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Botanische Staatssammlung München © 1995–2005
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Go to: Data maintenance  –  Nomenclature: Taxonomic Hierarchy  –  Nomenclature: Type Information  –  Nomenclature: Taxonomic Literature  –  Biogeography  –  Ecology  –  Host or Phorophyte Taxonomy  –  Lichen Photobionts  –  General Growth Organization  –  Thallus Morphology: General Morphology  –  Thallus Morphology: Primary Thallus Morphology  –  Thallus Morphology: Secondary Thallus Morphology  –  Thallus Morphology: Thallus Differentiation  –  Thallus Morphology: Outline  –  Thallus Morphology: Upper Thallus Surface  –  Thallus Morphology: Lower Thallus Surface  –  Functional Thallus Properties  –  Thallus Anatomy: Upper Cortex  –  Thallus Anatomy: Photobiont Layer  –  Thallus Anatomy: Medulla  –  Thallus Anatomy: Lower Cortex  –  Reproduction  –  Ascocarp Morphology: General Ascocarp Morphology  –  Ascocarp Morphology: Wall  –  Ascocarp Morphology: Margin  –  Ascocarp Morphology: Disk  –  Ascocarp Anatomy: Exciple  –  Ascocarp Anatomy: Parathecium  –  Ascocarp Anatomy: General Amphithecium Anatomy  –  Ascocarp Anatomy: Lower Amphithecium  –  Ascocarp Anatomy: Amphithecial Cortex  –  Ascocarp Anatomy: Amphithecial Medulla  –  Ascocarp Anatomy: Periphyses  –  Ascocarp Anatomy: Episamma  –  Ascocarp Anatomy: Epithecium  –  Ascocarp Anatomy: Hymenium  –  Ascocarp Anatomy: Interascal Hyphae  –  Ascocarp Anatomy: Subhymenium  –  Ascocarp Anatomy: Hypothecium  –  Ascocarp Anatomy: Hypothecium Extension  –  Ascocarp Anatomy: Asci  –  Ascocarp Anatomy: Ascospores  –  Conidioma Morphology  –  Conidioma Anatomy: Pycnidia  –  Conidioma Anatomy: Conidiophores  –  Conidioma Anatomy: Conidiogeneous Cells  –  Conidioma Anatomy: Conidiogenesis  –  Conidioma Anatomy: Conidia  –  Conidioma Anatomy: Microconidia  –  Conidioma Anatomy: Macroconidia  –  Conidioma Anatomy: Diahyphae  –  Chemistry: Secondary Metabolites  –  Chemistry: Spot Tests  –  Chemistry: UV-Fluorescence  –  Notes  –  Index of all items of the project


Taxon name:



Data maintenance   back to top

1. Data set source [mandatory] [mandatory character]     1. authentic     2. compiled     3. template     4. checklist item     5. standard item
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(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )
2. Data set author(s) [mandatory] [mandatory character] () ()
3. Data set reviewer(s) [mandatory character]     1. N.N.     2. Aptroot A.     3. Arup U.     4. Balschmidt L.     5. Beck A.     6. Bungartz F.     7. Calatayud V.     8. Carlin G.     9. Cáceres M.     10. Davydov E.     11. Döbbeler P.     12. Döring H.     13. Egea J.M. & Torrente P.     14. Ekman S.     15. Elix J. A.     16. Esslinger T.     17. Feige G. B.     18. Feuerer T.     19. Gaya E.     20. Grube M.     21. Guderley R.     22. Hauger C.     23. Helms G.     24. Hertel H.     25. Jørgensen P. M.     26. John V.     27. Kalb K.     28. Kainz C.     29. Kärnefelt I.     30. Kasalicky T.     31. Kehl A.     32. Keller C.     33. Kirschbaum U.     34. Knoph J.-G.     35. Koch A.     36. Kondratyuk S.     37. Lücking R.     38. Lumbsch H. T.     39. Lutzoni F.     40. Marbach B.     41. Mattsson J.-E.     42. Matzer M. & Mayrhofer H.     43. May P.     44. Moberg R.     45. Nash T.H.     46. Navarro-Rosinés P.     47. Nimis P. L.     48. Nordin A.     49. Owe-Larsson B.     50. Poelt J.     51. Printzen C.     52. Rambold G.     53. Randlane T.     54. Rico V.     55. Roux C.     56. Ryan B.     57. Scheidegger C.     58. Scholz P.     59. Schramm R. & Nash T.H.     60. Schultz M.     61. Sheard J.     62. Sipman H.     63. Søchting U.     64. Staiger B.     65. Tehler A.     66. Thell A.     67. Tibell L.     68. Timdal E.     69. Triebel D.     70. Verdon D.     71. Wedin M.     72. Zedda L.
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(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )
4. Data set revision status [mandatory character]     1. not revised     2. revised     3. cross-revised  None selected () ()
5. Data set publication permission [mandatory character]     1. no     2. yes  None selected () ()
6. Data set publication date



Nomenclature: Taxonomic Hierarchy   back to top

7. Current taxonomic status     1. accepted     2. basionymous     3. synonymous     4. illegitimate (nomen illegitimum)     5. not effectively published (nomen nudum)
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8. Taxonomic rank [mandatory] [mandatory character] () ()
9. Currently accepted name


10. Taxon number
Lower range: Mean: Upper range:

11. Genus name [mandatory] [mandatory character] () ()
12. Synonyms


13. Family [mandatory] [mandatory character] () ()
14. Suborder () ()
15. Order [mandatory] [mandatory character] () ()

Nomenclature: Type Information   back to top

16. Basionym


17. Type [mandatory character]


18. Kind of type     1. holotype     2. isotype     3. lectotype     4. neotype     5. syntype     6. isolectotype     7. paratype     8. topotype     9. possible type     10. type material of unknown taxonomic status
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19. Protologue


20. Type specimen label data



Nomenclature: Taxonomic Literature   back to top

21. Taxonomic literature


22. Taxonomic notes



Biogeography   back to top

23. Hemisphere distribution     1. Northern hemispheric     2. Southern hemispheric
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24. Floristic province {= zonal distribution} [mandatory] [mandatory character]     1. holarctic     2. arctic     3. subarctic     4. boreal     5. Mediterranean     6. subtropical     7. pantropical     8. neotropical     9. palaeotropic     10. subantarctic     11. antarctic     14. cosmopolitan     15. temperate     16. endemic to
(Select a character state: to add this modifier: )
(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )
25. Altitude [mandatory] [mandatory character]     1. coastal     2. colline     3. submontane     4. montane     5. upper montane     6. subalpine     7. alpine
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26. Oceanity (resp. continentality)     1. maritime     2. oceanic     3. continental
(Select a character state: to add this modifier: )
(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )
27. Continent distribution [mandatory] [mandatory character]     1. Africa     2. Antarctica     3. Asia-Temperate     4. Australasia     5. Europe     6. Northern America     7. Southern America     8. Pacific     9. Asia-Tropical
(Select a character state: to add this modifier: )
(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )
28. Major geographic region     1. Northern Europe     2. Middle Europe     3. South-western Europe     4. South-eastern Europe     5. East Europe     6. Northern Africa     7. Macaronesia (Cape Verde – Canary Islands – Madeira – Azores)     8. Western Tropical Africa     9. West-Central Tropical Africa     10. North-eastern Tropical Africa     11. Eastern Tropical Africa     12. Southern Tropical Africa     13. Southern Africa     14. Middle Atlantic Islands     15. Western Indian Islands     16. Siberia     17. Far Eastern Asia     18. Middle Asia     19. Caucasus     20. Western Asia     21. Arabian Peninsula     22. China     23. Mongolia     24. Eastern Asia     25. Indian Subcontinent     26. Indochinese Pensinsula (Southeast Asia)     27. Malesia (South-eastern Asian Islands)     28. North Indian Islands     29. Australia     30. New Zealand     31. South-western Pacific Islands
South
    32. South-Central Pacific Islands     33. North-western Pacific Islands     34. North-Central Pacific Islands     35. Subarctic America     36. Western Canada     37. Eastern Canada     38. North-western U.S.A.     39. North-Central U.S.A.     40. North-eastern U.S.A.     41. South-western U.S.A.     42. South-Central U.S.A.     43. South-eastern U.S.A.     44. North and Central Mexico     45. Mesoamerica     46. Caribbean     47. Northern South America (Guyana)     48. Western South America (Andes)     49. Brazil (Amazon)     50. Southern South America (dry and subtropical)     51. Subantarctic Islands     52. Antarctic Continent
(Select a character state: to add this modifier: )
(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )
29. European distribution records     1. Denmark     2. Finland     3. Faeroe Islands (Denmark)     4. United Kingdom     5. Iceland     6. Norway     7. Svalbard (= Spitsbergen; Norway)     8. Sweden     9. Austria     10. Benelux (Belgium & Luxembourg)     11. former Czechoslovakia (incl. Czech Republic & Slovacia)     12. Germany     13. Hungary     14. Netherlands     15. Poland     16. Switzerland (incl. Liechtenstein)     17. Balearic Islands     18. Corsica (France)     19. France (excl. Corsica)     20. Portugal     21. Sardinia (Italy)     22. Spain (incl. Andorra & Monaco)     23. Albania     24. Bulgaria     25. Greece     26. Italy (incl. San Marino & The Vatican City, excl. Sicily, Sardinia)     27. Crete     28. Romania     29. Sicilia (Italy)     30. European Turkey     31. Former Yugoslavia [incl. Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Moldova, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovenia]     32. Belarus     33. Baltic States (Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia)     34. Crimea (Ukraine)     39. North-western Russia     40. Ukraine     41. Ireland     42. Malta     43. Cyprus     44. East Aegean Islands (Turkey & Greece)
(Select a character state: to add this modifier: )
(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )
30. African distribution records     1. Algeria     2. Egypt     3. Libya     4. Morocco     5. Tunisia     6. Western Sahara (annexed by Morocco, formerly Mauritania)     7. Azores (Portugal)     8. Canary Islands (Spain)     9. Cape Verde     10. Madeira (Portugal)     11. Selvagen Islands (Portugal)     12. Benin     13. Burkina Faso     14. Gambia     15. Ghana     16. Guinea-Bissau     17. Guinea     18. Ivory Coast (Cote d'Ivoire)     19. Liberia     20. Mali     21. Mauritania     22. Nigeria     23. Niger     24. Senegal     25. Sierra Leone     26. Togo     27. Burundi     28. Cabinda (Angola)     29. Central African Republic     30. Cameroon     31. Congo (Republic of Congo & Democratic Republic of The Congo)     32. Equatorial Guinea     33. Gabon     34. Gulf of Guinea Islands (Sao Tome & Principe)     35. Rwanda     36. Zaire     37. Chad     38. Djibouti     39. Ethiopia (incl. Eritrea)     40. Socotra Island     41. Somalia     42. Sudan     43. Kenya     44. Tanzania     45. Uganda     46. Angola     47. Malawi     48. Mozambique     49. Zambia     50. Zimbabwe     51. Botswana     52. Cape Province (Eastern & Western Cape; South Africa)     53. Caprivi Strip (Namibia)     54. Lesotho     55. Namibia     56. Natal (South Africa)     57. Orange Free State (South Africa / Namibia)e     58. Swaziland     59. Transvaal (north-eastern South Africa)     60. Ascension (overseas territory of the UK, part of the St. Helena Islands, Central South Atlantic Ocean)     61. St Helena (overseas territory of the UK, Central South Atlantic Ocean)     62. Aldabra Atoll (Seychelles)     63. Comoros (= Mozambique Channel Islands)     64. Mauritius (Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar)     65. Mozambique Channel Islands (= Comoros)     66. Madagascar     67. Réunion (overseas department of France, Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar)     68. Rodrigues Island (Mauritius)     69. Seychelles (Eastern Africa, group of islands in the Indian Ocean, northeast of Madagascar)
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(Select a character state: to add this note/comment: )
31. {temperate & continental} Asian distribution records     1. Gulf States (Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates)     2. Kuwait     3. Oman     4. Saudi Arabia     5. Yemen     6. Southern Russia     7. Kazakhstan     8. Kyrgyzstan     9. Turkmenistan     10. Tajikistan     11. Uzbekistan     12. North Caucasus     13. Transcaucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan & Georgia)     14. Afghanistan     15. South-central China     16. Hainan Province (China)     17. Mongolia (Mongolia)     18. Manchuria (China)     19. North-central China     20. Southeast China     21. Tibet-Qinghai     22. Xinjiang (China)     23. Japan     24. Korea (North & South)     25. Nansei-Shoto (Japan)     26. Taiwan     27. Iran     28. Iraq     29. Lebanon-Syria     30. Israel & Palestine     31. Sinai Sinai (Israel / Egypt)     32. Turkey (excl. European Turkey)     33. Jordan     34. Central Russia     35. Eastern Russia     36. Northern Russia     37. Altay (Russia: Gorno-Altaysk OR Mongolia: Govo-Altay ???)     38. Buryatiya (Russia)     39. Chitinskaya (Russia)     40. Irkutsk (Russia)     41. Krasnoyarsk (Russia)     42. Tyva (Russia)     43. West Siberia (Russia)     44. Yakutiya (Russia)     45. Amur (Russia)     46. Kamchatka (Russia)     47. Khabarovsk (Russia)     48. Kuril Islands (Russia)     49. Magadan (Russia)     50. Primorye (Vladivostok, Russia)     51. Sakhalin (Russia)
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32. {tropical & subtropical} Asian distribution records     1. Assam (India)     2. Bangladesh     3. Bhutan (Bhutan) & Sikkim (India)     4. India     5. Kashmir [China (Aksai Chin); India (Jammu and Kashmir); Pakistan (Azad Kashmir and Northern Areas)]     6. Nepal     7. Pakistan     8. Sri Lanka     9. Burma (= Myanmar)     10. Brunei     11. Cambodia     12. Laos     13. South China Sea (Hong Kong)     14. Thailand     15. Vietnam     16. Bismarck Archipelago (Papua New Guinea)     17. North East Borneo (Indonesia)     18. Lesser Sunda Isles (East Timor)     19. Peninsular Malaysia (= Malaya, Malaysia)     20. Malaysian Borneo (Malaysia)     21. Moluccas (Spice Islands, Indonesia)     22. New Guinea (Papua New Guinea)     23. Philippines     24. Sulawesi (Indonesia)     25. Sumatra (Indonesia)     26. Christmas Island (Australia)     27. Andaman Island (India)     28. Chagos Archipelago (British Indian Ocean Territory)     29. Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia)     30. Laccadive Islands (India)     31. Maldives     32. Nicobar Island (= Nicobar; India)     33. Ashmore-Cartier Islands (Australia)     34. Singapore     35. Micronesia
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33. Australian and Oceanian distribution records     1. Lord Howe-Norfolk IsLord Howe-Norfolk Islands (Australia)     2. New South Wales (Australia)     3. Northern Territory (Australia)     4. Queensland (Australia)     5. South Australia (Australia)     6. Tasmania     7. Victoria (Australia)     8. Western Australia     9. Antipodes Islands (New Zealand)     10. Chatham Islands (New Zealand)     11. Kermadec Islands (New Zealand)     12. North Island of New Zealand     13. South Island of New Zealand
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34. Pacific Island distribution records     1. Fiji     2. Gilbert Islands (Kiribati, an independent equatorial Pacific Island State)     3. Howland-Baker Islands (US North Pacific Islands)     4. Nauru (South Pacific Island State, world's smallest independent republic)     5. Niue (Savage Island, self-governing territory in free association with New Zealand)     6. New Caledonia (French South Pacific Islands)     7. Phoenix Archipelago (part of Kiribati, an independent equatorial Pacific Island State)     8. Samoa (independent South Pacific Island State)     9. Solomon Islands (independent South Pacific Island State)     10. Tokelau (New Zealand)- Manihiki (Cook Islands, self-governing in free association with New Zealand)     11. Tonga (independent South Pacific Island state)     12. Tuvalu (independent South Pacific Island state)     13. Vanuatu (New Hebrides, (independent South Pacific Island state)     14. Wallis-Futuna Islands (French South Pacific Islands)     15. Cook Is (self-governing in free association with New Zealand)     16. Easter IsEaster Island (Chile)     17. Line Islands (part of Kiribati, an independent equatorial Pacific Island State)     18. Marquesas (French Polynesia)     19. Pitcairn Islands (UK South Pacific Islands)     20. Society Islands (French Polynesia)     21. Tuamotu Islands (French Polynesia)     22. Tubuai Islands (French Polynesia)     23. Caroline Islands (independent North Pacific Island State)     24. Kazan-retto (Volcano Islands, Japan)     25. Marcus Island (Japan)     26. Mariana Islands (commonwealth in political union with the USA)     27. Marshall Islands (independent North Pacific Island State)     28. Ogasawara-gunto (Japan)     29. Wake Island (US North Pacific Island)     30. Hawaii (USA)     31. Santa Cruz Island (USA, California)
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35. North American distribution records     1. Aleutian Is     2. Alaska (USA)     3. Greenland     4. Northwest Territories (Canada)     5. Yukon Territory (Canada)     6. Alberta (Canada)     7. British Columbia (Canada)     8. Manitoba (Canada)     9. Saskatchewan (Canada)     10. Labrador (Canada)     11. New Brunswick (Canada)     12. Newfoundland (Canada)     13. Nova Scotia (Canada)     14. Ontario (Canada)     15. Prince Edward Island (Canada)     16. Quebec (Canada)     17. Colarado (USA)     18. Idaho (USA)     19. Montana (USA)     20. Oregon (USA)     21. Washington (USA)     22. Wyoming (USA)     23. Illinois (USA)     24. Iowa (USA)     25. Kansas (USA)     26. Minnesota (USA)     27. Missouri (USA)     28. North Dakota (USA)     29. Nebraska (USA)     30. Oklahoma (USA)     31. South Dakota (USA)     32. Wisconsin (USA)     33. Connecticut (USA)     34. Indiana (USA)     35. Maine (USA)     36. Massachusetts (USA)     37. Michigan (USA)     38. New Hampshire (USA)     39. New Jersey (USA)     40. New York (USA)     41. Ohio (USA)     42. Pennsylvania (USA)     43. Rhode Island (USA)     44. Vermont (USA)     45. West Virginia (USA)     46. Arizona (USA)     47. California (USA)     48. Nevada (USA)     49. Utah (USA)     50. New Mexico (USA)     51. Texas (USA)     52. Alabama (USA)     53. Arkansas (USA)     54. Delaware (USA)     55. Florida (USA)     56. Georgia (USA)     57. Kentucky (USA)     58. Louisiana (USA)     59. Maryland (USA)     60. Mississippi (USA)     61. North Carolina (USA)     62. South Carolina (USA)     63. Tennessee (USA)     64. Virginia (USA)     65. District of Columbia (USA)     66. Central Mexico (Mexico)     67. Northeastern Mexico (Mexico)     68. Mexican Gulf Coast (Mexico)     69. Mexican Pacific Islands (Mexico)     70. Northwestern Mexico (Mexico)     71. Southwestern Mexico (Mexico)
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36. South and Central American and Carribean distribution records     1. Belize     2. Costa Rica     3. American Pacific Islands (USA)     4. El Salvador     5. Guatemala     6. Honduras     7. Nicaragua     8. Panama     9. Southeastern Mexico (Mexico)     10. Aruba (Netherlands, Caribbean Island)     11. Bahamas     12. Bermuda (Caribbean overseas territory of the UK)     13. Cayman Islands (Caribbean overseas territory of the UK)     14. Cuba     15. Dominican Republic     16. Haiti     17. Jamaica     18. Leeward Islands (Netherlands Antilles)     19. Netherlands Antilles [the five islands of the Netherlands Antilles are divided geographically into the Leeward Islands (northern) group (Saba, Sint Eustatius, and Sint Maarten) and the Windward Islands (southern) group (Bonaire and Curacao)]     20. Puerto Rico     21. ???Southwest Caribbean     22. Turks and Caicos Islands (Caribbean overseas territory of the UK)     23. Trinida & Tobago (independent Caribbean Island State)     24. Venezuelan Antilles (Venezuela)     25. Windward Islands (Netherlands Antilles)     26. French Guiana (Caribbean overseas department of France)     27. Guyana (independent, South America)     28. Suriname (independent, South America)     29. Venezuela     30. Bolivia     31. Colombia     32. Ecuador     33. Galapagos Islands (Ecuador)     34. Peru     35. West-central Brazil (Brazil)     36. Northeastern Brazil (Brazil)     37. Southeastern Brazil (Brazil)     38. Northern Brazil (Brazil)     39. Southern Brazil (Brazil)     40. Northeastern Argentina (Argentina)     41. Southern Argentina (Argentina)     42. Northwestern Argentina (Argentina)     43. Northern Chile (Chile)     44. Southern Chile (Chile)     45. Desventurados Islands (Chile)     46. Juan Fernandez Islands (Chile)     47. Paraguay     48. Uruguay
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37. Antarctic distribution records     1. Amsterdam-St Paul Isles (French Southern and Antarctic Lands)     2. Bouvet Island (Territory of Norway; administered by the Polar Department of the Ministry of Justice and Police from Oslo )     3. Crozet Isles (French Southern and Antarctic Lands)     4. Falkland Isles (Islas Malvinas; overseas territory of the UK; also claimed by Argentina)     5. Heard and McDonald Islands (Australia)     6. Kerguelen Isles (French Southern and Antarctic Lands)     7. Macquarie Isles (Australia)     8. Marion Island and Prince Edward Island (South Africa)     9. South Georgia (overseas territory of the UK, also claimed by Argentina)     10. South Sandwich Isles (overseas territory of the UK, also claimed by Argentina)     11. Saint Helena & Tristan de Cunha (overseas territory of the UK)     12. Antarctica (governed by Antarctic Treaty; 45 treaty member nations including seven nations that claim portions of Antarctica as national territory: Argentina, Australia, Chile, France, New Zealand, Norway, UK)
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38. Checklist records [mandatory]     1. Australia     2. Austria     3. Bolivia     4. Chile     5. Ecuador     6. Estonia     7. Germany     8. Germany, Bavaria     9. Germany, Hamburg     10. Great Britain     11. Guianas     12. Iberic Peninsula     13. Italy     14. Japan     15. Mexico     16. Morocco     17. New Guinea     18. New Zealand     19. Peru     20. Sonoran Desert     21. Sweden and Norway     22. Thailand     23. Tunisia     24. Turkey     25. Ukraine     26. United States and Canada (continental)     27. Venezuela     28. Namibia     29. Republic of South Africa
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39. International red list: general evaluation (IUCN)     1. not evaluated     2. data deficient     3. adequate data
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40. International red list: category (IUCN)     1. extinct (EX)     2. extinct in the wild (EW)     3. critically endangered (CR)     4. endangered (EN)     5. vulnerable (V)     6. near threatened (NT)     7. least concern (LC)
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41. National red list record     1. Austria     2. Denmark     3. Estonia     4. Finland     5. Germany     6. Netherlands     7. Norway     8. Sweden     9. United Kingdom     10. United States (Endangered Species Act Listing)     11. Switzerland
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42. National red list: category     1. nationally extinct (nEX)     2. nationally extinct in the wild (nEW)     3. nationally critically endangered (nCR)     4. nationally endangered (nEN)     5. nationally vulnerable (nV)     6. nationally near threatened (nNT)     7. nationally least concern (nLC)
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Ecology   back to top

