. Africa     2. Antarctica     3. Asia-Temperate     4. Australasia     5. Europe     6. Northern America     7. Southern America     8. Pacific     9. Asia-Tropical
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38. Checklist records [mandatory]     15. Mexico     20. Sonoran Desert     26. United States and Canada (continental)
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Ecology   back to top

43. Life habit    ()  2. biotroph (inhabiting living organisms) ()
44. Lifestyle [mandatory] [mandatory character]     4. lichenized (= parasitic and / or mutual symbiotic with photobionts)     5. lichenicolous (= parasitic on lichens)
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45. Substrate preference [mandatory character]     1. terricolous (on soil)     2. bryophytic (on bryophytes)     3. lignicolous (on wood)     4. corticolous (on bark)     6. saxicolous (on rock)
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46. Thallus-substrate interaction     1. endosubstratic     3. episubstratic
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47. Habitat insolation     1. sun-exposed     2. partially shaded     3. fully shaded
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48. Habitat moisture     1. dry     2. moist     3. wet
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53. Rock substrate mineral content     1. non-calciferous (lacking calcites)     2. calciferous (containing calcites)
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Lichen Photobionts   back to top

79. Primary photobiont presence     1. absent     2. present
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80. Primary photobiont kind    ()  2. chlorococcal ()
87. Primary photobiont family    ()  27. Trebouxiaceae ()
91. Secondary photobiont presence    ()  1. absent ()

Thallus Morphology: General Morphology   back to top

104. Thallus growth form [mandatory character]     1. indistinct     2. crustose     3. foliose
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105. Thallus primary subdivision     1. continuous     2. divided
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108. Crustose growth organization     2. granular     3. rimose     5. areolate (primarily areolate)     6. placodioid     7. squamulose     8. subfruticose (minutely fruticose, dactyliform)
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109. Crustose growth structure     1. bullate     2. subsquamulose
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110. Crustose growth aggregation    ()  2. scattered (dispersed) ()
112. Foliose growth organization     1. lobed     2. umbilicate
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114. Foliose lobe outline    ()  1. elongate ()
117. Foliose lobe front     1. angular     2. rounded
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128. Thallus parts distance [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
mm

129. Thallus parts length [categorical]     1. short     2. long
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130. Thallus parts length [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
mm long

131. Thallus parts width [categorical]     1. narrow     2. wide
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132. Thallus parts width [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
mm wide

133. Thallus parts thickness [categorical]     1. thin     2. thick
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134. Thallus parts thickness [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
mm thick


Thallus Morphology: Thallus Size and Differentiation   back to top

151. Overall thallus diameter [categorical]     1. very small     2. small     3. medium-sized
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152. Overall thallus diameter [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
cm in diameter

154. Thallus joints main branch {basal} constriction     1. basally not constricted     2. basally constricted
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155. Thallus joints secondary branch {basal} constriction     1. basally not constricted     2. basally constricted
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157. Thallus apex width [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
mm wide

159. Thallus apex outline     1. rounded     2. truncate
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Thallus Morphology: Outline   back to top

160. Thallus perimeter outline     1. irregular     2. orbicular
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161. Thallus perimeter zonation     1. simple     2. zonate     3. lobed     4. arachnoid     5. fimbriate
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(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )
164. Thallus margin structure     1. entire     3. dentate     4. laciniate     6. undulate     9. crenulate     11. lobulate     13. crenate
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(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )

Thallus Morphology: Upper Thallus Surface   back to top

171. Upper surface aspect     1. verrucose     2. verruculose
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172. Upper surface colour     2. white     24. yellow     28. greenish yellow (= yellowish green, incl. lime green)     30. brown     31. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)
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(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )
174. Upper surface curvature     1. plane     2. subconcave     3. concave     4. subconvex     5. convex
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175. Upper surface glossiness     1. matt (opaque, dull)     2. glossy (shiny)     3. vitreous
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176. Upper surface roughness     1. smooth     2. rough
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(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )
177. Upper surface texture     3. byssoid     4. erose
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196. Upper surface pruina: presence     1. epruinose     2. pruinose
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197. Upper surface pruina: abundance     1. scarce     2. abundant
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(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )
198. Upper surface pruina: colour     2. greyish     8. whitish
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(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )
199. Upper surface pruina: distribution     1. continuous     2. patchy
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(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )
200. Upper surface pruina: location     1. central     3. peripheral
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(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )
230. Upper surface isidia: presence     1. absent     2. present
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(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )
252. Upper surface soralia: presence     1. absent     2. present
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(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )

Thallus Morphology: Lower Thallus Surface   back to top

281. Lower surface presence     1. absent     2. present
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282. Lower surface overall colour     10. brownish red (= reddish brown)     16. brownish green (= greenish brown, incl. olive, olivaceous)     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     31. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)     32. grey-brown (= greyish brown, brownish grey)
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(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )

Thallus Anatomy: Upper Cortex   back to top

332. Upper cortex height [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm high

334. Upper cortex plectenchyma structure     1. prosoplectenchymatous     2. paraplectenchymatous
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(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )
339. Upper cortex hyphal cell structure    ()  1. chondroid ()

Thallus Anatomy: Medulla   back to top

380. Medulla height [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm thick

384. Medulla density     1. compact     2. dense     3. loose     4. very loose, becoming hollow
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(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )
393. Medulla euamyloid reactivity     1. in Lugol's solution negative     2. in Lugol's solution positive
(Select a character state: to add this modifier: )
(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )

Thallus Anatomy: Lower Cortex   back to top

397. Lower cortex presence     1. absent     2. present
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(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )

Reproduction   back to top

414. Ascomata presence [mandatory] [mandatory character]     1. absent     2. present
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(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )

Ascocarp Morphology: General Ascocarp Morphology   back to top

418. Ascocarp structure [mandatory character]     1. apothecioid     2. perithecioid
(Select a character state: to add this modifier: )
(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )
428. Ascocarp emergence    ()  1. not emerging (immersed, e.g., cryptolecanorine, cryptolecideine, aspicilioid) ()
429. Ascocarp attachment     1. adnate (semi-immersed)     2. sessile     3. substipitate
(Select a character state: to add this modifier: )
(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )
432. Ascocarp abundance [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
per thallus

437. Ascocarp size [categorical]     1. small     2. large
(Select a character state: to add this modifier: )
(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )
438. {orbicular} ascocarp diameter [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
mm in diam.


Ascocarp Morphology: Margin   back to top

447. Ascocarp margin: type     1. lecideine/biatorine     2. lecanorine (incl. zeorine)
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(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )
449. Ascocarp margin: roughness     1. smooth     5. rough
(Select a character state: to add this modifier: )
(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )
457. Ascocarp margin: width [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm wide


Ascocarp Morphology: Disk   back to top

487. Ascocarp disk: curvature     1. urceolate (strongly concave)     2. excavate (concave)     3. plane (expanded)     4. weakly convex
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(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )
488. Ascocarp disk: colour     24. yellow     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     30. brown     32. grey-brown (= greyish brown, brownish grey)     33. dark brown (= brownish black, blackish brown)
(Select a character state: to add this modifier: )
(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )
489. Ascocarp disk: exposure     1. not exposed     2. partly exposed     3. fully exposed
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491. Ascocarp disk: pruina presence     1. absent     2. present
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(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )

Ascocarp Anatomy: Exciple   back to top

497. Ascocarp excipulum: plectenchyma structure    ()  2. paraplectenchymatous ()
498. Ascocarp excipulum: hyphal orientation    ()  3. not easily discerned (strongly gelatinized or carbonized) ()
504. Ascocarp excipulum: pigment carbonization     1. biatorine (not carbonized)     2. lecideine (carbonized)
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Ascocarp Anatomy: General Amphithecium Anatomy   back to top

559. Amphithecial photobiont abundance     1. absent     2. sparse (eulecanorine)     3. abundant
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Ascocarp Anatomy: Episamma   back to top

622. Episamma presence     1. absent     2. present
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Ascocarp Anatomy: Epithecium   back to top

627. Epithecium presence     1. absent     2. present
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629. Epithecium height [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm high

630. Epithecial hyphae apical cell: shape     1. simple     2. spathulate     3. subulate
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633. Epithecial hyphae apical cell: width [categorical]     1. not swollen     2. slightly swollen     3. distinctly swollen
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634. Epithecial hyphae apical cell: width [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm wide