43. Life habit     1. saprobic (= destruents)     2. biotroph (inhabiting living organisms)
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44. Lifestyle [mandatory] [mandatory character]     1. cyanobacteriicolous (= parasitic on cyanobacteria)     2. algicolous (= parasitic on eukaryotic algae)     3. phytopathogenic (= pathogens and/or parasites on plants)     4. lichenized (= parasitic and / or mutual symbiotic with photobionts)     5. lichenicolous (= parasitic on lichens)     6. fungicolous (= parasitic on fungi)     7. animal pathogenic     8. human pathogenic
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45. Substrate preference [mandatory character]     1. terricolous (on soil)     2. bryophytic (on bryophytes)     3. lignicolous (on wood)     4. corticolous (on bark)     5. epiphyllous (on living leaves)     6. saxicolous (on rock)
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46. Thallus-substrate interaction     1. endosubstratic     2. hemi-endosubstratic     3. episubstratic
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47. Habitat insolation     1. sun-exposed     2. partially shaded     3. fully shaded
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48. Habitat moisture     1. dry     2. moist     3. wet
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49. Habitat exposure     1. sheltered     2. exposed
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50. Substrate     1. inorganic soil     2. organic soil, detritus     3. wood     4. bryophytes     5. bark     6. non-calciferous rock     7. calciferous rock     8. lichens     9. living leaves
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51. Rock substrate ecology     1. bricks     2. maritime rock     3. shell sand     4. calcareous sand
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52. Substrate pH
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max:

53. Rock substrate mineral content     1. non-calciferous (lacking calcites)     2. calciferous (containing calcites)     3. metalliferous [containing (heavy) metals]     4. gypsiferous (containing gypsum)
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54. Soil substrate organic contents     1. detrital     2. organic     3. inorganic
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55. Soil substrate mineral content     1. non-calciferous (lacking limestone)     2. calciferous (containing limestone)     3. metalliferous [containing (heavy) metals]     4. gypsiferous (containing gypsum)
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56. Soil substrate mineral grain size     1. clay or silt (argillaceous)     2. loam     3. loess     4. sand
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57. Plant organ forming the substrate     1. roots     2. stems     3. leaves     4. petioles     5. stipules     6. buds     7. involucres     8. inflorescences     9. flowers     10. tepals     11. sepals     12. petals     13. anthers     14. carpels     15. fruits     16. galls     17. all herbaceous parts of the plant     18. all woody parts of the plant     19. the entire plant, i.e., amphigenous
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58. Position on the roots     1. rootlets     2. steles     3. tubercules
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59. Position on the stems     1. bark     2. branchlets     3. buds     4. internodes     5. joints     6. nodes     7. steles     8. trunk     9. twigs
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60. Position on the leaves     1. at the leaf apex     2. at the leaf base     3. on the leaf blade     4. along the leaf collar     5. along costae     6. along the leaf margin     7. on the midnerve only     8. on all leaf nerves     9. on petioles     10. on stipules     11. on tendrils
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61. Location at, in or on the leaves     1. hypophyllous     2. epiphyllous     3. amphigenous
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62. Organ deformation     1. not deformed     2. deformed
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63. Animal or human {external} location    Other (enter as text):  ()
64. Animal or human {internal} location    Other (enter as text):  ()
65. Animal or human infection symptoms    Other (enter as text):  ()

Host or Phorophyte Taxonomy   back to top

66. Host plant or phorophyte species [name]


67. Host plant or phorophyte species [list]     1. Chamaecyparis spp.     2. Juniperus spp.     3. Pinus contorta     4. Pinus ponderosa     5. Pinus pumila     6. Pseudotsuga menziesii     7. Quercus spp.
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68. Host plant or phorophyte genus    Other (enter as text):  ()
69. Host plant or phorophyte family     1. Actiniopteridaceae     2. Adiantaceae     3. Aspleniaceae     4. Azollaceae     5. Blechnaceae     6. Cheiropleuriaceae     7. Cyatheaceae     8. Davalliaceae     9. Dennstaedtiaceae     10. Dicksoniaceae     11. Equisetaceae     12. Dipteridaceae     13. Dryopteridaceae     14. Gleicheniaceae     15. Grammitidaceae     16. Hymenophyllaceae     17. Hymenophyllopsidaceae     18. Isoetaceae     19. Lycopodiaceae     20. Lomariopsidaceae     21. Loxsomataceae     22. Marattiaceae     23. Marsileaceae     24. Matoniaceae     25. Metaxyaceae     26. Oleandraceae     27. Ophioglossaceae     28. Osmundaceae     29. Parkeriaceae     30. Plagiogyriaceae     31. Platyzomataceae     32. Polypodiaceae     33. Pteridaceae     34. Salviniaceae     35. Schizaeaceae     36. Stromatopteridaceae     37. Thelypteridaceae     38. Vittariaceae     39. Woodsiaceae     40. Araucariaceae     41. Boweniaceae     42. Cephalotaxaceae     43. Cupressaceae     44. Cycadaceae     45. Ephedraceae     46. Ginkgoaceae     47. Gnetaceae     48. Phyllocladaceae     49. Pinaceae     50. Podocarpaceae     51. Psilotaceae     52. Stangeriaceae     53. Taxaceae     54. Taxodiaceae     55. Welwitschiaceae     56. Zamiaceae     57. Acanthaceae     58. Aceraceae     59. Achariaceae     60. Achatocarpaceae     61. Actinidiaceae     62. Adoxaceae     63. Aextoxicaceae     64. Agdestidaceae     65. Aizoaceae     66. Akaniaceae     67. Alangiaceae     68. Alseuosmiaceae     69. Alzateaceae     70. Amaranthaceae     71. Amborellaceae     72. Anacardiaceae     73. Ancistrocladaceae     74. Anisophylleaceae     75. Annonaceae     76. Apocynaceae     77. Aquifoliaceae     78. Araliaceae     79. Aralidiaceae     80. Aristolochiaceae     81. Asclepiadaceae     82. Asteropeiaceae     83. Aucubaceae     84. Austrobaileyaceae     85. Avicenniaceae     86. Balanitaceae     87. Balanopaceae     88. Balanophoraceae     89. Balsaminaceae     90. Barbeuiaceae     91. Barbeyaceae     92. Basellaceae     93. Bataceae     94. Begoniaceae     95. Berberidaceae     96. Betulaceae     97. Bignoniaceae     98. Bixaceae     99. Bombacaceae     100. Boraginaceae     101. Bretschneideraceae     102. Brunelliaceae     103. Bruniaceae     104. Buddlejaceae     105. Burseraceae     106. Buxaceae     107. Byblidaceae     108. Cabombaceae     109. Cactaceae     110. Callitrichaceae     111. Calycanthaceae     112. Calyceraceae     113. Campanulaceae     114. Canellaceae     115. Cannabaceae     116. Canotiaceae     117. Capparaceae     118. Caprifoliaceae     119. Cardiopteridaceae     120. Caricaceae     121. Carlemanniaceae     122. Caryocaraceae     123. Caryophyllaceae     124. Casuarinaceae     125. Cecropiaceae     126. Celastraceae     127. Cephalotaceae     128. Ceratophyllaceae     129. Cercidiphyllaceae     130. Chenopodiaceae     131. Chloranthaceae     132. Chrysobalanaceae     133. Circaeasteraceae     134. Cistaceae     135. Clethraceae     136. Cneoraceae     137. Cobaeaceae     138. Cochlospermaceae     139. Columelliaceae     140. Combretaceae     141. Compositae     142. Connaraceae     143. Convolvulaceae     144. Coriariaceae     145. Cornaceae     146. Corylaceae     147. Corynocarpaceae     148. Crassulaceae     149. Crossosomataceae     150. Cruciferae     151. Crypteroniaceae     152. Ctenolophonaceae     153. Cucurbitaceae     154. Cunoniaceae     155. Cyclocheilaceae     156. Cynomoriaceae     157. Cyrillaceae     158. Daphniphyllaceae     159. Datiscaceae     160. Davidsoniaceae     161. Degeneriaceae     162. Dialypetalanthaceae     163. Diapensiaceae     164. Dichapetalaceae     165. Didiereaceae     166. Didymelaceae     167. Diegodendraceae     168. Dilleniaceae     169. Dioncophyllaceae     170. Dipentodontaceae     171. Dipsacaceae     172. Dipterocarpaceae     173. Droseraceae     174. Duckeodendraceae     175. Ebenaceae     176. Elaeagnaceae     177. Elaeocarpaceae     178. Elatinaceae     179. Emblingiaceae     180. Empetraceae     181. Epacridaceae     182. Eremolepidaceae     183. Eremosynaceae     184. Ericaceae     185. Erythroxylaceae     186. Escalloniaceae     187. Eucommiaceae     188. Eucryphiaceae     189. Euphorbiaceae     190. Euphroniaceae     191. Eupomatiaceae     192. Eupteleaceae     193. Fagaceae     194. Flacourtiaceae     195. Fouquieriaceae     196. Frankeniaceae     197. Garryaceae     198. Geissolomataceae     199. Gentianaceae     200. Geraniaceae     201. Gesneriaceae     202. Gisekiaceae     203. Glaucidiaceae     204. Globulariaceae     205. Goetzeaceae     206. Gomortegaceae     207. Goodeniaceae     208. Goupiaceae     209. Greyiaceae     210. Griseliniaceae     211. Grossulariaceae     212. Grubbiaceae     213. Gunneraceae     214. Guttiferae     215. Gyrostemonaceae     216. Halophytaceae     217. Haloragaceae     218. Hamamelidaceae     219. Hectorellaceae     220. Helwingiaceae     221. Hernandiaceae     222. Himantandraceae     223. Hippocastanaceae     224. Hippuridaceae     225. Hoplestigmataceae     226. Huaceae     227. Humiriaceae     228. Hydnoraceae     229. Hydrangeaceae     230. Hydrophyllaceae     231. Hydrostachyaceae     232. Icacinaceae     233. Idiospermaceae     234. Illecebraceae     235. Illiciaceae     236. Irvingiaceae     237. Ixonanthaceae     238. Juglandaceae     239. Krameriaceae     240. Labiatae     241. Lacistemataceae     242. Lactoridaceae     243. Lardizabalaceae     244. Lauraceae     245. Lecythidaceae     246. Leeaceae     247. Leguminosae-Caesalpinioideae     248. Leguminosae-Mimosoideae     249. Leguminosae-Papilionoideae     250. Leitneriaceae     251. Lennoaceae     252. Lentibulariaceae     253. Lepidobotryaceae     254. Limnanthaceae     255. Linaceae     256. Lissocarpaceae     257. Loasaceae     258. Loganiaceae     259. Lophopyxidaceae     260. Loranthaceae     261. Lythraceae     262. Magnoliaceae     263. Malesherbiaceae     264. Malpighiaceae     265. Malvaceae     266. Marcgraviaceae     267. Medusagynaceae     268. Medusandraceae     269. Melanophyllaceae     270. Melastomataceae     271. Meliaceae     272. Melianthaceae     273. Meliosmaceae     274. Menispermaceae     275. Menyanthaceae     276. Misodendraceae     277. Molluginaceae     278. Monimiaceae     279. Montiniaceae     280. Moraceae     281. Morinaceae     282. Moringaceae     283. Myoporaceae     284. Myricaceae     285. Myristicaceae     286. Myrothamnaceae     287. Myrsinaceae     288. Myrtaceae     289. Nelumbonaceae     290. Nepenthaceae     291. Nesogenaceae     292. Neuradaceae     293. Nyctaginaceae     294. Nymphaeaceae     295. Ochnaceae     296. Olacaceae     297. Oleaceae     298. Oliniaceae     299. Onagraceae     300. Oncothecaceae     301. Opiliaceae     302. Oxalidaceae     303. Paeoniaceae     304. Pandaceae     305. Papaveraceae     306. Paracryphiaceae     307. Parnassiaceae     308. Passifloraceae     309. Pedaliaceae     310. Pellicieraceae     311. Penaeaceae     312. Pentaphragmataceae     313. Pentaphylacaceae     314. Penthoraceae     315. Peridiscaceae     316. Phellinaceae     317. Phrymaceae     318. Physenaceae     319. Phytolaccaceae     320. Piperaceae     321. Pittosporaceae     322. Plagiopteraceae     323. Plantaginaceae     324. Platanaceae     325. Plumbaginaceae     326. Podoaceae     327. Podostemaceae     328. Polemoniaceae     329. Polygalaceae     330. Polygonaceae     331. Portulacaceae     332. Primulaceae     333. Proteaceae     334. Ptaeroxylaceae     335. Pterostemonaceae     336. Quiinaceae     337. Rafflesiaceae     338. Ranunculaceae     339. Resedaceae     340. Retziaceae     341. Rhabdodendraceae     342. Rhamnaceae     343. Rhizophoraceae     344. Rhoipteleaceae     345. Rhynchocalycaceae     346. Roridulaceae     347. Rosaceae     348. Rubiaceae     349. Rutaceae     350. Sabiaceae     351. Saccifoliaceae     352. Salicaceae     353. Salvadoraceae     354. Santalaceae     355. Sapindaceae     356. Sapotaceae     357. Sarcolaenaceae     358. Sargentodoxaceae     359. Sarraceniaceae     360. Saururaceae     361. Saxifragaceae     362. Schisandraceae     363. Scrophulariaceae     364. Scyphostegiaceae     365. Scytopetalaceae     366. Simaroubaceae     367. Simmondsiaceae     368. Solanaceae     369. Sphaerosepalaceae     370. Sphenostemonaceae     371. Stachyuraceae     372. Stackhousiaceae     373. Staphyleaceae     374. Stegnospermataceae     375. Sterculiaceae     376. Stilbaceae     377. Strasburgeriaceae     378. Stylidiaceae     379. Stylobasiaceae     380. Styracaceae     381. Surianaceae     382. Symplocaceae     383. Tamaricaceae     384. Tepuianthaceae     385. Tetracentraceae     386. Tetrachondraceae     387. Tetrameristaceae     388. Theaceae     389. Theligonaceae     390. Theophrastaceae     391. Thymelaeaceae     392. Ticodendraceae     393. Tiliaceae     394. Torricelliaceae     395. Tovariaceae     396. Trapaceae     397. Tremandraceae     398. Trigoniaceae     399. Trimeniaceae     400. Triplostegiaceae     401. Trochodendraceae     402. Tropaeolaceae     403. Turneraceae     404. Ulmaceae     405. Umbelliferae     406. Urticaceae     407. Vahliaceae     408. Valerianaceae     409. Verbenaceae     410. Violaceae     411. Viscaceae     412. Vitaceae     413. Vochysiaceae     414. Winteraceae     415. Zygophyllaceae     416. Acoraceae     417. Agavaceae     418. Alismataceae     419. Alliaceae     420. Aloaceae     421. Alstroemeriaceae     422. Amaryllidaceae     423. Anarthriaceae     424. Anthericaceae     425. Aphyllanthaceae     426. Aponogetonaceae     427. Araceae     428. Asparagaceae     429. Asphodelaceae     430. Asteliaceae     431. Blandfordiaceae     432. Bromeliaceae     433. Burmanniaceae     434. Butomaceae     435. Calectasiaceae     436. Cannaceae     437. Centrolepidaceae     438. Colchicaceae     439. Commelinaceae     440. Convallariaceae     441. Corsiaceae     442. Costaceae     443. Cyanastraceae     444. Cyclanthaceae     445. Cymodoceaceae     446. Cyperaceae     447. Dasypogonaceae     448. Dioscoreaceae     449. Doryanthaceae     450. Dracaenaceae     451. Ecdeiocoleaceae     452. Eriocaulaceae     453. Eriospermaceae     454. Flagellariaceae     455. Gramineae     456. Haemodoraceae     457. Hanguanaceae     458. Heliconiaceae     459. Hemerocallidaceae     460. Herreriaceae     461. Hostaceae     462. Hyacinthaceae     463. Hydatellaceae     464. Hydrocharitaceae     465. Hypoxidaceae     466. Iridaceae     467. Ixioliriaceae     468. Joinvilleaceae     469. Juncaceae     470. Juncaginaceae     471. Lanariaceae     472. Lemnaceae     473. Lilaeaceae     474. Liliaceae     475. Limnocharitaceae     476. Lomandraceae     477. Lowiaceae     478. Marantaceae     479. Mayacaceae     480. Melanthiaceae     481. Musaceae     482. Orchidaceae     483. Palmae     484. Pandanaceae     485. Petermanniaceae     486. Philesiaceae     487. Philydraceae     488. Phormiaceae     489. Pontederiaceae     490. Posidoniaceae     491. Potamogetonaceae     492. Rapateaceae     493. Restionaceae     494. Rhipogonaceae     495. Ruscaceae     496. Scheuchzeriaceae     497. Selaginellaceae     498. Smilacaceae     499. Stemonaceae     500. Strelitziaceae     501. Taccaceae     502. Tecophilaeaceae     503. Thurniaceae     504. Trichopodaceae     505. Trilliaceae     506. Triuridaceae     507. Typhaceae     508. Velloziaceae     509. Xanthorrhoeaceae     510. Xyridaceae     511. Zannichelliaceae     512. Zingiberaceae     513. Zosteraceae
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70. Host plant or phorophyte order    Other (enter as text):  ()
71. Host fungus species


72. Host fungus genus     1. Acarospora     2. Amandinea     3. Amygdalaria     4. Arthonia     5. Arthothelium     6. Aspicilia     7. Baeomyces     8. Bellemerea     9. Biatora     10. Buellia     11. Candelariella     12. Caloplaca     13. Cladonia     14. Cryptothecia     15. Dactylina     16. Dibaeis     17. Dimelaena     18. Diploicia     19. Diploschistes     20. Echinoplaca     21. Endocarpon     22. Graphis     23. Haematomma     24. Lecanora     25. Lecidea     26. Lecidella     27. Lepraria     28. Leprocaulon     29. Lobaria     30. Mazosia     31. Nephroma     32. Ochrolechia     33. Orphniospora     34. Pannaria     35. Parmelia     36. Parmentaria     37. Peltigera     38. Pertusaria     39. Phaeophyscia     40. Phaeorrhiza     41. Phlyctis     42. Phyllophiale     43. Physcia     44. Pilophorus     45. Placopsis     46. Pleopsidium     47. Polyblastia     48. Porina     49. Porpidia     50. Protoparmelia     51. Pseudocyphellaria     52. Psoroma     53. Pyrenula     54. Ramalina     55. Rhizocarpon     56. Rhizoplaca     57. Rinodina     58. Roccella     59. Solorina     60. Sporastatia     61. Sporopodium     62. Stereocaulon     63. Sticta     64. Tephromela     65. Thelotrema     66. Trapelia     67. Trichothelium     68. Umbilicaria     69. Xanthoria
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73. Host fungus family     1. Acarosporaceae     2. Arthoniaceae     3. Aspiciliaceae     4. Baeomycetaceae     5. Candelariellaceae     6. Cladoniaceae     7. Ectolechiaceae     8. Fuscideaceae     9. Gomphillaceae     10. Graphidaceae     11. Haematommataceae     12. Hymeneliaceae     13. Icmadophilaceae     14. Lecanoraceae     15. Lecideaceae     16. Leprariaceae     17. Lobariaceae     18. Nephromataceae     19. Opegraphaceae     20. Pannariaceae     21. Parmeliaceae     22. Peltigeraceae     23. Phlyctidaceae     24. Physciacaeae     25. Pertusariaceae     26. Porpidiaceae     27. Pseudocyphellariaceae     28. Pyrenulacea     29. Ramalinaceae     30. Rhizocarpaceae     31. Roccellaceae     32. Schaereriaceae     33. Solorinaceae     34. Stereocaulaceae     35. Teloschistaceae     36. Thelotremataceae     37. Trapeliaceae     38. Trichotheliaceae     39. Umbilicariaceae     40. Verrucariaceae
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74. Host fungus order     1. Arthoniales     2. Graphidales     3. Lecanorales     4. Leotiales     5. Peltigerales     6. Pyrenulales     7. Trichotheliales     8. Verrucariales
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75. Host alga species    Other (enter as text):  ()
76. Host alga genus     1. Anabaena     2. Anacystis     3. Aphanocapsa     4. Asterochloris     5. Blidingia     6. Calothrix     7. Cephaleuros     8. Chlamydomonas     9. Chlorella     10. Chlorella saccharophila-group     11. Chlorosarcinopsis     12. Chroococcidiopsis     13. Chroococcus     14. Cladophora     15. Coccobotrys     16. Coccomyxa     17. Cyanosarcina     18. Dichothrix     19. Dictyochloropsis     20. Dilabifilum     21. Elliptochloris     22. Entophysalis     23. Gloeocapsa     24. Gloeocystis     25. Gongrosira     26. Heterococcus     27. Hormathonema     28. Hyella     29. Hyphomorpha     30. Leptosira     31. Microcystis     32. Myrmecia     33. Myxosarcina     34. Nanochloris     35. Nostoc     36. Petroderma     37. Phycopeltis     38. Prasiola     39. Protococcus     40. Pseudochlorella     41. Pseudotrebouxia     42. Scytonema     43. Stichococcus     44. Stigonema     45. Tolypothrix     46. Trebouxia     47. Trentepohlia     48. Trochiscia
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77. Host alga family     1. Capsosiraceae     2. Chaetophoraceae     3. Chlamydomonadaceae     4. Chlorococcaceae     5. Chlorosarcinaceae     6. Chroococcaceae     7. Chroococcalean     8. Cladophoraceae     9. Coccomyxaceae     10. Entophysalidaceae     11. Heterococcaceae     12. Heteropediaceae     13. Hydrococcaceae     14. Klebsormidiaceae     15. Lithodermataceae     16. Microchaetaceae     17. Microcystaceae     18. Monostromataceae     19. Nostocaceae     20. Oocystaceae     21. Pleurocapsaceae     22. Prasiolaceae     23. Rivulariaceae     24. Scopulonemataceae     25. Scytonemataceae     26. Stigonemataceae     27. Trebouxiaceae     28. Trentepohliaceae     29. Xenococcaceae     30. genus incertae sedis
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78. Host alga order     1. Chaetophorales     2. Chlamydomonadales     3. Chlorococcales     4. Chlorosarcinales     5. Chroococcales     6. Cladophorales     7. Dictyochloropsis-group     8. Ectocarpales     9. Klebsormidiales     10. Leptosira-group     11. Nostocales     12. Pleurocapsales     13. Prasiolales     14. Stigonematales     15. Trebouxiales     16. Trentepohliales     17. Tribonematales     18. Ulvales     19. Volvocales     20. family of unknown placement (incertae sedis)
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Lichen Photobionts   back to top

79. Primary photobiont presence     1. absent     2. present
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80. Primary photobiont kind     1. cyanobacterial     2. chlorococcal     3. trentepohlioid
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81. Primary photobiont cell shape     1. globose     2. reniform     3. oblong-obtuse     4. oblong-truncate     5. oblong
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82. Primary photobiont cell diameter [categorical]     1. small     2. moderately wide     3. broad
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83. Primary photobiont cell diameter [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm wide

84. Primary photobiont cell arrangement     1. scattered     2. in groups     3. in irregular nets leaving large interspaces     4. in irregular plates leaving small interspaces     5. in closed, radiate plates (rows)
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85. Primary photobiont species


86. Primary photobiont genus     1. Anabaena     2. Anacystis     3. Aphanocapsa     4. Asterochloris     5. Blidingia     6. Calothrix     7. Cephaleuros     8. Chlamydomonas     9. Chlorella     10. Chlorella saccharophila-group     11. Chlorosarcinopsis     12. Chroococcidiopsis     13. Chroococcus     14. Cladophora     15. Coccobotrys     16. Coccomyxa     17. Cyanosarcina     18. Dichothrix     19. Dictyochloropsis     20. Dilabifilum     21. Elliptochloris     22. Entophysalis     23. Gloeocapsa     24. Gloeocystis     25. Gongrosira     26. Heterococcus     27. Hormathonema     28. Hyella     29. Hyphomorpha     30. Leptosira     31. Microcystis     32. Myrmecia     33. Myxosarcina     34. Nanochloris     35. Nostoc     36. Petroderma     37. Phycopeltis     38. Prasiola     39. Protococcus     40. Pseudochlorella     41. Pseudotrebouxia     42. Scytonema     43. Stichococcus     44. Stigonema     45. Tolypothrix     46. Trebouxia     47. Trentepohlia     48. Trochiscia
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87. Primary photobiont family     1. Capsosiraceae     2. Chaetophoraceae     3. Chlamydomonadaceae     4. Chlorococcaceae     5. Chlorosarcinaceae     6. Chroococcaceae     7. Chroococcalean     8. Cladophoraceae     9. Coccomyxaceae     10. Entophysalidaceae     11. Heterococcaceae     12. Heteropediaceae     13. Hydrococcaceae     14. Klebsormidiaceae     15. Lithodermataceae     16. Microchaetaceae     17. Microcystaceae     18. Monostromataceae     19. Nostocaceae     20. Oocystaceae     21. Pleurocapsaceae     22. Prasiolaceae     23. Rivulariaceae     24. Scopulonemataceae     25. Scytonemataceae     26. Stigonemataceae     27. Trebouxiaceae     28. Trentepohliaceae     29. Xenococcaceae     30. genus incertae sedis
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88. Primary photobiont order     1. Chaetophorales     2. Chlamydomonadales     3. Chlorococcales     4. Chlorosarcinales     5. Chroococcales     6. Cladophorales     7. Dictyochloropsis-group     8. Ectocarpales     9. Klebsormidiales     10. Leptosira-group     11. Nostocales     12. Pleurocapsales     13. Prasiolales     14. Stigonematales     15. Trebouxiales     16. Trentepohliales     17. Tribonematales     18. Ulvales     19. Volvocales     20. family of unknown placement (incertae sedis)
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89. Primary photobiont class     1. Cyanobacteria     2. Xanthophyceae     3. Phaeophyceae     4. Chlorophyceae     5. Trebouxiophyceae     6. Cladophorophyceae     7. Ulvophyceae     H. order of unknown placement (incertae sedis)
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90. Primary photobiont kingdom     1. Prokaryota     2. Eukariota
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91. Secondary photobiont presence     1. absent     2. present
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92. Secondary photobiont kind     1. cyanobacterial     2. chlorococcal     3. trentepohlioid
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93. Secondary photobiont cell shape     1. globose     2. reniform     3. oblong-obtuse     4. oblong-truncate     5. oblong
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94. Secondary photobiont cell diameter [categorical]     1. small     2. moderately wide     3. broad
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95. Secondary photobiont cell diameter [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm wide