639. Epithecial hyphae apical cell pigmentation {in H2O}     1. hyaline (translucent)     10. brownish red (= reddish brown)     16. brownish green (= greenish brown, incl. olive, olivaceous)     26. grey-yellow (= greyish yellow, yellowish grey)     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     28. greenish yellow (= yellowish green, incl. lime green)     31. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)     33. dark brown (= brownish black, blackish brown)
(Select a character state: to add this modifier: )
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641. Epithecial hyphae apical cell: pigment solubility {in 10% KOH}     1. insoluble in 10% KOH     2. soluble in 10% KOH
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642. Epithecial hyphae apical cell: pigment reactivity    ()  2. 10% KOH + ()
645. Epithecial hyphae subapical cell width [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm wide


Ascocarp Anatomy: Hymenium   back to top

653. Hymenium height [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm high

654. Hymenium pigmentation {in H2O}     2. white     3. pale grey (= greyish white, whitish grey)     14. pale green (= greenish white, whitish green)     25. pale yellow (= whitish yellow, yellowish white, incl. lemon, citrine)     31. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)
(Select a character state: to add this modifier: )
(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )
661. Hymenium inspersion: type     1. not inspers     2. inspersed with oil droplets     3. inspersed with crystals
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(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )

Ascocarp Anatomy: Interascal Hyphae   back to top

676. Interascal hyphae ramification     1. scarcely branched     2. distinctly branched
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679. Interascal hyphae cell length [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm long


Ascocarp Anatomy: Subhymenium   back to top

684. Subhymenium height [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm high

699. Subhymenium pigmentation {in H2O}     2. white     3. pale grey (= greyish white, whitish grey)     25. pale yellow (= whitish yellow, yellowish white, incl. lemon, citrine)     31. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)
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(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )

Ascocarp Anatomy: Hypothecium   back to top

707. Hypothecium height [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm high

708. Hypothecium pigmentation {in H2O}     2. white     3. pale grey (= greyish white, whitish grey)     25. pale yellow (= whitish yellow, yellowish white, incl. lemon, citrine)     31. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)
(Select a character state: to add this modifier: )
(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )
716. Hypothecium prosoplectenchyma type     2. serioplectenchymatous     9. dense textura intricata
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717. Hypothecium hyphal orientation     2. anticlinal     3. irregular
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Ascocarp Anatomy: Asci   back to top

751. Ascus shape     1. globose     4. broadly clavate     5. clavate     6. narrowly clavate     7. obclavate     8. cylindrical
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753. Ascus length [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm long

754. Ascus width [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm wide

758. Ascus tholus iodine reactivity     1. Lugol’s negative     2. Lugol’s positive
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761. Ascus tholus amyloidy pattern    ()  3. entirely amyloid throughout ()
769. Ascus dehiscence type    ()  2. lecanoralean ()

Ascocarp Anatomy: Ascospores   back to top

784. Ascospore number [categorical]     5. 16-32 per ascus     6. more than 32 per ascus
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786. Ascospore shape     1. globose     2. subglobose     3. oval     4. ellipsoid     5. broadly ellipsoid
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(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )
787. Ascospore length [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm long

788. Ascospore width [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm wide

792. Ascospore septum presence     1. absent     2. present
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810. Ascospore wall pigmentation    ()  1. hyaline (translucent) ()

Conidioma Morphology   back to top

817. Conidiomata kind    ()  1. pycnidial ()

Conidioma Anatomy: Pycnidia   back to top

833. Pycnidium shape     1. globular     2. subglobular     4. ovoid     6. pyriform
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Conidioma Anatomy: Conidia   back to top

873. Conidium shape     1. globose     2. subglobose     4. ellipsoid     5. broadly ellipsoid
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879. Conidium length [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm long

880. Conidium width [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm wide


Chemistry: Secondary Metabolites   back to top

913. Known secondary metabolites: presence     1. absent     2. present
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915. Known secondary metabolites: name     336. gyrophoric acid     470. norstictic acid     530. rhizocarpic acid     596. vulpinic acid
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916. Known secondary metabolites: substance class     8. orcinol depsides     9. orcinol depsidones     12. pulvinic acid derivatives
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917. Unknown secondary metabolites: presence     1. absent     2. present
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Chemistry: Spot Tests   back to top

927. Upper surface K reactivity    ()  1. – (negative) ()
928. Upper surface C reactivity     1. –     5. + red
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930. Upper surface KC reactivity     1. –     5. + red
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931. Upper surface PD reactivity    ()  1. – ()
937. Medulla K reactivity     1. –     8. + orange
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938. Medulla C reactivity     1. –     5. + red
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940. Medulla KC reactivity    ()  5. + red ()
941. Medulla PD reactivity     1. –     5. + red
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