96. Secondary photobiont cell arrangement     1. scattered     2. in groups     3. in irregular nets leaving large interspaces     4. in irregular plates leaving small interspaces     5. in closed, radiate plates (rows)
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97. Secondary photobiont species


98. Secondary photobiont genus     1. Anabaena     2. Anacystis     3. Aphanocapsa     4. Asterochloris     5. Blidingia     6. Calothrix     7. Cephaleuros     8. Chlamydomonas     9. Chlorella     10. Chlorella saccharophila-group     11. Chlorosarcinopsis     12. Chroococcidiopsis     13. Chroococcus     14. Cladophora     15. Coccobotrys     16. Coccomyxa     17. Cyanosarcina     18. Dichothrix     19. Dictyochloropsis     20. Dilabifilum     21. Elliptochloris     22. Entophysalis     23. Gloeocapsa     24. Gloeocystis     25. Gongrosira     26. Heterococcus     27. Hormathonema     28. Hyella     29. Hyphomorpha     30. Leptosira     31. Microcystis     32. Myrmecia     33. Myxosarcina     34. Nanochloris     35. Nostoc     36. Petroderma     37. Phycopeltis     38. Prasiola     39. Protococcus     40. Pseudochlorella     41. Pseudotrebouxia     42. Scytonema     43. Stichococcus     44. Stigonema     45. Tolypothrix     46. Trebouxia     47. Trentepohlia     48. Trochiscia
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99. Secondary photobiont family     1. familia incertae sedis     2. Capsosiraceae     3. Chaetophoraceae     4. Chlamydomonadaceae     5. Chlorococcaceae     6. Chlorosarcinaceae     7. Chroococcaceae     8. Chroococcalean     9. Cladophoraceae     10. Coccomyxaceae     11. Entophysalidaceae     12. Heterococcaceae     13. Heteropediaceae     14. Hydrococcaceae     15. Klebsormidiaceae     16. Lithodermataceae     17. Microchaetaceae     18. Microcystaceae     19. Monostromataceae     20. Nostocaceae     21. Oocystaceae     22. Pleurocapsaceae     23. Prasiolaceae     24. Rivulariaceae     25. Scopulonemataceae     26. Scytonemataceae     27. Stigonemataceae     28. Trebouxiaceae     29. Trentepohliaceae     30. Xenococcaceae
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100. Secondary photobiont order     1. Chaetophorales     2. Chlamydomonadales     3. Chlorococcales     4. Chlorosarcinales     5. Chroococcales     6. Cladophorales     7. Dictyochloropsis-group     8. Ectocarpales     9. Klebsormidiales     10. Leptosira-group     11. Nostocales     12. Pleurocapsales     13. Prasiolales     14. Stigonematales     15. Trebouxiales     16. Trentepohliales     17. Tribonematales     18. Ulvales     19. Volvocales     20. order of unknown placement (incertae sedis)
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101. Secondary photobiont class     1. Cyanobacteria     2. Xanthophyceae     3. Phaeophyceae     4. Chlorophyceae     5. Trebouxiophyceae     6. Cladophorophyceae     7. Ulvophyceae     8. classis incertae sedis
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102. Secondary photobiont kingdom     1. Prokaryota     2. Eukariota
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General Growth Organization   back to top

103. Fungal growth organization     1. yeasts     2. budding mycelia     3. filamentous mycelia     4. stromata     5. thalli
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Thallus Morphology: General Morphology   back to top

104. Thallus growth form [mandatory character]     1. indistinct     2. crustose     3. foliose     4. fruticose
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105. Thallus primary subdivision     1. continuous     2. divided
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106. Thallus secondary subdivision     1. entire     2. subdivided
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107. Thallus ramification pattern     1. isotomic-dichotomous     2. anisotomic-dichotomous     3. filamentous-dichotomous     4. subdichotomous     5. irregular
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108. Crustose growth organization     1. leprose     2. granular     3. rimose     4. rimose-areolate (secondarily areolate)     5. areolate (primarily areolate)     6. placodioid     7. squamulose     8. subfruticose (minutely fruticose, dactyliform)     9. filamentose
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109. Crustose growth structure     1. bullate     2. subsquamulose     3. sublobate     4. peltate
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110. Crustose growth aggregation     1. adjoining (not dispersed)     2. scattered (dispersed)
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111. Crustose growth continuity     1. continuous throughout     2. dispersed along the periphery, continuous in the centre     3. dispersed throughout and distinctly seperate
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112. Foliose growth organization     1. lobed     2. umbilicate
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113. Foliose lobe widening     1. widening     2. parallel
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114. Foliose lobe outline     1. elongate     2. lunate     3. linear     4. flabellate
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115. Foliose lobe separation     1. not laciniate     2. laciniate
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116. Foliose lobe orientation     1. horizontal     2. ascending     3. imbricate     4. erect
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117. Foliose lobe front     1. angular     2. rounded
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118. Foliose lobe curvature     1. concave     2. subconcave     3. plane     4. subconvex     5. convex
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119. Fruticose growth organization     1. erect     2. suberect     3. prostrate     4. subpendulous     5. pendulous     6. inflated (globular or tubular)
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120. Fruticose branch shape     1. cylindrical     2. tapered     3. irregular
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121. Fruticose branch structure     1. terete     2. subterete     3. applanate (moderately flattened)     4. compressed (strongly flattened)     5. alate     6. striate     7. ridged
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122. Fruticose branch flattening     1. bifacial     2. unifacial     3. pseudobifacial
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123. Fruticose branch segmentation     1. not segmented     2. segmented
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124. Fruticose branch segment abundance (numerical)
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
segments per cm

125. Fruticose branch aggregation     1. dense     2. loose     3. scattered     4. clustered     5. caespitose
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126. Thallus parts imbrication     1. not imbricate     2. imbricate
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127. Thallus parts distance     1. distant     2. neighboured
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128. Thallus parts distance [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
mm

129. Thallus parts length [categorical]     1. short     2. long
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130. Thallus parts length [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
mm long

131. Thallus parts width [categorical]     1. narrow     2. wide
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132. Thallus parts width [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
mm wide

133. Thallus parts thickness [categorical]     1. thin     2. thick
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134. Thallus parts thickness [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
mm thick


Thallus Morphology: Primary Thallus Morphology   back to top

135. Primary thallus persistence {in Cladonia, Cladia, Cladina etc.}     1. evanescent     2. persistent
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Thallus Morphology: Secondary Thallus Morphology   back to top

136. Secondary thallus presence     1. absent     2. present
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137. Secondary thallus origin     1. central     2. marginal
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138. Secondary thallus growth limitation     1. indeterminate     2. determinate
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139. Secondary thallus ramification     1. not branched     2. branched
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140. Stipe height [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
mm high

141. Stipe width [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
mm wide

142. Stipe surface colour     1. hyaline (translucent)     2. white     3. pale grey (= whitish grey, greyish white)     4. grey     5. dark gray (= greyish black, blackish grey)     6. black     7. red     8. pale red (= reddish white, whitish red, incl. pink, rosé)     9. grey-red (=greyish red, reddish grey)     10. brownish red (= reddish brown)     11. bluish red (= reddish blue, incl. violet, purple)     12. dark red (= blackish red, reddish black)     13. green     14. pale green (= greenish white, whitish green)     15. grey-green (= greyish green, greenish gray)     16. brownish green (= greenish brown, incl. olive, olivaceous)     17. bluish green (= greenish blue; incl. aeruginose, turquoise)     18. dark green (= blackish green, greenish black)     19. blue     20. pale blue (= bluish white, whitish blue)     21. grey-blue (= bluish grey, greyish blue)     22. brownish blue (= bluish brown)     23. dark blue (= blackish blue, bluish black)     24. yellow     25. pale yellow (= whitish yellow, yellowish white, incl. lemon, citrine)     26. grey-yellow (= greyish yellow, yellowish grey)     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     28. greenish yellow (= yellowish green, incl. lime green)     29. dark yellow (= blackish yellow, yellowish black)     30. brown     31. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)     32. grey-brown (= greyish brown, brownish grey)     33. dark brown (= brownish black, blackish brown)     34. orange (= reddish yellow, yellowish red)
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143. Stipe colour distribution     1. homogeneously coloured     2. tainted brown     3. blackening     4. mottled
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144. Stipe cortex presence     1. ecorticate     2. corticate
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145. Stipe wall structure     1. intact     2. longitudinally split     3. perforated     4. canaliculate (channelled)     5. pitted
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146. Stipe wall thickness [categorical]     1. thin     2. moderately wide     3. broad
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147. Stipe wall thickness [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm thick

148. Trunk structural integrity     1. intact (not cracked)     2. cracked (longitudinally split)
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149. Trunk colour     1. black     2. grey     3. blue     4. green     6. brown     7. red     8. white     9. dark gray (= greyish black, blackish grey)     10. dark yellow (= yellowish black, blackish yellow)     11. dark red (= blackish red, reddish black)     12. grey-blue (= bluish grey, greyish blue)     13. grey-green (= greyish green, greenish gray)     14. pale green (= greenish white, whitish green)     15. grey-brown (= greyish brown, brownish grey)     16. grey-red (= greyish red, reddish grey)     17. pale grey (= greyish white, whitish grey)     18. dark blue (= blackish blue, bluish black)     19. brownish blue (= bluish brown)     20. pale blue (= whitish blue, bluish white)     21. dark green (= blackish green, greenish black)     22. bluish green (= greenish blue; incl. aeruginose, turquoise)     23. brownish green (= greenish brown, incl. olive, olivaceous)     24. yellow     25. grey-yellow (= greyish yellow, yellowish grey)     26. greenish yellow (= yellowish green, incl. lime green)     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     29. pale yellow (= whitish yellow, yellowish white, incl. lemon, citrine)     30. dark brown (= brownish black, blackish brown)     31. brownish red (= reddish brown)     32. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)     33. bluish red (= reddish blue, incl. violet, purple)     34. orange (= reddish yellow, yellowish red)     35. pale red (= reddish white, whitish red, incl. pink, rosé)     36. hyaline (translucent)
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150. Trunk brightness [categorical]     1. pale     2. concolourous     3. darkened
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Thallus Morphology: Thallus Differentiation   back to top

151. Overall thallus diameter [categorical]     1. very small     2. small     3. medium-sized     4. large     5. very large
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152. Overall thallus diameter [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
cm in diameter

153. Overall thallus length [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
cm long

154. Thallus joints main branch {basal} constriction     1. basally not constricted     2. basally constricted
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155. Thallus joints secondary branch {basal} constriction     1. basally not constricted     2. basally constricted
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156. Thallus apex width [categorical]     1. not distinctly broader than average     2. distinctly broader than average
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157. Thallus apex width [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
mm wide

158. Thallus apex curvature     1. not curved     2. irregular     3. curved upwards     4. curved downwards
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159. Thallus apex outline     1. rounded     2. truncate     3. tapered
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Thallus Morphology: Outline   back to top

160. Thallus perimeter outline     1. irregular     2. orbicular
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161. Thallus perimeter zonation     1. simple     2. zonate     3. lobed     4. arachnoid     5. fimbriate
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162. Thallus perimeter delimitation     1. indistinct     2. distinct
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163. Thallus perimeter delimitation type     1. not rimmed     2. rimmed
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164. Thallus margin structure     1. entire     2. sulcate     3. dentate     4. laciniate     5. cucculate     6. undulate     7. isidiate     8. phyllidiate     9. crenulate     10. dissected     11. lobulate     12. sinuate     13. crenate
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165. Thallus margin orientation     1. down-turned     2. levelled     3. up-turned
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166. Thallus margin brightness [categorical]     1. paled     2. concolourous     3. darkened
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167. Primal thallus differentiation     1. peripheral (forming a prothallus)     2. extending (forming a hypothallus)
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168. Primal thallus persistence     1. disappearing     2. persistent
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169. Primal thallus development     1. vestigial     2. pronounced     3. cushion forming
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170. Primal thallus colour     1. black     2. grey     3. blue     4. green     5. yellow     6. brown     7. red     8. white     9. dark gray (= greyish black, blackish grey)     10. dark green (= blackish green, greenish black)     11. dark yellow (= yellowish black, blackish yellow)     12. dark brown (= brownish black, blackish brown)     13. dark red (= blackish red, reddish black)     14. grey-blue (= bluish grey, greyish blue)     15. grey-green (= greyish green, greenish gray)     16. grey-yellow (= greyish yellow, yellowish grey)     17. grey-brown (= greyish brown, brownish grey)     18. grey-red (= greyish red, reddish grey)     19. dark blue (= blackish blue, bluish black)     20. brownish blue (= bluish brown)     21. pale blue (= whitish blue, bluish white)     22. bluish green (= greenish blue; incl.aeruginose, turquoise)     23. brownish green (= greenish brown, incl. olive, olivaceous)     24. greenish yellow (= yellowish green, incl. lime green)     25. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     26. pale yellow (= whitish yellow, yellowish white, incl. lemon, citrine)     27. brownish red (= reddish brown)     28. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)     29. violet (= purple, bluish red, reddish blue)     30. orange (= reddish yellow, yellowish red)     31. pale grey (= greyish white, whitish grey)     32. pale green (= greenish white, whitish green)     33. pale red (= reddish white, whitish red, incl. pink, rosé)     34. hyaline (translucent)
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Thallus Morphology: Upper Thallus Surface   back to top

171. Upper surface aspect     1. verrucose     2. verruculose     3. papillose     4. areolated     5. even
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172. Upper surface colour     1. hyaline (translucent)     2. white     3. pale grey (= greyish white, whitish grey)     4. grey     5. dark gray (= greyish black, blackish grey)     6. black     7. red     8. pale red (= reddish white, whitish red, incl. pink, rosé)     9. grey-red (= greyish red, reddish grey)     10. brownish red (= reddish brown)     11. bluish red (= reddish blue, incl. violet, purple)     12. dark red (= blackish red, reddish black)     13. green     14. pale green (= greenish white, whitish green)     15. grey-green (= greyish green, greenish gray)     16. brownish green (= greenish brown, incl. olive, olivaceous)     17. bluish green (= greenish blue; incl. aeruginose, turquoise)     18. dark green (= blackish green, greenish black)     19. blue     20. pale blue (= whitish blue, bluish white)     21. grey-blue (= bluish grey, greyish blue)     22. brownish blue (= bluish brown)     23. dark blue (= blackish blue, bluish black)     24. yellow     25. pale yellow (= whitish yellow, yellowish white, incl. lemon, citrine)     26. grey-yellow (= greyish yellow, yellowish grey)     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     28. greenish yellow (= yellowish green, incl. lime green)     29. dark yellow (= yellowish black, blackish yellow)     30. brown     31. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)     32. grey-brown (= greyish brown, brownish grey)     33. dark brown (= brownish black, blackish brown)     34. orange (= reddish yellow, yellowish red)
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173. Upper surface convolution     1. convoluted     2. canaliculate (channelled)
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174. Upper surface curvature     1. plane     2. subconcave     3. concave     4. subconvex     5. convex
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175. Upper surface glossiness     1. matt (opaque, dull)     2. glossy (shiny)     3. vitreous
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176. Upper surface roughness     1. smooth     2. rough
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177. Upper surface texture     1. farinose     2. pulverulaceous     3. byssoid     4. erose     5. pannose
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178. Upper surface special structures: presence     1. absent     2. present
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179. Upper surface fissures: presence     1. absent     2. present
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180. Upper surface fissures: arrangement     1. single     2. reticulate
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181. Upper surface fissures: development     1. sparingly developed     2. strongly developed
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182. Upper surface fissures: extrusions     1. absent     2. present
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183. Upper surface fissures: location     1. central     2. peripheral     3. laminal
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184. Upper surface fissures: orientation     1. longitudinal     2. transverse     3. without predominant orientation     4. both transverse and longitudinal
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185. Upper surface fissures: position     1. on tubercles     2. on wrinkles     3. on folds     4. within pseudocyphellae     5. between wrinkles     6. on undulations     7. on papillae
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186. Upper surface pits: presence     1. absent     2. present
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187. Upper surface pits: exposure     1. appressed     2. prominent
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188. Upper surface pits: width     1. broad     2. narrow
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189. Upper surface folds: presence     1. absent     2. present
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190. Upper surface folds: orientation     1. without particular orientation     2. longitudinally orientated     3. transversally orientated
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191. Upper surface maculae: presence     1. absent     2. present
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192. Upper surface maculae: outline     1. punctiform     2. orbicular     3. linear     4. irregular     5. reticulate
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193. Upper surface patches: presence     1. absent     2. present
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194. Upper surface patches: colour     1. hyaline (translucent)     2. white     3. pale grey (= greyish white, whitish grey)     4. grey     5. dark gray (= greyish black, blackish grey)     6. black     7. red     8. pale red (= reddish white, whitish red, incl. pink, rosé)     9. grey-red (= greyish red, reddish grey)     10. brownish red (= reddish brown)     11. bluish red (= reddish blue, incl. violet, purple)     12. dark red (= blackish red, reddish black)     13. green     14. pale green (= greenish white, whitish green)     15. grey-green (= greyish green, greenish gray)     16. brownish green (= greenish brown, incl. olive, olivaceous)     17. bluish green (= greenish blue; incl. aeruginose, turquoise)     18. dark green (= blackish green, greenish black)     19. blue     20. pale blue (= whitish blue, bluish white)     21. grey-blue (= bluish grey, greyish blue)     22. brownish blue (= bluish brown)     23. dark blue (= blackish blue, bluish black)     24. yellow     25. pale yellow (= whitish yellow, yellowish white, incl. lemon, citrine)     26. grey-yellow (= greyish yellow, yellowish grey)     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     28. greenish yellow (= yellowish green, incl. lime green)     29. dark yellow (= yellowish black, blackish yellow)     30. brown     31. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)     32. grey-brown (= greyish brown, brownish grey)     33. dark brown (= brownish black, blackish brown)     34. orange (= reddish yellow, yellowish red)
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195. Upper surface patches: outline     1. punctiform     2. orbicular     3. linear     4. irregular     5. reticulate
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196. Upper surface pruina: presence     1. epruinose     2. pruinose
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197. Upper surface pruina: abundance     1. scarce     2. abundant
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198. Upper surface pruina: colour     1. blackish     2. greyish     3. bluish     4. greenish     5. yellowish     6. brownish     7. reddish     8. whitish
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199. Upper surface pruina: distribution     1. continuous     2. patchy
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200. Upper surface pruina: location     1. central     2. laminal     3. peripheral
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201. Upper surface pseudocyphellae: presence     1. absent     2. present
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202. Upper surface pseudocyphellae: length [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
mm long

203. Upper surface pseudocyphellae: width [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
mm wide

204. Upper surface pseudocyphellae: arrangement     1. isolated     2. reticulate
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205. Upper surface pseudocyphellae: distance {from one another}
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
mm distant from each other

206. Upper surface pseudocyphellae: distribution     1. distributed all over the surface     2. distributed locally on the surface
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207. Upper surface pseudocyphellae: exposure     1. sunken     2. plane     3. prominent
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208. Upper surface pseudocyphellae: location     1. central     2. laminal     3. peripheral
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209. Upper surface pseudocyphellae: outline     1. punctiform     2. orbicular     3. linear     4. irregular     5. reticulate
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210. Upper surface pseudocyphellae: position     1. submarginal     2. marginal
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211. Upper surface pseudocyphellae: prominence     1. not prominent     3. on tubercles (warts)     4. on wrinkles     5. on folds     6. on undulations     7. on papillae
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212. Upper surface undulations: presence     1. absent     2. present
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213. Upper surface wrinkles: presence     1. absent     2. present
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214. Upper surface wrinkles: arrangement     1. single     2. reticulate
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215. Upper surface wrinkles: location     1. central     2. peripheral     3. laminal
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216. Upper surface wrinkles: position     1. submarginal     2. marginal
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217. Upper surface wrinkles: orientation     1. longitutinal     2. transversal     3. without predominant orientation
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218. Upper surface cilia: presence     1. eciliate     2. ciliate
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219. Upper surface cilia: kind     1. spinulous     2. slender     3. bulbate
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220. Upper surface cilia: position     1. basal     2. apical     3. laminal     4. forming a fringe     5. interspersed     6. marginal     7. in axils     8. among isidia     9. on tubercles     B. on lobules
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221. Upper surface cilia: shape     1. bulbate     2. conical     3. cylindrical
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222. Upper surface cilia: length [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
mm long

223. Upper surface cilia: arrangement     1. in fish-bone like pattern     2. without distinct pattern
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224. Upper surface cilia: apical brightness [categorical]     1. bright tipped     2. evenly coloured     3. dark tipped
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225. Upper surface hairs: presence     1. absent     2. present
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226. Upper surface hairs: colour     1. hyaline (translucent)     2. white     3. pale grey (= greyish white, whitish grey)     4. grey     5. dark gray (= greyish black, blackish grey)     6. black     7. red     8. pale red (= reddish white, whitish red, incl. pink, rosé)     9. grey-red (= greyish red, reddish grey)     10. brownish red (= reddish brown)     11. bluish red (= reddish blue, incl. violet, purple)     12. dark red (= blackish red, reddish black)     13. green     14. pale green (= greenish white, whitish green)     15. grey-green (= greyish green, greenish gray)     16. brownish green (= greenish brown, incl. olive, olivaceous)     17. bluish green (= greenish blue; incl. aeruginose, turquoise)     18. dark green (= blackish green, greenish black)     19. blue     20. pale blue (= whitish blue, bluish white)     21. grey-blue (= bluish grey, greyish blue)     22. brownish blue (= bluish brown)     23. dark blue (= blackish blue, bluish black)     24. yellow     25. pale yellow (= whitish yellow, yellowish white, incl. lemon, citrine)     26. grey-yellow (= greyish yellow, yellowish grey)     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     28. greenish yellow (= yellowish green, incl. lime green)     29. dark yellow (= yellowish black, blackish yellow)     30. brown     31. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)     32. grey-brown (= greyish brown, brownish grey)     33. dark brown (= brownish black, blackish brown)     34. orange (= yellowish red, reddish yellow)
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227. Upper surface hairs: location     1. basal     2. apical     3. laminal     4. interspersed     5. marginal
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228. Upper surface hairs position     1. on thallus lobes or branches     2. among isidia     3. on tubercles     4. on lobules     5. in axils
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229. Upper surface hairs: shape     1. straight     2. wavy     3. interwoven (branched)
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230. Upper surface isidia: presence     1. absent     2. present
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231. Upper surface isidia: location     1. central     2. laminal     3. peripheral
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232. Upper surface isidia: position {across the surface}     1. marginal     2. submarginal     3. apical
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233. Upper surface isidia: position {on other structures}     1. on tubercles (warts)     2. on wrinkles     3. on folds     4. on waves
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234. Upper surface isidia: arrangement     1. isolated     2. clustered
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235. Upper surface isidia: shape     1. globular     2. tuberculate     3. pustular     4. inflated     5. cylindrical     6. clavate     7. spathulate     8. peltate (incl. scutelliform)
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236. Upper surface isidia: colour [relative]     1. paled     2. concolourous (with thallus)     3. darkened
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237. Upper surface isidia: ramification     1. not branched     2. branched
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238. Upper surface isidia: ramification pattern     1. sparse     2. coralloid     3. moderate
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239. Upper surface isidia: apical brightness [categorical]     1. paled (at the isidium tip)     2. concolorous (with rest of isidium)     3. darkened (at the isidium tip)
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240. Upper surface isidiomorphs: presence     1. absent     2. present
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241. Upper surface isidiomorphs: development     1. on immature soralia only     2. on mature and immature soralia     3. on mature soralia only
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242. Upper surface isidiomorphs: brightness [categorical]     1. paled     2. concolourous (with thallus)     3. darkened
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243. Upper surface papillae: presence     1. absent     2. present
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244. Upper surface papillae: shape     1. minute (barely distinct)     2. subhemispherical     3. verrucose     4. cylindrical
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245. Upper surface pustules: presence     1. absent     2. present
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246. Upper surface pustules: shape     1. regular (cylindrical, not inflated or flattened)     2. inflated     3. spathulate
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247. Upper surface setae: presence     1. absent     2. present
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248. Upper surface setae: brightness [categorical]     1. paled     2. partially pigmented     3. darkened
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249. Upper surface setae: ramification     1. unbranched     2. laterally branched     3. apically branched
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250. Upper surface setae: length [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
mm long

251. Upper surface setae: basal width [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
mm wide

252. Upper surface soralia: presence     1. absent     2. present
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253. Upper surface soralia: diameter [categorical]     1. minute     2. broad
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254. Upper surface soralia: diameter [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
mm in diam.

255. Upper surface soralia: colour     1. hyaline (translucent)     2. white     3. pale grey (= greyish white, whitish grey)     4. grey     5. dark green (= greenish black, blackish green)     6. black     7. red     8. pale red (= reddish white, whitish red, incl. pink, rosé)     9. grey-red (= greyish red, reddish grey)     10. brownish red (= reddish brown)     11. bluish red (= reddish blue, incl. violet, purple)     12. dark red (= blackish red, reddish black)     13. green     14. pale green (= greenish white, whitish green)     15. grey-green (= greyish green, greenish gray)     16. brownish green (= greenish brown, incl. olive, olivaceous)     17. bluish green (= greenish blue; incl. aeruginose, turquoise)     18. dark gray (= greyish black, blackish grey)     19. blue     20. pale blue (= whitish blue, bluish white)     21. grey-blue (= bluish grey, greyish blue)     22. brownish blue (= bluish brown)     23. dark blue ( = bluish black, blackish blue)     24. yellow     25. pale yellow (= whitish yellow, yellowish white, incl. lemon, citrine)     26. grey-yellow (= greyish yellow, yellowish grey)     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     28. greenish yellow (= yellowish green, incl. lime green)     29. dark yellow (= yellowish black, blackish yellow)     30. brown     31. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)     32. grey-brown (= greyish brown, brownish grey)     33. dark brown (= brownish black, blackish brown)     34. orange (= reddish yellow, yellowish red)
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256. Upper surface soralia: location     1. central     2. laminal     3. subperipheral     4. peripheral
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257. Upper surface soralia: position     1. apical     2. subapical     3. lateral
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258. Upper surface soralia: origin     1. "ab initio" (literally: from the the beginning, i.e., directly forming on anywhere on thallus surface, breaking through the cortex)     2. papillar (forming at the tips of papillae, i.e., elongated, finger-like projections)     3. tubercular (eroding from the tip of tubercles, warts)     4. pustular (erupting from pustules)     5. nodular (developing on contorted, knot-like structures of branches of fruticose lichens)     6. rugular (originating on wrinkles)     7. on folds (forming on thallus folds)     8. fissural (forming from cracks or fissures)     9. undular (forming on thallus undulations)     10. along scars of fibrils
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259. Upper surface soralia: shape     1. semicapitate     2. capitate     3. hooded (helmet-shaped)     4. spathulate     5. labriform     6. maculiform     7. ear-shaped
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260. Upper surface soralia: outline     1. erose (diffuse, unspecific)     2. punctiform     3. irregular ("effigurate")     4. linear
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261. Upper surface soralia: elevation     1. concave     2. plane     3. prominent
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262. Upper surface soralia: excavation     1. slightly excavated     2. fully excavated
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263. Upper surface soralia: density [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
per mm²

264. Upper surface soralia: differentiation     1. not confluent     2. confluent (but not fusing)     3. fusing     4. spreading
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265. Upper surface soralia: arrangement     1. in isolated lines     2. reticulate fused
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266. Upper surface soralia: orientation     1. longitudinal     2. transversal
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267. Upper surface soralia: delimitation     1. emarginate     2. marginate
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268. Upper surface soralia: development {from isidia}     1. not isidiate     2. isidiate
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269. Upper surface soredia: diameter [categorical]     1. grainy (coarse)     2. farinose (fine)
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270. Upper surface soredia: diameter [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm in diam.

271. Upper surface tubercles: presence     1. absent     2. present
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272. Upper surface tubercles: size [categorical]     1. very small     2. small     3. large
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273. Upper surface tubercles: width [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
mm wide

274. Upper surface tubercles: colour     1. hyaline (translucent)     2. white     3. pale grey (= greyish white, whitish grey)     4. grey     5. dark gray (= greyish black, blackish grey)     6. black     7. red     8. pale red (= reddish white, whitish red, incl. pink, rosé)     9. grey-red (= greyish red, reddish grey)     10. brownish red (= reddish brown)     11. bluish red (= reddish blue, incl. violet, purple)     12. dark red (= blackish red, reddish black)     13. green     14. pale green (= greenish white, whitish green)     15. grey-green (= greyish green, greenish gray)     16. brownish green (= greenish brown, incl. olive, olivaceous)     17. bluish green (= greenish blue; incl. aeruginose, turquoise)     18. dark green (= blackish green, greenish black)     19. blue     20. pale blue (= whitish blue, bluish white)     21. grey-blue (= bluish grey, greyish blue)     22. brownish blue (= bluish brown)     23. dark blue (= blackish blue, bluish black)     24. yellow     25. pale yellow (= whitish yellow, yellowish white, incl. lemon, citrine)     26. grey-yellow (= greyish yellow, yellowish grey)     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     28. greenish yellow (= yellowish green, incl. lime green)     29. dark yellow (= yellowish black, blackish yellow)     30. brown     31. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)     32. grey-brown (= greyish brown, brownish grey)     33. dark brown (= brownish black, blackish brown)     34. orange (= reddish yellow, yellowish red)
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275. Upper surface cephalodia: presence     1. absent     2. present
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276. Upper surface blastidia: presence     1. absent     2. present
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277. Upper surface schizidia: presence     1. absent     2. present
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278. Upper surface lobules: presence     1. absent     2. present
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279. Upper surface granules: presence     1. absent     2. present
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280. Upper surface thalloconidia: presence     1. absent     2. present
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Thallus Morphology: Lower Thallus Surface   back to top

281. Lower surface presence     1. absent     2. present
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282. Lower surface overall colour     1. hyaline (translucent)     2. white     3. pale grey (= greyish white, whitish grey)     4. grey     5. dark gray (= greyish black, blackish grey)     6. black     7. red     8. pale red (= reddish white, whitish red, incl. pink, rosé)     9. grey-red (= greyish red, reddish grey)     10. brownish red (= reddish brown)     11. bluish red (= reddish blue, incl. violet, purple)     12. dark red (= blackish red, reddish black)     13. green     14. pale green (= greenish white, whitish green)     15. grey-green (= greyish green, greenish gray)     16. brownish green (= greenish brown, incl. olive, olivaceous)     17. bluish green (= greenish blue; incl. aeruginose, turquoise)     18. dark green (= blackish green, greenish black)     19. blue     20. pale blue (= whitish blue, bluish white)     21. grey-blue (= bluish grey, greyish blue)     22. brownish blue (= bluish brown)     23. dark blue (= blackish blue, bluish black)     24. yellow     25. pale yellow (= whitish yellow, yellowish white, incl. lemon, citrine)     26. grey-yellow (= greyish yellow, yellowish grey)     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     28. greenish yellow (= yellowish green, incl. lime green)     29. dark yellow (= yellowish black, blackish yellow)     30. brown     31. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)     32. grey-brown (= greyish brown, brownish grey)     33. dark brown (= brownish black, blackish brown)     34. orange (= reddish yellow, yellowish red)
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283. Lower surface central colour     1. hyaline (translucent)     2. white     3. pale grey (= greyish white, whitish grey)     4. grey     5. dark gray (= greyish black, blackish grey)     6. black     7. red     8. pale red (= reddish white, whitish red, incl. pink, rosé)     9. grey-red (= greyish red, reddish grey)     10. brownish red (= reddish brown)     11. bluish red (= reddish blue, incl. violet, purple)     12. dark red (= blackish red, reddish black)     13. green     14. pale green (= greenish white, whitish green)     15. grey-green (= greyish green, greenish gray)     16. brownish green (= greenish brown, incl. olive, olivaceous)     17. bluish green (= greenish blue; incl. aeruginose, turquoise)     18. dark green (= blackish green, greenish black)     19. blue     20. pale blue (= whitish blue, bluish white)     21. grey-blue (= bluish grey, greyish blue)     22. brownish blue (= bluish brown)     23. dark blue (= blackish blue, bluish black)     24. yellow     25. pale yellow (= whitish yellow, yellowish white, incl. lemon, citrine)     26. grey-yellow (= greyish yellow, yellowish grey)     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     28. greenish yellow (= yellowish green, incl. lime green)     29. dark yellow (= yellowish black, blackish yellow)     30. brown     31. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)     32. grey-brown (= greyish brown, brownish grey)     33. dark brown (= brownish black, blackish brown)     34. orange (= reddish yellow, yellowish red)
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284. Lower surface peripheral colour     1. black     2. grey     3. blue     4. green     5. yellow     6. brown     7. red     8. white     9. dark gray (= greyish black, blackish grey)     10. dark yellow (= yellowish black, blackish yellow)     11. dark brown (= brownish black, blackish brown)     12. dark red (= blackish red, reddish black)     13. grey-blue (= bluish grey, greyish blue)     14. grey-red (= greyish red, reddish grey)     15. dark blue (= blackish blue, bluish black)     16. brownish blue (= bluish brown)     17. pale blue (= whitish blue, bluish white)     18. dark green (= blackish green, greenish black)     19. grey-green (= greyish green, greenish gray)     20. bluish green (= greenish blue; incl. aeruginose, turquoise)     21. brownish green (= greenish brown, incl. olive, olivaceous)     22. grey-yellow (= greyish yellow, yellowish grey)     23. greenish yellow (= yellowish green, incl. lime green)     24. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     25. pale yellow (= whitish yellow, yellowish white, incl. lemon, citrine)     26. grey-brown (= greyish brown, brownish grey)     27. brownish red (= reddish brown)     28. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)     29. violet (= purple, bluish red, reddish blue)     30. orange (= reddish yellow, yellowish red)     31. pale grey (= greyish white, whitish grey)     32. pale green (= greenish white, whitish green)     33. pale red (= reddish white, whitish red, incl. pink, rosé)     34. hyaline (translucent)
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285. Lower surface attachment extent     1. not attached     2. loosely attached     3. firmly attached
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286. Lower surface attachment kind     1. by the whole lower surface     2. by holdfasts     3. lacking
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287. Lower surface special structures: presence     1. absent     2. present    Other (enter as text): 
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288. Lower surface pseudocyphellae: presence     1. absent     2. present
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289. Lower surface pseudocyphellae: outline     1. punctiform     2. orbicular     3. linear     4. irregular
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290. Lower surface pseudocyphellae: position {on thallus surface}     1. laminal     2. submarginal     3. marginal
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291. Lower surface pseudocyphellae: position {on thallus surface structures}     1. on folds     2. on wrinkles     3. tubercular     4. undular
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292. Lower surface pseudocyphellae: exposure     1. sunken     2. plane     3. prominent
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293. Lower surface pseudocyphellae: arrangement     1. single     2. reticulate
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294. Lower surface pseudocyphellae: distribution     1. extending (all accross the surface)     2. restricted (to parts of the surface)
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295. Lower surface cyphellae: presence     1. absent     2. present
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296. Lower surface wrinkles: presence     1. absent     2. present
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297. Lower surface wrinkles: location     1. central     2. peripheral     3. laminal
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298. Lower surface wrinkles: arrangement     1. isolated     2. reticulate
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299. Lower surface wrinkles: orientation     1. longitudinal     2. transversal     3. irregular
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300. Lower surface rhizines: presence     1. absent     2. present (rhizinate)
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301. Lower surface rhizines: location     1. central     2. laminal     3. peripheral
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302. Lower surface rhizines: abundance     1. sparse     2. moderately abundant     3. abundant
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303. Lower surface rhizines: arrangement     1. widely dispersed     2. densely aggregated
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304. Lower surface rhizines: aggregation     1. evenly distributed     2. in patches     3. on wrinkles
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305. Lower surface rhizines: extent     1. extending all across the lower surface (non-rhizinate margin absent)     2. with a narrow non-rhizinate margin     3. with a broad non-rhizinate margin
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306. Lower surface rhizines: shape     1. regular     2. coacervate (clustered hyphae)
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307. Lower surface rhizines: colour     1. hyaline (translucent)     2. white     3. pale grey (= greyish white, whitish grey)     4. grey     5. dark gray (= greyish black, blackish grey)     6. black     7. red     8. pale red (= reddish white, whitish red, incl. pink, rosé)     9. grey-red (= greyish red, reddish grey)     10. brownish red (= reddish brown)     11. bluish red (= reddish blue, incl. violet, purple)     12. dark red (= blackish red, reddish black)     13. green     14. pale green (= greenish white, whitish green)     15. grey-green (= greyish green, greenish gray)     16. brownish green (= greenish brown, incl. olive, olivaceous)     17. bluish green (= greenish blue; incl. aeruginose, turquoise)     18. dark green (= blackish green, greenish black)     19. blue     20. pale blue (= whitish blue, bluish white)     21. grey-blue (= bluish grey, greyish blue)     22. brownish blue (= bluish brown)     23. dark blue (= blackish blue, bluish black)     24. yellow     25. pale yellow (= whitish yellow, yellowish white, incl. lemon, citrine)     26. grey-yellow (= greyish yellow, yellowish grey)     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     28. greenish yellow (= yellowish green, incl. lime green)     29. dark yellow (= yellowish black, blackish yellow)     30. brown     31. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)     32. grey-brown (= greyish brown, brownish grey)     33. dark brown (= brownish black, blackish brown)     34. orange (= yellowish red, reddish yellow)
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308. Lower surface rhizines: tip shape     1. pointed     2. bulbate
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309. Lower surface rhizines: projections     1. absent     2. present
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310. Lower surface rhizines: ramification     1. not branched     2. branched
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311. Lower surface rhizines: ramification pattern     1. irregular     2. dichotomous     3. squarrose     4. sparsely furcate
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312. Lower surface rhizinomorph: presence     1. absent     2. present
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313. Lower surface rhizinomorph: position     1. evenly distributed     2. in patches     3. on wrinkles
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314. Lower surface rhizinomorph: colour     1. hyaline (translucent)     2. white     3. pale grey (= greyish white, whitish grey)     4. grey     5. dark gray (= greyish black, blackish grey)     6. black     7. red     8. pale red (= reddish white, whitish red, incl. pink, rosé)     9. grey-red (= greyish red, reddish grey)     10. brownish red (= reddish brown)     11. bluish red (= reddish blue, incl. violet, purple)     12. dark red (= blackish red, reddish black)     13. green     14. pale green (= greenish white, whitish green)     15. grey-green (= greyish green, greenish gray)     16. brownish green (= greenish brown, incl. olive, olivaceous)     17. bluish green (= greenish blue; incl. aeruginose, turquoise)     18. dark green (= blackish green, greenish black)     19. blue     20. pale blue (= whitish blue, bluish white)     21. grey-blue (= bluish grey, greyish blue)     22. brownish blue (= bluish brown)     23. dark blue (= blackish blue, bluish black)     24. yellow     25. pale yellow (= whitish yellow, yellowish white, incl. lemon, citrine)     26. grey-yellow (= greyish yellow, yellowish grey)     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     28. greenish yellow (= yellowish green, incl. lime green)     29. dark yellow (= yellowish black, blackish yellow)     30. brown     31. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)     32. grey-brown (= greyish brown, brownish grey)     33. dark brown (= brownish black, blackish brown)     34. orange (= reddish yellow, yellowish red)
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315. Lower surface rhizinomorph: ramification     1. not branched     2. branched
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316. Lower surface soralia: presence     1. absent     2. present
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317. Lower surface soralia: location     1. subperipheral     2. peripheral     3. laminal
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318. Lower surface soralia: position     1. apical     2. lateral     3. subapical
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319. Lower surface thalloconidia: presence     1. absent     2. present
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320. Lower surface thalloconidia: location     1. peripheral     2. subperipheral     3. laminal
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321. Lower surface thalloconidia: position     1. apical     2. subapical     3. lateral
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322. Lower surface tubercles: presence     1. absent     2. present
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323. Lower surface tubercles: height [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
mm high

324. Lower surface tubercles: diameter [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
mm in diameter

325. Lower surface cavernae: presence     1. absent     2. present
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326. Lower surface tomentum: presence     1. absent     2. present
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327. Lower surface veins presence     1. absent     2. present
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Functional Thallus Properties   back to top

328. Hygrochasic movement capability     1. not hygrochasic     2. hygrochasic
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Thallus Anatomy: Upper Cortex   back to top

329. Upper cortex: presence     1. absent     2. present
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330. Upper cortex type     1. phenocortical     2. eucortical     3. pseudocortical
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331. Upper cortex height [percentage]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
% of thallus width

332. Upper cortex height [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm high

333. Upper cortex height [categorical]     1. thin     2. moderately thick     3. thick
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334. Upper cortex plectenchyma structure     1. prosoplectenchymatous     2. paraplectenchymatous
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335. Upper cortex paraplectenchyma type     1. textura globularis     2. textura angularis     3. scleroplectenchymatous type A     4. scleroplectenchymatous type B     5. textura epidermoidea (sinuous cells, tightly packed)
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336. Upper cortex prosoplectenchyma type     1. scleroprosoplectenchymatous     2. serioplectenchymatous     3. palisade plectenchyma     4. textura chondroidea     5. textura prismatica     6. textura oblita     7. textura porrecta     8. textura intricata (unspecified)     9. dense textura intricata     10. loose textura intricata
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337. Upper cortex hyphal orientation     1. periclinal     2. anticlinal     3. irregular
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338. Upper cortex layer layer differentiation     1. one     2. two
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339. Upper cortex hyphal cell structure     1. chondroid     2. leptodermatous     3. mesodermatous     4. pachydermatous
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340. Upper cortex hyphal cell width [categorical]     1. narrow     2. moderately wide     3. broad
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341. Upper cortex hyphal cell width [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm wide

342. Upper cortex hyphal cell strands     1. conical hyphal cell strands penetrating the photobiont layer     2. irregular hyphal cell strands     3. without distinct strands of hyphae
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343. Upper cortex inspersion type     1. not inspers     2. inspersed with oil droplets     3. inspersed with crystals
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344. Upper cortex inspersion oil droplet size     1. small (< 5 µm in diameter)     2. medium (5-10 µm in diameter)     3. large (>10 µm in diameter)
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345. Upper cortex inspersion oil droplet abundance     1. scarce (hardly inspers)     2. moderately abundant (weakly inspers)     3. strongly abundant (strongly inspers)
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346. Upper cortex inspersion crystal size     1. small (< 5 µm in diameter)     2. medium (5-10 µm in diameter)     3. large (>10 µm in diameter)
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347. Upper cortex inspersion crystal abundance     1. scarce     2. abundant
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348. Upper cortex inspersion crystal solubility     1. dissolving in 10% KOH     2. not dissolving in 10% KOH     3. dissolving in conc. HNO3     4. not dissolving in conc. HNO3     5. forming CaSO4 needles in 10% H2SO4     6. not forming CaSO4 needles in 10% H2SO4
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349. Upper cortex pigment location     1. in upper layer     2. in lower layer     3. throughout both layers
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350. Upper cortex gel presence     1. absent     2. present
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351. Upper cortex euamyloid reaction     1. in in in Lugol's Solution Solution Solution negative     2. in in Lugol's Solution Solution positive
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352. Upper cortex hemiamyloid reactivity     1. not hemiamyloid     2. hemiamyloid
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353. Upper cortex iodine reaction intensity     1. weak     2. strong
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354. Upper cortex epinecral layer: presence     1. absent     2. present
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355. Upper cortex epinecral layer: height [categorical]     1. thin     2. moderately thick     3. thick
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356. Upper cortex epinecral layer: height [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm thick

357. Upper cortex necrotic photobiont layer: presence     1. absent (ZnIKI – )     2. present (ZnIKI + )
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358. Upper cortex necrotic photobiont layer: height [categorical]     1. thin     2. moderately thick     3. thick
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359. Upper cortex necrotic photobiont layer: height [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm thick

360. Upper cortex epicortex: presence     1. absent     2. present
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361. Upper cortex epicortex: height [categorical]     1. thin     2. moderately thick     3. thick
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362. Upper cortex epicortex: height [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm thick

363. Upper cortex epicortex: differentiation     1. non-porous (i.e., forming a syncortex)     2. subporous     3. porous
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364. Upper cortex outer layer: colour     1. hyaline (translucent)     2. white     3. pale grey (= greyish white, whitish grey)     4. grey     5. dark gray (= greyish black, blackish grey)     6. black     7. red     8. pale red (= reddish white, whitish red, incl. pink, rosé)     9. grey-red (= greyish red, reddish grey)     10. brownish red (= reddish brown)     11. bluish red (= reddish blue, incl. violet, purple)     12. dark red (= blackish red, reddish black)     13. green     14. pale green (= greenish white, whitish green)     15. grey-green (= greyish green, greenish gray)     16. brownish green (= greenish brown, incl. olive, olivaceous)     17. bluish green (= greenish blue; incl. aeruginose, turquoise)     18. dark green (= blackish green, greenish black)     19. blue     20. pale blue (= whitish blue, bluish white)     21. grey-blue (= bluish grey, greyish blue)     22. brownish blue (= bluish brown)     23. dark blue (= blackish blue, bluish black)     24. yellow     25. pale yellow (= whitish yellow, yellowish white, incl. lemon, citrine)     26. grey-yellow (= greyish yellow, yellowish grey)     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     28. greenish yellow (= yellowish green, incl. lime green)     29. dark yellow (= yellowish black, blackish yellow)     30. brown     31. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)     32. grey-brown (= greyish brown, brownish grey)     33. dark brown (= brownish black, blackish brown)     34. orange (= reddish yellow, yellowish red)
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365. Upper ortex outer layer: height [categorical]     1. thin     2. moderately thick     3. thick
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366. Upper cortex outer layer: height [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm thick

367. Upper cortex outer layer: structure     1. prosoplectenchymatous     2. paraplectenchymatous     3. scleroplectenchymatous
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368. Upper cortex inner layer: colour     1. hyaline (translucent)     2. white     3. pale grey (= greyish white, whitish grey)     4. grey     5. dark gray (= greyish black, blackish grey)     6. black     7. red     8. pale red (= reddish white, whitish red, incl. pink, rosé)     9. grey-red (= greyish red, reddish grey)     10. brownish red (= reddish brown)     11. bluish red (= reddish blue, incl. violet, purple)     12. dark red (= blackish red, reddish black)     13. green     14. pale green (= greenish white, whitish green)     15. grey-green (= greyish green, greenish gray)     16. brownish green (= greenish brown, incl. olive, olivaceous)     17. bluish green (= greenish blue; incl. aeruginose, turquoise)     18. dark green (= blackish green, greenish black)     19. blue     20. pale blue (= whitish blue, bluish white)     21. grey-blue (= bluish grey, greyish blue)     22. brownish blue (= bluish brown)     23. dark blue (= blackish blue, bluish black)     24. yellow     25. pale yellow (= whitish yellow, yellowish white, incl. lemon, citrine)     26. grey-yellow (= greyish yellow, yellowish grey)     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     28. greenish yellow (= yellowish green, incl. lime green)     29. dark yellow (= yellowish black, blackish yellow)     30. brown     31. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)     32. grey-brown (= greyish brown, brownish grey)     33. dark brown (= brownish black, blackish brown)     34. orange (= reddish yellow, yellowish red)
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369. Upper cortex inner layer: height [categorical]     1. thin     2. moderately thick     3. thick
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370. Upper cortex inner layer: height [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm thick

371. Upper cortex inner layer: structure     1. prosoplectenchymatous     2. paraplectenchymatous     3. scleroplectenchymatous
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Thallus Anatomy: Photobiont Layer   back to top

372. Photobiont layer: differentiation     1. thallus homoimerous     2. thallus heteromerous
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373. Photobiont layer: height [categorical]     1. thin     2. moderately thick     3. thick
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374. Photobiont layer: height [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm thick

375. Photobiont layer: zonation     1. single-layered     2. multi-layered
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376. Photobiont layer: compartmentalization     1. continuous     2. clustered     3. in vaulted chambers     4. scattered
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377. Photobiont layer: hyphal cell size [categorical]     1. narrow, smaller than the medullar hyphae     2. large, similar in size to medullar hyphae
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Thallus Anatomy: Medulla   back to top

378. Medulla presence     1. absent     2. present
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379. Medulla differentiation     1. single-layered     2. double-layered
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380. Medulla height [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm thick

381. Medulla height [relative]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
% of branch width

382. Medulla height [categorical]     1. thin     2. moderately thick     3. thick
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383. Medulla colour     1. hyaline (translucent)     2. white     3. pale grey (= greyish white, whitish grey)     4. grey     5. dark gray (= greyish black, blackish grey)     6. black     7. red     8. pale red (= reddish white, whitish red, incl. pink, rosé)     9. grey-red (= greyish red, reddish grey)     10. brownish red (= reddish brown)     11. bluish red (= reddish blue, incl. violet, purple)     12. dark red (= blackish red, reddish black)     13. green     14. pale green (= greenish white, whitish green)     15. grey-green (= greyish green, greenish gray)     16. brownish green (= greenish brown, incl. olive, olivaceous)     17. bluish green (= greenish blue; incl. aeruginose, turquoise)     18. dark green (= blackish green, greenish black)     19. blue     20. pale blue (= whitish blue, bluish white)     21. grey-blue (= bluish grey, greyish blue)     22. brownish blue (= bluish brown)     23. dark blue (= blackish blue, bluish black)     24. yellow     25. pale yellow (= whitish yellow, yellowish white, incl. lemon, citrine)     26. grey-yellow (= greyish yellow, yellowish grey)     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     28. greenish yellow (= yellowish green, incl. lime green)     29. dark yellow (= yellowish black, blackish yellow)     30. brown     31. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)     32. grey-brown (= greyish brown, brownish grey)     33. dark brown (= brownish black, blackish brown)     34. orange (= reddish yellow, yellowish red)
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384. Medulla density     1. compact     2. dense     3. loose     4. very loose, becoming hollow
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385. Medulla central axis: presence     1. absent     2. present
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386. Medulla central axis: width [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
% of thallus width

387. Medulla central axis: structure     1. solid     2. fistulose     3. hollow
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388. Medulla hyphal arrangement     1. forming several bundles     2. forming a compact mass
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389. Medulla hyphal orientation     1. predominantly along the lobe axis     2. without particular orientation in upper part, predominantly along the lobe axis in lower part     3. without particular orientation
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390. Medulla hyphal septum widening     1. not widened     2. widened
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391. Medulla storage cell presence     1. absent     2. present
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392. Medulla storage cell distribution     1. single     2. like a string of pearls
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393. Medulla euamyloid reactivity     1. in in Lugol's Solution Solution negative     2. in in Lugol's Solution Solution positive
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394. Medulla hemiamyloid reactivity     1. not hemiamyloid     2. hemiamyloid
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395. Medulla iodine reaction intensity     1. weakly euamyloid     2. strongly euamyloid
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396. Medulla iodine reaction colour     1. I + blue     2. I + violet     3. I + red     4. I + reddish yellow
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Thallus Anatomy: Lower Cortex   back to top

397. Lower cortex presence     1. absent     2. present
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398. Lower cortex type     1. pseudocortical     2. phenocortical     3. eucortical
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399. Lower cortex height [categorical]     1. thin     2. moderately thick     3. thick
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400. Lower cortex height [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm thick

401. Lower cortex plectenchyma structure     1. paraplectenchymatous     2. prosoplectenchymatous
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402. Lower cortex paraplectenchyma type     1. textura globularis     2. textura angularis     3. scleroplectenchymatous type A     4. scleroplectenchymatous type B     5. textura epidermoidea (sinuous cells, tightly packed)
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403. Lower cortex prosoplectenchyma type     1. scleroprosoplectenchymatous     2. serioplectenchymatous     3. palisade plectenchyma     4. textura chondroidea     5. textura prismatica     6. textura oblita     7. textura porrecta     8. textura intricata (unspecified)     9. dense textura intricata     10. loose textura intricata
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404. Lower cortex hyphal orientation     1. anticlinal     2. periclinal     3. irregular
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405. Lower cortex hyphal layer differentiation     1. single-layered     2. double-layered
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406. Lower cortex hyphal cell structure     1. chondroid     2. leptodermatous     3. mesodermatous     4. pachydermatous
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407. Lower cortex hyphal cell width [categorical]     1. narrow     2. moderately wide     3. broad
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408. Lower cortex hyphal cell width [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm thick

409. Lower cortex extent     1. restricted to the thallus edge     2. covering most of the thallus lower surface
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Reproduction   back to top

410. Reproduction mechanism     1. asexual     2. sexual
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411. Reproduction states     1. anamorphic (mitosporic)     2. teleomorphic (meiosporic)     3. holomorphic (mito- and meiosporic)
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412. Reproduction strategy     1. ana-holomorphic     2. holomorpic s.str.
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413. Reproduction cycle variability     1. single anamorphic     2. synanamorphic
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414. Ascomata presence [mandatory] [mandatory character]     1. absent     2. present (fertile, thallus with sexual structures)
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415. Ascomata formation     1. absent     2. present (asci aggregating within ascomata)
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416. Ascomata differentiation     1. asci dispersed, not aggregating     2. undifferentiated (asci only loosely aggregated within the mycelium, e.g., forming ascostromata)     3. differentiated (asci closely aggregated and thus forming distinct ascocarps)
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Ascocarp Morphology: General Ascocarp Morphology   back to top

417. Ascocarp ontogeny     1. ascolocular     2. ascohymenial
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418. Ascocarp structure [mandatory character]     1. apothecioid     2. perithecioid     3. cleistothecioid
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419. Ascocarp shape     1. globose     2. subglobose     3. obpyriform     4. ovoid     5. lenticular in surface view (= discoid in side view)     7. turberculate     8. conical
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420. Ascocarp outline     1. orbicular     2. lingulate     3. irregular     4. linear     5. stellate
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421. Ascocarp location {on main thallus}     1. central     2. laminal     3. subperipheral     4. peripheral
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422. Ascocarp location {on primal, primary or secondary thallus}     1. on primal thallus (pro- and hypothallus)     2. on primary thallus     3. on secondary thallus (if present)
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423. Ascocarp position {on primal thallus: pro- or hypothallus}     1. laminal     2. peripheral
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424. Ascocarp position {on primary thallus parts}     1. central     2. laminal     3. subperipheral     4. peripheral     5. subterminal     6. terminal
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425. Ascocarp position {on secondary thallus parts}     1. lateral (on branching stipes)     2. apical (at the tip of stipes)     3. marginal (on the margin of scyphi)
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426. Ascocarp host dependency     1. host-independent     2. host-dependent
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427. Ascocarp location {on host}     1. peripheral (along the margin of the host thallus)     2. laminal (all accross the host thallus)     3. terminal (at the apex of branches or lobes of the host thallus)     4. along the rim of host scyphi     5. within the ascocarp margin of the host     6. within the ascocarp disks of the host
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428. Ascocarp emergence     1. not emerging (immersed, e.g., cryptolecanorine, cryptolecideine, aspicilioid)     2. slowly emerging     3. rapidly emerging
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429. Ascocarp attachment     1. adnate (semi-immersed)     2. sessile     3. substipitate     4. stipitate
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430. Ascocarp basis     1. not constricted (flat below)     2. slightly constricted (moderately conical at the base)     3. strongly constricted (strongly conical at the base)
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431. Ascocarp abundance [categorical]     1. sparse     2. moderately abundant     3. abundant
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432. Ascocarp abundance [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
per thallus

433. Ascocarp density
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
per cm²

434. Ascocarp distribution     1. centripetal     2. centrifugal
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435. Ascocarp aggregation {across the surface}     1. scattered     2. subgregarious     3. gregarious
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436. Ascocarp ascostroma formation     1. non-stromatic     2. pseudostromatic     3. stromatic
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437. Ascocarp size [categorical]     1. small     2. large
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438. {orbicular} ascocarp diameter [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
mm in diam.

439. {elongated} ascocarp width [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm wide

440. {elongated} ascocarp length [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm long

441. Ascocarp height [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm high

442. Ascocarp {overall} surface colour     1. hyaline (translucent)     2. white     3. pale grey (= greyish white, whitish grey)     4. grey     5. dark gray (= greyish black, blackish grey)     6. black     7. red     8. pale red (= reddish white, whitish red, incl. pink, rosé)     9. grey-red (= greyish red, reddish grey)     10. brownish red (= reddish brown)     11. bluish red (= reddish blue, incl. violet, purple)     12. dark red (= blackish red, reddish black)     13. green     14. pale green (= greenish white, whitish green)     15. grey-green (= greyish green, greenish gray)     16. brownish green (= greenish brown, incl. olive, olivaceous)     17. bluish green (= greenish blue; incl. aeruginose, turquoise)     18. dark green (= blackish green, greenish black)     19. blue     20. pale blue (= whitish blue, bluish white)     21. grey-blue (= bluish grey, greyish blue)     22. brownish blue (= bluish brown)     23. dark blue (= blackish blue, bluish black)     24. yellow     25. pale yellow (= whitish yellow, yellowish white, incl. lemon, citrine)     26. grey-yellow (= greyish yellow, yellowish grey)     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     28. greenish yellow (= yellowish green, incl. lime green)     29. dark yellow (= yellowish black, blackish yellow)     30. brown     31. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)     32. grey-brown (= greyish brown, brownish grey)     33. dark brown (= brownish black, blackish brown)     34. orange (= yellowish red, reddish yellow)
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Ascocarp Morphology: Wall   back to top

443. Ascocarp wall: carbonization     1. not carbonized     2. carbonized only in parts     3. carbonized around the ostiole, lacking a clypeus     4. with a carbonized black clypeus around the ostiole
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444. Ascocarp wall: fusion {of neighboured perithecia}     1. absent     2. present
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445. Ascocarp wall: enclosure     1. complete     2. dimidiate
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Ascocarp Morphology: Margin   back to top

446. Ascocarp margin: presence     1. absent     2. present
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447. Ascocarp margin: type     1. lecideine/biatorine     2. lecanorine (incl. zeorine)
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448. Ascocarp margin: structure     1. entire     2. lobate     3. lobulate     4. crenulate     5. granulose     6. scabrose     7. verrucose     8. verruculose     9. byssoid
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449. Ascocarp margin: roughness     1. smooth     5. rough
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450. Ascocarp margin: outline     1. not flexuose     2. slightly flexuose     3. strongly flexuose     4. angular
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451. Ascocarp margin: persistency     1. persistent     2. excluded
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452. Ascocarp margin: development     1. indistinct (thin)     2. distinct (moderately thickened)     3. prominent (thick)
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453. Ascocarp margin: colour     1. hyaline (translucent)     2. white     3. pale grey (= greyish white, whitish grey)     4. grey     5. dark gray (= greyish black, blackish grey)     6. black     7. red     8. pale red (= reddish white, whitish red, incl. pink, rosé)     9. grey-red (= greyish red, reddish grey)     10. brownish red (= reddish brown)     11. bluish red (= reddish blue, incl. purple, violet)     12. dark red (= blackish red, reddish black)     13. green     14. pale green (= greenish white, whitish green)     15. grey-green (= greyish green, greenish gray)     16. brownish green (= greenish brown, incl. olive, olivaceous)     17. bluish green (= greenish blue; incl. turquoise, aeruginose)     18. dark green (= blackish green, greenish black)     19. blue     20. pale blue (= whitish blue, bluish white)     21. grey-blue (= bluish grey, greyish blue)     22. brownish blue (= bluish brown)     23. dark blue (= blackish blue, bluish black)     24. yellow     25. pale yellow (= whitish yellow, yellowish white, incl. lemon, citrine)     26. grey-yellow (= greyish yellow, yellowish grey)     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     28. greenish yellow (= yellowish green, incl. lime green)     29. dark yellow (= yellowish black, blackish yellow)     30. brown     31. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)     32. grey-brown (= greyish brown, brownish grey)     33. dark brown (= brownish black, blackish brown)     34. orange (= reddish yellow, yellowish red)
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454. Ascocarp margin: pigment distribution     1. brighter than thallus     2. concolourous with thallus     3. darker than thallus     4. brighter than disk     5. concolourous with disk     6. darker than disk
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455. Ascocarp margin: pigment pattern     1. inhomogeneous     2. homogenous
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456. Ascocarp margin: width [categorical]     1. thin     2. moderately wide     3. thick
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457. Ascocarp margin: width [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm wide

458. Ascocarp margin: pruina abundance     1. epruinose     2. slightly pruinose     3. distinctly pruinose
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459. Ascocarp margin: pruina colour     1. hyaline (translucent)     2. white     3. pale grey (= greyish white, whitish grey)     4. grey     5. dark gray (= greyish black, blackish grey)     6. black     7. red     8. pale red (= reddish white, whitish red, incl. pink, rosé)     9. grey-red (= greyish red, reddish grey)     10. brownish red (= reddish brown)     11. bluish red (= reddish blue, incl. purple, violet)     12. dark red (= blackish red, reddish black)     13. green     14. pale green (= greenish white, whitish green)     15. grey-green (= greyish green, greenish gray)     16. brownish green (= greenish brown, incl. olive, olivaceous)     17. bluish green (= greenish blue; incl. aeruginose, turquoise)     18. dark green (= blackish green, greenish black)     19. blue     20. pale blue (= bluish white, whitish blue)     21. grey-blue (= bluish grey, greyish blue)     22. brownish blue (= bluish brown)     23. dark blue (= blackish blue, bluish black)     24. yellow     25. pale yellow (= whitish yellow, yellowish white, incl. lemon, citrine)     26. grey-yellow (= greyish yellow, yellowish grey)     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     28. greenish yellow (= yellowish green, incl. lime green)     29. dark yellow (= yellowish black, blackish yellow)     30. brown     31. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)     32. grey-brown (= greyish brown, brownish grey)     33. dark brown (= brownish black, blackish brown)     34. orange (= reddish yellow, yellowish red)
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460. Ascocarp margin: parathecial crown presence     1. absent     2. present
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461. Ascocarp margin: parathecial crown brightness [categorical]     1. darker than surrounding margin     2. concolourous with surrounding margin     3. brighter than surrounding margin
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462. Ascocarp margin: surface structures presence     1. absent     2. present
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463. Ascocarp margin: soredia     1. absent     2. present (sorediate)
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464. Ascocarp margin: isidia     1. absent     2. present (isidiate)
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465. Ascocarp margin: pseudocyphellae     1. absent     2. present
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466. Ascocarp margin: cilia     1. absent     2. present (ciliate)
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467. Ascocarp margin: hairs     1. absent     2. present (hirsute)
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468. Ascocarp margin: external filament presence     1. absent     2. present
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469. Ascocarp margin: external filament kind     1. rhizines     2. setae     3. hairs
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470. Ascocarp margin: external filament connections     1. not interlaced     2. interlaced with each other     3. interwoven with surrounding mycelium
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471. Ascocarp margin: external filament appearance     1. mycelioid     2. setiform
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472. Ascocarp margin: external filament shape     1. uncinate     2. circinate     3. helicoid     4. recurved
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473. Ascocarp margin: external filament length [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm long

474. Ascocarp margin: external filament width [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm in diameter

475. Ascocarp margin: external filament translucence     1. hyaline (translucent)     2. pigmented
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476. Ascocarp margin: external filament abundance [categorical]     1. few     2. numerous
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477. Ascocarp margin: external filament abundance [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
per mm²

478. Ascocarp margin: external filament position     1. at the ascocarp base     2. all across the lower half of the ascocarp     3. between the lower and upper hald of the ascocarp     4. on the upper half of the ascocarp
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479. Ascocarp margin: external filament flexibility     1. flexuose     2. stiff and straight     3. geniculate (bent)
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480. Ascocarp margin: external filament surface texture     1. smooth     2. rough     3. verrucose
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481. Ascocarp margin: external filament wall thickness [categorical]     1. thin     2. moderatly thick     3. thick
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482. Ascocarp margin: external filament ramification     1. not or only scarcely branched     2. distinctly branched
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483. Ascocarp margin: external filament ramification pattern     1. simple     2. dichotomous     3. trichotomous     4. penicillate
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484. Ascocarp margin: external filament septation     1. non-septate     2. septate
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485. Ascocarp margin: external filament basal cell length
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm long

486. Ascocarp margin: external filament basal cell width
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm wide


Ascocarp Morphology: Disk   back to top

487. Ascocarp disk: curvature     1. urceolate (strongly concave)     2. excavate (concave)     3. plane (expanded)     4. weakly convex     5. strongly convex
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488. Ascocarp disk: colour     1. hyaline (translucent)     2. white     3. pale grey (= greyish white, whitish grey)     4. grey     5. dark gray (= greyish black, blackish grey)     6. black     7. red     8. pale red (= reddish white, whitish red, incl. pink, rosé)     9. grey-red (= greyish red, reddish grey)     10. brownish red (= reddish brown)     11. bluish red (= reddish blue, incl. violet, purple)     12. dark red (= blackish red, reddish black)     13. green     14. pale green (= greenish white, whitish green)     15. grey-green (= greyish green, greenish gray)     16. brownish green (= greenish brown, incl. olive, olivaceous)     17. bluish green (= greenish blue; incl. aeruginose, turquoise)     18. dark green (= blackish green, greenish black)     19. blue     20. pale blue (= whitish blue, bluish white)     21. grey-blue (= bluish grey, greyish blue)     22. brownish blue (= bluish brown)     23. dark blue (= blackish blue, bluish black)     24. yellow     25. pale yellow (= whitish yellow, yellowish white, incl. lemon, citrine)     26. grey-yellow (= greyish yellow, yellowish grey)     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     28. greenish yellow (= yellowish green, incl. lime green)     29. dark yellow (= yellowish black, blackish yellow)     30. brown     31. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)     32. grey-brown (= greyish brown, brownish grey)     33. dark brown (= brownish black, blackish brown)     34. orange (= reddish yellow, yellowish red)
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489. Ascocarp disk: exposure     1. not exposed     2. partly exposed     3. fully exposed
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490. Ascocarp disk: surface texture     1. smooth     2. rough     3. irregular     4. pilose     5. papillose     6. fine granulate
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491. Ascocarp disk: pruina presence     1. absent     2. present
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492. Ascocarp disk: pruina abundance     1. scarce     2. abundant
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493. Ascocarp disk: pruina colour     1. white     2. yellow greenish     3. green     4. yellow     5. red     6. brownish red (= reddish brown)     7. pale grey (= whitish grey, greyish white)
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494. Ascocarp umbo presence     1. absent     2. present
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495. Ascocarp umbo abundance     1. occasional     2. regular
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Ascocarp Anatomy: Exciple   back to top

496. Ascocarp exciple: type     1. allophana-type     2. campestris-type     3. pulicaris-type     4. physciaeformis-type     5. cocoes-type     6. obscurascens-type     7. aethalea-type     8. dispersa-type     9. leptocline-type     10. vilis-type     11. trachyspora-type     12. mamillana-type
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497. Ascocarp exciple: plectenchyma structure     1. prosoplectenchymatous     2. paraplectenchymatous
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498. Ascocarp exciple: hyphal orientation     1. parallel (radiating outwards)     2. net-like (intricately interwoven, with no predominant orientation)     3. not easily discerned (strongly gelatinized or carbonized)     4. indistinct
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499. Ascocarp exciple: hyphal width [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm wide

500. Ascocarp exciple: hyphal length [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm long

501. Ascocarp exciple: euamyloid reactivity     1. in in Lugol's Solution Solution negative     2. in in Lugol's Solution Solution positive
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502. Ascocarp exciple: hemiamyloid reactivity     1. not hemiamyloid     2. hemiamyloid
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503. Ascocarp exciple: iodine reaction intensity     1. weak     2. strong
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504. Ascocarp exciple: pigment carbonization     1. biatorine (not carbonized)     2. lecideine (carbonized)
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505. Ascocarp exciple: layer pigmentation     1. hyaline (translucent)     2. white     3. pale grey (= greyish white, whitish grey)     4. grey     5. dark gray (= greyish black, blackish grey)     6. black     7. red     8. pale red (= reddish white, whitish red, incl. pink, rosé)     9. grey-red (= greyish red, reddish grey)     10. brownish red (= reddish brown)     11. bluish red (= reddish blue, incl. violet, purple)     12. dark red (= blackish red, reddish black)     13. green     14. pale green (= greenish white, whitish green)     15. grey-green (= greyish green, greenish gray)     16. brownish green (= greenish brown, incl. olive, olivaceous)     17. bluish green (= greenish blue; incl. aeruginose, turquoise)     18. dark green (= blackish green, greenish black)     19. blue     20. pale blue (= whitish blue, bluish white)     21. grey-blue (= bluish grey, greyish blue)     22. brownish blue (= bluish brown)     23. dark blue (= blackish blue, bluish black)     24. yellow     25. pale yellow (= whitish yellow, yellowish white, incl. lemon, citrine)     26. grey-yellow (= greyish yellow, yellowish grey)     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     28. greenish yellow (= yellowish green, incl. lime green)     29. dark yellow (= yellowish black, blackish yellow)     30. brown     31. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)     32. grey-brown (= greyish brown, brownish grey)     33. dark brown (= brownish black, blackish brown)     34. orange (= reddish yellow, yellowish red)
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506. Ascocarp exciple: crystal inspersion     1. not inspersed with crystals     2. inspersed with crystals
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Ascocarp Anatomy: Parathecium   back to top

507. Parathecium width [categorical]     1. narrow (indistinct, reduced)     2. broad (distinct)
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508. Parathecium width [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm wide

509. Parathecium structure     1. paraplectenchymatous     2. prosoplectenchymatous, strongly glutinized
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510. Parathecium pigmentation     1. hyaline (translucent)     2. white     3. pale grey (= greyish white, whitish grey)     4. grey     5. dark gray (= greyish black, blackish grey)     6. black     7. red     8. pale red (= reddish white, whitish red, incl. pink, rosé)     9. grey-red (= greyish red, reddish grey)     10. brownish red (= reddish brown)     11. bluish red (= reddish blue, incl. violet, purple)     12. dark red (= blackish red, reddish black)     13. green     14. pale green (= greenish white, whitish green)     15. grey-green (= greyish green, greenish gray)     16. brownish green (= greenish brown, incl. olive, olivaceous)     17. bluish green (= greenish blue; incl. aeruginose, turquoise)     18. dark green (= blackish green, greenish black)     19. blue     20. pale blue (= whitish blue, bluish white)     21. grey-blue (= bluish grey, greyish blue)     22. brownish blue (= bluish brown)     23. dark blue (= blackish blue, bluish black)     24. yellow     25. pale yellow (= whitish yellow, yellowish white, incl. lemon, citrine)     26. grey-yellow (= greyish yellow, yellowish grey)     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     28. greenish yellow (= yellowish green, incl. lime green)     29. dark yellow (= yellowish black, blackish yellow)     30. brown     31. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)     32. grey-brown (= greyish brown, brownish grey)     33. dark brown (= brownish black, blackish brown)     34. orange (= yellowish red, reddish yellow)
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511. Parathecium: pigment name     1. hypnorum-blue     2. arnoldiana-brown     3. atra-brown     4. elachista-brown     5. laurocerasi-brown     6. leptocline-brown     7. leptoclinoides-brown     8. polychroa-brown     9. ruginosa-brown     10. superba-brown     11. verrucarioides-brown     12. bagliettoana-green     13. caesiocinerea-green     14. cinereorufa-green     15. hertelii-green     16. mniaecia-green     17. sedifolia-grey     18. atra-red     19. melaena-red     20. melaenida-red     21. schweinitzii-red     22. arceutina-yellow     23. intrusa-yellow
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512. Parathecium: pigment location {in or around the cells}     1. within the cell wall     2. within the cell lumina (cells becoming carbonised, i.e., pigmented throughout)     3. diffuse (around the cells)
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513. Parathecium: pigment reactivity     1. 10% KOH –     2. 10% KOH +     3. conc. HNO3 –     4. conc. HNO3 +     5. 10% HCl (in H2O) –     6. 10% HCl (in H2O) +     7. 10% HCl (after KOH) –     8. 10% HCl (after KOH) +     9. 10% HCl (after HNO3 and KOH) –     10. 10% HCl (after HNO3 and KOH) +
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514. Parathecium glutinization     1. not glutinized     2. strongly glutinized
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515. Parathecium crystal inspersion     1. not inspersed with crystals     2. inspersed with crystals
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516. Parathecium crystal solubility     1. dissolving in 10% KOH     2. not dissolving in 10% KOH     3. dissolving in conc. HNO3     4. not dissolving in conc. HNO3     5. forming CaSO4 needles in 10% H2SO4     6. not forming CaSO4 needles in 10% H2SO4
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517. Parathecium differentiation     1. not differentiated (uniform throughout)     2. differentiated into outer and inner part
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518. Parathecium inner part: continuity     1. continuous with the hypothecium     2. not continous with the hypothecium
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519. Parathecium inner part: plectenchyma structure     1. prosoplectenchymatous     2. paraplectenchymatous
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520. Parathecium inner part: paraplectenchyma type     1. textura globularis     2. textura angularis     3. textura epidermoidea (sinuous cells, tightly packed)     4. scleroplectenchymatous type A     5. scleroplectenchymatous type B
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521. Parathecium inner part: prosoplectenchyma type     1. scleroprosoplectenchymatous     2. serioplectenchymatous     3. palisade plectenchyma     4. textura chondroidea     5. textura prismatica     6. textura oblita     7. textura porrecta     8. textura intricata (unspecified)     9. dense textura intricata     10. loose textura intricata
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522. Parathecium inner part: hyphal orientation     1. anticlinal     2. periclinal     3. irregular     4. indistinct
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523. Parathecium inner part: hyphal cell structure     1. chondroid     2. leptodermatous     3. mesodermatous     4. pachydermatous
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524. Parathecium outer part: continuity     1. continuous with the epihymenium     2. not continuous with the epihymenium
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525. Parathecium outer part: plectenchyma structure     1. prosoplectenchymatous     2. paraplectenchymatous
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526. Parathecium outer part: paraplectenchyma type     1. textura globularis     2. textura angularis     3. textura epidermoidea (sinuous cells, tightly packed)     4. scleroplectenchymatous type A     5. scleroplectenchymatous type B
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527. Parathecium outer part: prosoplectenchyma type     1. scleroprosoplectenchymatous     2. serioplectenchymatous     3. palisade plectenchyma     4. textura chondroidea     5. textura prismatica     6. textura oblita     7. textura porrecta     8. textura intricata (unspecified)     9. dense textura intricata     10. loose textura intricata
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528. Parathecium outer part: hyphal orientation     1. anticlinal     2. periclinal     3. irregular     4. indistinct
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529. Parathecium outer part: hyphal cell structure     1. chondroid     2. leptodermatous     3. mesodermatous     4. pachydermatous
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Ascocarp Anatomy: General Amphithecium Anatomy   back to top

530. Amphithecium presence     1. absent     2. present
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531. Amphithecium characteristics     1. not forming an involucrellum     2. forming an involucrellum
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532. Amphithecium: pigmentation {in H2O}     1. hyaline (translucent)     2. white     3. pale grey (= greyish white, whitish grey)     4. grey     5. dark gray (= greyish black, blackish grey)     6. black     7. red     8. pale red (= reddish white, whitish red, incl. pink, rosé)     9. grey-red (= greyish red, reddish grey)     10. brownish red (= reddish brown)     11. bluish red (= reddish blue, incl. violet, purple)     12. dark red (= blackish red, reddish black)     13. green     14. pale green (= greenish white, whitish green)     15. grey-green (= greyish green, greenish gray)     16. brownish green (= greenish brown, incl. olive, olivaceous)     17. bluish green (= greenish blue; incl. aeruginose, turquoise)     18. dark green (= blackish green, greenish black)     19. blue     20. pale blue (= whitish blue, bluish white)     21. grey-blue (= bluish grey, greyish blue)     22. brownish blue (= bluish brown)     23. dark blue (= blackish blue, bluish black)     24. yellow     25. pale yellow (= whitish yellow, yellowish white, incl. lemon, citrine)     26. grey-yellow (= greyish yellow, yellowish grey)     27. brownish yellow (= yellowish brown)     28. greenish yellow (= yellowish green, incl. lime green)     29. dark yellow (= yellowish black, blackish yellow)     30. brown     31. pale brown (= brownish white, whitish brown)     32. grey-brown (= greyish brown, brownish grey)     33. dark brown (= brownish black, blackish brown)     34. orange (= reddish yellow, yellowish red)
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533. Amphithecium: pigment name     1. hypnorum-blue     2. arnoldiana-brown     3. atra-brown     4. elachista-brown     5. laurocerasi-brown     6. leptocline-brown     7. leptoclinoides-brown     8. polychroa-brown     9. ruginosa-brown     10. superba-brown     11. verrucarioides-brown     12. bagliettoana-green     13. caesiocinerea-green     14. cinereorufa-green     15. hertelii-green     16. mniaecia-green     17. sedifolia-grey     18. atra-red     19. melaena-red     20. melaenida-red     21. schweinitzii-red     22. arceutina-yellow     23. intrusa-yellow
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534. Amphithecium: pigment location {in or around the cells)     1. within the cell wall     2. within the cell lumina (cells becoming carbonised, i.e., pigmented throughout)     3. diffuse (around the cells)
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535. Amphithecium: pigment solubility {in KOH}     1. insoluble in 10% KOH     2. soluble in 10% KOH
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536. Amphithecium: pigment reactivity     1. 10% KOH –     2. 10% KOH +     3. conc. HNO3 –     4. conc. HNO3 +     5. 10% HCl (in H2O) –     6. 10% HCl (in H2O) +     7. 10% HCl (after KOH) –     8. 10% HCl (after KOH) +     9. 10% HCl (after HNO3 and KOH) –     10. 10% HCl (after HNO3 and KOH) +
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537. Amphithecium height [categorical]     1. flat     2. moderately broad     3. broad
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538. Amphithecium height [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm high

539. Amphithecium width [categorical]     1. thin     2. moderately wide     3. thick
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540. Amphithecium width [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm wide

541. Amphithecium inspersion: type     1. not inspers     2. inspersed with oil droplets     3. inspersed with crystals
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542. Amphithecium inspersion: oil droplet size     1. small (< 5 µm)     2. medium (5-10 µm)     3. large (> 10 µm)
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543. Amphithecium inspersion: oil droplet abundance     1. sparse (hardly inspers)     2. moderately abundant (weakly inspers)     3. strongly abundant (strongly inspers)
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544. Amphithecium inspersion: crystal size     1. small (< 5 µm in diameter)     2. medium (5-10 µm)     3. large (>10 µm)
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545. Amphithecium inspersion: crystal abundance     1. scarce     2. abundant
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546. Amphithecium inspersion: crystal solubility     1. not dissolving in 10% KOH     2. dissolving in 10% KOH     3. dissolving in conc. HNO3     4. not dissolving in conc. HNO3     5. forming CaSO4 needles in 10% H2SO4     6. not forming CaSO4 needles in 10% H2SO4
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547. Amphithecial gel presence     1. absent     2. present
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548. Amphithecial gel hydrophily     1. hydrophobous     2. hydrophilous
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549. Amphithecium: plectenchyma structure     1. prosoplectenchymatous     2. paraplectenchymatous
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550. Amphithecium: paraplectenchyma type     1. textura globularis     2. textura angularis     3. textura epidermoidea (sinuous cells, tightly packed)     4. scleroplectenchymatous type A     5. scleroplectenchymatous type B
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551. Amphithecium: prosoplectenchyma type     1. scleroprosoplectenchymatous     2. serioplectenchymatous     3. palisade plectenchyma     4. textura chondroidea     5. textura prismatica     6. textura oblita     7. textura porrecta     8. textura intricata (unspecified)     9. dense textura intricata     10. loose textura intricata
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552. Amphithecium: hyphal orientation     1. anticlinal     2. periclinal     3. irregular     4. indistinct
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553. Amphithecium: hyphal cell structure     1. chondroid     2. leptodermatous     3. mesodermatous     4. pachydermatous
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554. Amphithecium: hyphal cell width [categorical]     1. narrow     2. moderately wide     3. broad
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555. Amphithecium hyphal cell width [numerical]
Min: Lower range: Mean: Upper range: Max: Unit:
µm wide

556. Amphithecium euamyloid reaction     1. in in Lugol's Solution Solution negative     2. in in Lugol's Solution Solution positive
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557. Amphithecium hemiamyloid reaction     1. not hemiamyloid     2. hemiamyloid
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558. Amphithecium iodine reaction intensity     1. weak     2. strong
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